Domenico Maria Angiolo Gasparini
9 February 1731
|Died||6 February 1803 (aged 71)|
|Occupation||Dancer, choreographer and composer|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Thérèse Foliazzi [ru]|
Gasparo Angiolini (7 February 1731 – 6 February 1803), real name Domenico Maria Gasparo, son of Francesco Angiolini and Maria Maddalena Torzi, was an Italian dancer and choreographer, and composer. He was born in Florence and died in Milan.
He is known thanks to the polemics with the French ballet master Jean-Georges Noverre. Gasparo Angiolini directed the ballet at the Imperial Theatre in Vienna, taking over the post in 1758, working closely with Christoph Willibald von Gluck on such works as Don Juan ou le Festin de Pierre (1761), and the opera Orfeo ed Euridice (1762). The dancing in both Don Juan and Orpheus were said to have insisted on the "primacy of drama". In addition to collaborating with Gluck, he also composed music for many of his ballets.
He later succeeded Franz Hilverding as director of the Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1766. Both Hilverding and Angiolini are credited with bringing the pantomime ballet to Russia. Likewise, Angiolini also attempted to introduce elements of Russian culture into his own work through use of songs, folk dances, and Russian themes.
Angiolini was a choreographer interested in the dramatic possibilities of dance. He was also an early spokesman for a sense of Italian nationalism and spoke of the sad state where Germany and Russia were supporting better cultural institutions than was Italy.
His son (or nephew) Pietro Angiolini was also a dancer and choreographer, his daughter Fortunata Angiolini [ru] (1776–1817) and her partner Armand Vestris have danced in Lisbon and London with great success.
And Gasparo Angiolini was a ballet teacher of Vincenzo Galeotti.
- "Angiolini, Gasparo." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 23 Jan. 2007.
- Christopher Duggan. The Force of Destiny: A History of Italy Since 1796. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2008) p. 4–5.
- Au, Susan. Ballet and Modern Dance, Second Edition. 2002. London: Thames and Hudson. Pages 34,36,38,61.
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- Arianna Béatrice Fabbricatore, La Querelle des Pantomimes : Danse, culture et société dans l’Europe des Lumières, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, coll. « Le Spectaculaire Arts de la scène », 2017 (471p.).
- Arianna Béatrice Fabbricatore, « Gasparo Angiolini et la réforme morale de la danse italienne » in Danse et morale « European Drama and Performance Studies », n. 8, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2017, p. 143-162.