Gastrodia kuroshimensis

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Gastrodia kuroshimensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gastrodieae
Genus: Gastrodia
G. kuroshimensis
Binomial name
Gastrodia kuroshimensis

Gastrodia kuroshimensis is an unusual species of plant that was discovered in April 2016.[1] It is mycoheterotrophic, meaning that it does not engage in photosynthesis like most plants but obtains energy from its host fungi. It is also cleistogamous, meaning that it produces flowers that never open. Since its flowers never open, it is self-fertilizing.[2]

Thus far the species has only been found on the Japanese island of Kuroshima after which it is named.

Due to its dark habitat and cleistogamous flowers, it is not pollinated by insects, unlike most other species of orchids.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b Suetsugu, Kenji (12 October 2016). "Gastrodia kuroshimensis ( Orchidaceae), a new mycoheterotrophic and complete cleistogamous plant from Japan". 278 (3): 265–272. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.278.3.6 – via
  2. ^ Times, Tech (15 October 2016). "There's A Plant In Japan That Neither Photosynthesizes Nor Blooms".
  3. ^ "[과학뉴스] 광합성도 안 하고, 꽃도 안 피는 식물? | d라이브러리". Retrieved 2017-01-16.