Gastrophryne

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Gastrophryne
Gastrophryne carolinensis.jpg
Gastrophryne carolinensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Subfamily: Gastrophryninae
Genus: Gastrophryne
Fitzinger, 1843
Species

4, see text.

Gastrophryne, the narrowmouth toads (also American narrowmouth toads, North American narrow-mouthed toads), is a genus of microhylid frogs found in the Americas between Honduras and southern United States.[1] Its name means ‘belly-toad’, referring to its large belly, from the Ancient Greek gastēr (γαστήρ, ‘belly, stomach’) and phrunē (φρύνη, ‘toad’).[2]

Gastrophryne is closely related to Hypopachus. Some species that were earlier placed in Gastrophryne were more closely related to Hypopachus, rendering the genus paraphyletic.[1] This has been rectified by moving some species (Gastrophryne usta and Gastrophryne pictiventris) to Hypopachus.[3]

Species[edit]

The currently recognized species are:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Gastrophryne Fitzinger, 1843". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Dodd, C. Kenneth (2013). Frogs of the United States and Canada. 1. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4214-0633-6. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Hypopachus Keferstein, 1867". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 March 2014.