Gasteracantha cancriformis

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Gasteracantha cancriformis
Crablike Spiny Orb Weaver.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Araneidae
Genus: Gasteracantha
Species: G. cancriformis
Binomial name
Gasteracantha cancriformis
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
  • Aranea cancriformis Linnaeus, 1758
  • Aranea conchata Slabber, 1769
  • Aranea tetracantha Linnaeus, 1767
  • Dicantha lata (Walckenaer, 1805)
  • Epeira cancer Hentz, 1850
  • Epeira lata Walckenaer, 1805
  • Epeira servillei Guérin, 1825
  • Gasteracantha biolleyi Banks, 1905
  • Gasteracantha callida O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
  • Gasteracantha canestrinii O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
  • Gasteracantha columbiae Giebel, 1863
  • Gasteracantha comstocki Mello-Leitão, 1917
  • Gasteracantha elliptica Gétaz, 1893
  • Gasteracantha hilaris Thorell, 1859
  • Gasteracantha insulana Thorell, 1859
  • Gasteracantha kochii Butler, 1873
  • Gasteracantha mammosa C. L. Koch, 1844
  • Gasteracantha mascula Strand, 1916
  • Gasteracantha maura McCook, 1894
  • Gasteracantha moesta Thorell, 1859
  • Gasteracantha oldendorffii Holmberg, 1876
  • Gasteracantha pallida C. L. Koch, 1844
  • Gasteracantha picea C. L. Koch, 1844
  • Gasteracantha preciosa McCook, 1894
  • Gasteracantha proboscidea Taczanowski, 1879
  • Gasteracantha quadridens C. L. Koch, 1844
  • Gasteracantha raimondii Taczanowski, 1879
  • Gasteracantha rubiginosa C. L. Koch, 1844
  • Gasteracantha rufospinosa Marx, 1886
  • Gasteracantha servillei (Guérin, 1825)
  • Gasteracantha tetracantha (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Gasteracantha velitaris C. L. Koch, 1837
  • Micrathena triserrata (Walckenaer, 1841)
  • Plectana atlantica Walckenaer, 1841
  • Plectana cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Plectana elipsoides Walckenaer, 1841
  • Plectana lata (Walckenaer, 1805)
  • Plectana quinqueserrata Walckenaer, 1841
  • Plectana servillei (Guérin, 1825)
  • Plectana sexserrata Walckenaer, 1841
  • Plectana triserrata Walckenaer, 1841
  • Plectana velitaris (C. L. Koch, 1837)
  • Vibradellus carolinus Chamberlin, 1925

Gasteracantha cancriformis is a species of orb-weaver spider (family Araneidae). It is widely distributed in the New World.[1]

The genus name Gasteracantha derives from the Greek words γαστήρ (gaster, "belly") and ἄκανθα (acantha, "thorn"), while the specific epithet cancriformis derives from the Latin words cancer ("crab") and forma ("shape, form, appearance").


Females are 5–9 millimetres (0.20–0.35 in) long and 10–13 mm (0.39–0.51 in) wide. The six abdominal spine-like projections on the abdomen are characteristic. The carapace, legs and underside are black with white spots under the abdomen. Variations occur in the colour of the upperside of the abdomen: a white or yellow colour with both featuring black spots. A white upperside can have either red or black spines while a yellow upperside can only have black ones. Like with many other spiders, males are much smaller (2 to 3 mm long) and longer than wide. They are similar to the females in colour but have a gray abdomen with white spots and the spines are reduced to four or five stubby projections.

This species of spider does not live very long. In fact, the lifespan lasts only until reproduction, which usually takes place in the spring following the winter when they hatched. Females die after producing an egg mass, and males die six days after a complete cycle of sperm induction to the female.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found across the southern part of the United States from California to Florida, including Alabama as well as in Central America, Jamaica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Bermuda, Puerto Rico, South America (including south and central Brazil, with several variations according to location) and certain islands in the Bahamas. It has also been sighted in the Whitsunday Islands, Australia, South Africa and Palawan, Philippines, as well as Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands, the Antilles and Koh Chang in Thailand eastern seaboard.

It lives in woodland edges and shrubby gardens. Many of the studies on this spider have taken place in citrus groves in Florida. They frequently live in trees or around trees in shrubs.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Taxon details Gasteracantha cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758)", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2016-04-28 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Gasteracantha cancriformis at Wikimedia Commons