Gateley

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Gateley
St Helen, Gateley, Norfolk - geograph.org.uk - 308607.jpg
St Helen, Gateley
Gateley is located in Norfolk
Gateley
Gateley
Gateley shown within Norfolk
Area6.14 km2 (2.37 sq mi)
Population65 
• Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTF959243
Civil parish
  • Gateley
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDEREHAM
Postcode districtNR20
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°46′54″N 0°54′14″E / 52.78153°N 0.90390°E / 52.78153; 0.90390Coordinates: 52°46′54″N 0°54′14″E / 52.78153°N 0.90390°E / 52.78153; 0.90390

Gateley is a village and civil parish in the Breckland district of Norfolk, England.[1]

Location[edit]

The village is situated some 16.9 km (10.5 mi) north-east of the town of Swaffham, 8.7 km (5.4 mi) north of the town of Dereham and 22.7 km (14.1 mi) north-west of the city of Norwich. The parish of Gateley is within the Breckland area of Norfolk. The parish lies south-east of the parish of Great Ryburgh and north-west of the parish of North Elmham. For local Government the Village falls in the Upper Wensum Ward of Breckland District Council and the Elmham and Mattishall Division of Norfolk County Council. The river Wensum runs across the north-east of the parish. Nearby villages include Colkirk and Horningtoft.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] The parish name is old English and translates as 'clearing where goats are kept'.[3] This place name and documentary evidence suggests the settlement has been in existence since at least the Late Saxon period.

Notable buildings[edit]

The parish church of Saint Helen[edit]

The parish church of Gateley is called St Helen's. The nave dates from the 15th century. The chancel is a Victorian rebuilding. The church tower is of the Perpendicular style. There are two shields on south-west buttress. Tower has rectangular vice, the belfry windows have been partly blocked. On south side of the nave is a round headed arch made up of late medieval tiles although the doorway is of late Saxon origins. The south porch has three niches. The church floor has been renewed but is of brick. The primitive font has a marble plinth . There is a rood screen with fine paintings thought to be East Anglia, which are of a local flavour. The Saints chosen for the screen are for local devotions. From left to right they are Saint Etheldreda, foundress of the Diocese of Ely shown as a nun with a Latin inscription, Scta Adria, or Saint Audrey. Next is Saint Elizabeth, also shown dressed in a nun's habit and her arms crossed as if in an echo of the Visitation, The Blessed Virgin, turned to face her cousin. A third image is of the Mistress of Ridibowne, a local devotion. Virtually nothing is known about her. Ridibowne was probably either Redbowne in Lincolnshire or Redbowne in Hertfordshire. On the other side of the screen are paintings of Saint Louis of France, Henry VI labelled in Latin as 'the Blessed Martyr Henry VI', St Augustine and Sir John Schorne, conjuring the devil into a boot. Sir John Schorne was a clergyman, he is said to be best known for his ability to cure the gout.

Gateley Hall[edit]

Gateley Hall

Gateley Hall is a grade I listed building which was built in 1726, on the site of an older manor house. The hall is early Georgian. The present owner is Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart. The house has double shaped gables at each end. On the south gable is an illegible date plaque thought to be 1726, the plaque is paired by a sundial. The front elevation stands over five bays topped with parapets and is of two storeys. Another architectural feature of the house is the Roman Doric doorcase which has the same slightly chequered brickwork as the gables, but has been cemented over. On the rear elevation there is a round brick projecting bay and a flint bay with small blocked windows. Inside the house the half-turn staircase with landings dates from 1726. The stair has Turned attenuated vase at the balusters and shaped tread-ends and a wide swept handrail. There are examples of Rococo plaster and wood decoration. The grade I listing was put on the building in 1954 partly due to the exceptional quality and rarity of Rococo plasterwork to the interior of the house.

Population[edit]

The village and parish covers an area of 6.14 km2 (2.37 sq mi) and had a population of 65 in 24 households at the 2001 census.[4] At the 2011 Census the population remained less than 100 and was included in the civil parish of North Elmham.

Transport[edit]

The nearest railway station is at Wymondham, which is 21 miles south-east (although Norwich is 23 miles and easier to reach by road) of the village and gives access to local services operated by East Midlands Trains and Abellio Greater Anglia on the Breckland Line on the Norwich to Peterborough and Cambridge lines. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (1999). OS Explorer Map 238 - East Dereham & Aylsham. ISBN 0-319-21869-4
  2. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde, Norfolk, Gateley, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  3. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  4. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009.