Gasherbrum IV from Baltoro Glacier
|Elevation||7,925 m (26,001 ft) |
|Prominence||718 m (2,356 ft) |
|Parent range||Baltoro Muztagh, Karakoram|
|First ascent||August 6, 1958 by Walter Bonatti and Carlo Mauri|
|Easiest route||snow/ice climb|
The Gasherbrums are a remote group of peaks located at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the Himalaya. The massif contains three of the world's 8,000 metre peaks (including Broad Peak, which geologically belongs to this massif). Gasherbrum is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably a reference to the highly visible west face of Gasherbrum IV; but in fact, it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) and "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence it actually means "beautiful mountain."
Notable ascents and attempts
- 1958 First ascent by Walter Bonatti and Carlo Mauri on an Italian expedition led by Riccardo Cassin via the northeast ridge and the north summit. Traversing the pinnacled ridge to the main summit was considered the crux of the climb.
- 1985 First ascent of the 2,500 m (8,200 ft) high west face ("Shining Wall") by Wojciech Kurtyka (Poland) and Robert Schauer (Austria). However, bad weather, depletion of food and fuel, and extreme exhaustion forced them to stop at the north summit. The editors of Climbing magazine considered it the greatest achievement of mountaineering in the twentieth century.
- 1986 First ascent of the northwest ridge by Greg Child, Tim Macartney-Snape and Tom Hargis, involving an open bivouac on the north summit. This was the second ascent of Gasherbrum IV.
- 1997 First complete ascent of the west face by a Korean team, via the central spur. Bang Jung-ho, Kim Tong-kwan and Yoo Huk-jae reached the summit after a sieged ascent quoted as 5.10 A3.
- 1999 Second ascent of the northwest ridge by Kang Yeon-ryong and Yun Chi-won, part of a 13-member Korean team.
- 2008 Third ascent of the northwest ridge by a Spanish team composed of Alberto Iñurrategi, Juan Vallejo, José Carlos Tamayo, Mikel Zabalza, and Ferran Latorre. The team did not get to the main summit, but stopped at a minor peak a short distance from the true summit.
- "Gasherbrum IV". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Gasherbrum IV". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- H. Adams Carter, "Balti Place Names in the Karakoram", American Alpine Journal 49 (1975), p. 53.
- Griffin, Lindsay (August 30, 2008). "Gasherbrums Update". Alpinist Newswire. Alpinist Magazine. Retrieved Nov 16, 2009.
- Child, Greg (1987). "Gasherbrum IV's Northwest Ridge". American Alpine Journal. New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club. 29 (61): 17–25. ISBN 0-930410-29-7.
- Carbonell, Rafael (August 8, 2008). "Oro en el Himalaya". El País.
- mounteverest.net - Interview with Juan Vallejo, member of the Spanish team
- Jerzy Wala, The Eight-Thousand Metre Peaks of the Karakoram (orographical sketch map, revised), Kraków, Poland, 1994