Gasconade County, Missouri
Gasconade County Courthouse in Hermann
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 25, 1820|
|Named for||Gasconade River|
|• Total||524 sq mi (1,360 km2)|
|• Land||518 sq mi (1,340 km2)|
|• Water||6.6 sq mi (17 km2) 1.3%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||29/sq mi (11/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Gasconade County is a county located in the east-central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,222. The county seat has been Hermann since 1842. The county was named after the Gasconade River.
The county is located on the south side of the Missouri River, which once served as the chief route of transportation in the state. It is located in the area known as the Missouri Rhineland. Because of its distinctive conditions, the Hermann area was designated an American Viticultural Area (AVA) in 1983. The southern part of the county is within the larger Ozark Highlands AVA, established in 1987.
Gasconade County (and the Gasconade River) received its name from French-speaking settlers. They came from the Gascony region in southwestern France during French colonial rule of New France (Louisiana Territory).
Per a 1916 Missouri Historical Review article, "The name is from 'Gascon', an inhabitant of Gascony,' a unique, marginal maritime province in the southwest of France with Basque cultural roots.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,342 people, 6,171 households, and 4,288 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 7,813 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.69% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Approximately 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,171 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,047, and the median income for a family was $41,518. Males had a median income of $29,659 versus $20,728 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,319. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.
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|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Pamela R. Greunke||Republican|
|County Clerk||Lesa Lietzow||Republican|
|Jerry D. Lairmore||Republican|
|Coroner||Benjamin D. Grosse||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Ada Brehe-Kreuger||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Fay Owsley||Republican|
|Recorder||Pamela R. Greunke||Republican|
|Sheriff||John D. Romanus||Republican|
|Treasurer||Michael C. Feagan||Republican|
|2016||63.04% 4,681||32.35% 2,402||4.61% 342|
|2012||53.18% 3,775||44.55% 3,162||2.27% 161|
|2008||55.78% 4,307||42.90% 3,313||1.32% 102|
|2004||65.36% 4,696||33.57% 2,412||1.07% 77|
|2000||61.83% 4,091||35.31% 2,336||2.86% 189|
|1996||50.99% 3,042||46.36% 2,766||2.65% 158|
Gasconade County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.
- District 61 — Justin Alferman (R-Herman). Consists of the communities of Gasconade, Herman, Morrison, and Mt. Sterling.
At the presidential level, Gasconade County is one of the most reliably Republican strongholds in the state of Missouri. The Republican presidential nominee has won Gasconade County in every presidential election since 1860, giving the county the longest active Republican voting streak for presidential elections in the United States.
Like most rural areas throughout Northeast Missouri, voters in Gasconade County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Gasconade County with 76.48 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Gasconade County with 58.61 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Gasconade County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Gasconade County with 74.74 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor. (During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.)
Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 848, than any candidate from either party in Gasconade County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||793 (40.25%)|
|Mike Huckabee||514 (26.09%)|
|Mitt Romney||536 (27.21%)|
|Ron Paul||75 (3.81%)|
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||848 (53.54%)|
|Barack Obama||692 (43.69%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||25 (1.58%)|
- Gasconade County R-I School District - Hermann
- Hermann Elementary School (K-03)
- Hermann Middle School (04-08)
- Hermann High School (09-12)
- Gasconade County R-II School District - Owensville
- St. George School – Hermann (PK-08) – Roman Catholic
- Immanuel Lutheran School – Rosebud (PK-08) – Lutheran
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 168–169.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Gasconade County Officials". Gasconade County. 2019-09-05. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Hermann Branch Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Owensville Branch Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- CountyNewsLIVE.com (Hermann)
- Gasconade County Republican (Owensville)
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Gasconade County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- Gasconade County Sheriff's Office