Gaston Leroux

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For other people named Gaston Leroux, see Gaston Leroux (disambiguation).
Gaston Leroux
G. LEROUX.jpg
Born Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux
(1868-05-06)6 May 1868
Paris
Died 15 April 1927(1927-04-15) (aged 58)
Nice
Occupation Journalist and Author

Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux (6 May 1868[1] – 15 April 1927) was a French journalist and author of detective fiction.

In the English-speaking world, he is best known for writing the novel The Phantom of the Opera (Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, 1911), which has been made into several film and stage productions of the same name, notably the 1925 film starring Lon Chaney, and Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical. His novel The Mystery of the Yellow Room is also one of the most famous locked room mysteries ever written.

Biography[edit]

Leroux was born in Paris in 1868. He went to school in Normandy and studied law in Paris, graduating in 1889. He inherited millions of francs and lived wildly until he nearly reached bankruptcy. In 1890 he began working as a court reporter and theater critic for L'Écho de Paris. His most important journalism came when he began working as an international correspondent for the Paris newspaper Le Matin. He was present at, and covered, the 1905 Russian Revolution.

Another case at which he was present involved the investigation and in-depth coverage of the former Paris Opera (presently housing the Paris Ballet).[2] The basement contained a cell that held prisoners of the Paris Commune.

He suddenly left journalism in 1907, and began writing fiction. In 1919, he and Arthur Bernède formed their own film company, Société des Cinéromans to publish novels simultaneously and turn them into films. He first wrote a mystery novel entitled Le mystère de la chambre jaune (1908; The Mystery of the Yellow Room), starring the amateur detective Joseph Rouletabille. Leroux's contribution to French detective fiction is considered a parallel to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's in the United Kingdom and Edgar Allan Poe's in the United States.

Leroux published his most famous work, The Phantom of the Opera, as a serial in 1909 and 1910 and as a book in 1911.

Novels[edit]

The Adventures of Rouletabille[edit]

  • 1907 - Le mystère de la chambre jaune (English translation: The Mystery of the Yellow Room, 1907; Rouletabille and The Mystery of the Yellow Room, 2009, translated by Jean-Marc Lofficier & Randy Lofficier, ISBN 978-1-934543-60-3)
  • 1908 - Le parfum de la dame en noir (English translation: The Perfume of the Lady in Black, 1908)
  • 1913 - Rouletabille chez le Tsar (Rouletabille and the Tsar; English translation: The Secret of the Night, 1914)
  • 1914 - Rouletabille à la guerre (Rouletabille at War) consisting of
    • Le château noir (The Black Castle; English translation: The Slave Bangle, 1925; The Phantom Clue, 1926, translated by Hannaford Bennett)
    • Les étranges noces de Rouletabille (The Strange Wedding of Rouletabille; English translation: The Sleuth Hound, 1926; The Octopus of Paris, 1927, translated by Hannaford Bennett)
  • 1917 - Rouletabille chez Krupp (English translation: Rouletabille at Krupp's, 2013, by Brian Stableford, ISBN 978-1-61227-144-6)
  • 1921 - Le crime de Rouletabille (The Crime of Rouletabille)
  • 1922 - Rouletabille chez les Bohémiens (Rouletabille and the Gypsies)

Cheri Bibi[edit]

  • Première Aventures de Chéri-Bibi (Cheri-Bibi's First Adventures, 1913)
  • Nouvelles Aventures de Chéri-Bibi (Cheri-Bibi's New Adventures, 1921)
  • Le Coup d'État de Chéri-Bibi (Chéri-Bibi's Coup, 1926)

Other novels[edit]

Still of Lon Chaney in The Phantom of the Opera (1925)
  • La double vie de Théophraste Longuet (1903, English translations: The Double Life, 1909; The Man with the Black Feather, 1912)
  • Le roi mystère (1908)
  • Le fauteuil hanté (1909, English translation: The Haunted Chair, 1931)
  • Un homme dans la nuit (1910)
  • La reine de Sabbat (1910)
  • Le fantôme de l'Opéra (1910, English translation: The Phantom of the Opera, 1911)
  • Balaoo (1911, English translation: Balaoo, 1913)
  • L' épouse du soleil (1912, English translation: The Bride of the Sun, 1915)
  • La colonne infernale (1916)
  • Confitou (1916)
  • L' homme qui revient de loin (1916, English translation: The Man who Came Back from the Dead, 1916)
  • Le capitaine Hyx (1917)
  • La bataille invisible (1917)
  • Le coeur cambriolé (1920, English translation: The Burgled Heart, 1925; The New Terror, 1926)
  • Le sept de trèfle (1921)
  • La poupée sanglante (1923, English translations: The Kiss That Killed, 1934)
  • La machine à assassiner (1923, English translation: The Machine to Kill, 1934)
  • Les ténébreuses: La fin d'un monde & du sang sur la Néva (1924)
  • Hardis-Gras ou le fils des trois pères (1924)
  • La Farouche Aventure (serialized in "Le Journal" as La Coquette punie, 1924; English translation: The Adventures of a Coquette, 1926)
  • La Mansarde en or (1925)
  • Les Mohicans de Babel (1926)
  • Mister Flow (1927, English translation: The Man of a Hundred Faces, 1930)
  • Les Chasseurs de danses (1927)
  • Pouloulou (1990, posthumous)

Short stories[edit]

  • 1887 - "Le petit marchand de pommes de terre frites"
  • 1902 - "Les trois souhaits"
  • 1907 - "Baïouchki baïou"
  • 1908 - "L'homme qui a vu le diable" (English translation: "In Letters of Fire", 1908)
  • 1911 - "Le dîner des bustes" (English translation: "A Terrible Tale", 1925)
  • 1912 - "La hache d'or" (English translation: "The Gold Axe", 1925)
  • 1924 - "Le Noël du petit Vincent-Vincent" (English translation: "The Crime on Christmas Night", 1930)
  • 1924 - "La femme au collier de velours" (English translation: "The Woman with the Velvet Collar", 1929)
  • 1924 - "Not'olympe" (English translation: "The Mystery of the Four Husbands", 1929)

Plays[edit]

  • 1909 - "Le lys"


References[edit]

External links[edit]