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|Alma mater||University of Washington|
|Institutions||City University of New York, Graduate Center|
Gary Winkel is an environmental psychologist noted for his contribution to the establishment of the Environment and Behavior, a journal seen as an indication of the recent growth of Environmental Psychology as a field. He is a Professor of Environmental Psychology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.
Education and career
Winkel received his Ph.D. in psychology at the University of Washington with a minor in quantitative methods. After receiving his degree, he served as an Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Washington and was involved in research on museum and exhibit design as well as a project concerned with the redevelopment of downtown Seattle, Washington. In a study undertaken with Geoffrey Hayward, Winkel observed people in New York City subway stations to investigate the causes of congestion and suggested improvements to different elements in the public space. During this period, he also worked jointly with Philip Thiel and Francis Ventre on the development of the first interdisciplinary journal focused on person/environment relationships. The journal was called Environment and Behavior and served as its first editor in 1969, continuing until 1980. Winkel maintained that the jit was intended to provide a platform for the discussion of the relationships between physical environment and behavior.
In 1968, Professor Winkel joined the Environmental Psychology Program at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. There, in collaboration with William Ittelson, Harold Proshansky, and Leanne Rivlin, he was the co-author of the first textbook in environmental psychology titled Introduction to Environmental Psychology. His research interests moved in the direction of hospital design and he worked for seven years as a research and design consultant to Bellevue Hospital in New York City. Subsequently, he began working with Professor Susan Saegert of the Environmental Psychology Program on housing and community related research which has continued until the present. In addition to his interests in housing research, Professor Winkel has focused on methodological and statistical issues related to field research in environmental psychology.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (1997). Social capital formation in low income housing. New York: Housing Environments Research Group of the Center for Human Environments, City University of New York.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (February 1990). "Environmental psychology". Annual Review of Psychology. 41: 441–477. doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.41.020190.002301.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (August 1996). "Paths to community empowerment: organizing at home". American Journal of Community Psychology. 24 (4): 517–550. doi:10.1007/BF02506795.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (1998). "Social capital and the revitalization of New York City's distressed inner‐city housing". Housing Policy Debate. 9 (1): 17–60. doi:10.1080/10511482.1998.9521285.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (March–April 1999). "CDCs, social capital, and housing quality". Shelterforce. National Housing Institute - Shelterforce online (104).
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan; Swartz, Charles (2002). "Social capital and crime in New York City's low‐income housing". Housing Policy Debate. 13 (1): 189–226. doi:10.1080/10511482.2002.9521439.
- Winkel, Gary; Saegert, Susan (December 2004). "Crime, social capital and community participation". American Journal of Community Psychology. 34 (3–4): 219–233. doi:10.1007/s10464-004-7416-2.
- Preiser, Wolfgang (2016). Environmental Design Research: Volume one selected papers. Oxon: Routledge. p. 164. ISBN 9781138684270.
- Sanoff, Henry (2016). Methods of Architectural Programming (Routledge Revivals). Oxon: Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 9781138688308.
- Devlin, Ann Sloan (2018). Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being: Effects of Built and Natural Settings. London: Academic Press. pp. xviii. ISBN 9780128114810.