Gauche caviar ("Caviar left") is a pejorative French term to describe someone who claims to be a socialist while living in a way that contradicts socialist values. The expression is a political neologism dating from the 1980s and implies a degree of hypocrisy. The dictionary Petit Larousse defines left caviar as a pejorative expression for a "Progressivism combined with a taste for society life and its accoutrements".[clarification needed] One description referred to it as "the free-thinking, authority-hating, individualistic, tolerant, socialist position... which shaded into a bohemian, existential, communitarian, fairly depressed" worldview espoused by people with money and good clothes.
The concept is broadly similar to the English Champagne socialist, the American Limousine liberal or latte liberal, the German Salonkommunist, the Italian Radical chic, the Brazilian Portuguese esquerda caviar, the Chilean Spanish red set, and the Danish Kystbanesocialist, referring to well-off coastal neighborhoods north of Copenhagen. Other similar terms in English include Hampstead liberal, liberal elite, chardonnay socialist, smoked salmon socialist and Bollinger Bolshevik.
The term was once prevalent in Parisian circles, applied deprecatingly to those who professed allegiance to the Socialist Party, but who maintained a far from proletarian lifestyle that distinguished them from the working-class base of the French Socialist Party. A more explicit reference identified this group as left-wingers who speak great passion about the plight of the poor while eating caviar in their spectacular Parisian duplex apartment.
The label was also employed by detractors to describe François Mitterrand. This was further reinforced by the fact that several members of his administration were identified as part of the gauche caviar such as Jack Lang, who was the culture minister.
In early 2007, Ségolène Royal was identified with the gauche caviar when it was revealed that she had been avoiding paying taxes. The description damaged her campaign for the French presidency. Similarly French politician Bernard Kouchner and his wife Christine Ockrent have been labelled with the term. However, his appointment as Minister of Foreign Affairs was not hampered by the label. Other supposed members of this gauche caviar include Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the former IMF managing director, and his wife, the journalist Anne Sinclair, heiress to much of the fortune of her maternal grandfather, the art dealer Paul Rosenberg. It is said that around 2015, the gauche caviar supported also the Greek government of SYRIZA and PM Tsipras, "desperate for a new 'anti-imperialist hero' after Hugo Chavez's death".
Similarly, Emmanuel Macron has been accused by opposants to be the archetype of the label, claiming a socialist background all while making right wing policies. Since the beginning of his term, these accusations have participated largely in a growth in his unpopularity.
Regardless of whether gauche caviar is accepted by those given such label, politicians who fit this classification wield power in the French polity. For instance, during the administration of Mitterrand, a number of policies were adopted to avoid offending this group, which included the Gais pour la liberte (Gays for freedom).
- Armchair revolutionary
- Armchair warrior
- Back-seat driver
- Internet petition
- Narcotizing dysfunction
- http://www.larousse.fr : under Caviar: Gauche caviar, gauche dont le progressisme s'allie au goût des mondanités et des situations acquises
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- Boulé, Jean-Pierre (2002). HIV Stories: The Archaeology of AIDS Writing in France, 1985-1988. Liverpool University Press. p. 20. ISBN 0-85323-568-6. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- Raphael-Hernandez, Heike; Paul Gilroy (2004). Blackening Europe: The African American Presence. Routledge. p. 158. ISBN 0-415-94399-X. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
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- Allen, Peter (January 18, 2007). "French Socialist Is Accused Of Failing To Pay Her Taxes". The Daily Telegraph - republished by The New York Sun. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
Segolene Royal, the doyenne of the French left, suffered an embarrassing blow to her image as a presidential candidate yesterday when she was accused of tax dodging. Faced with taunts about being a gauche caviar, the Gallic equivalent of a champagne socialist, she denied being rich, instead claiming that she was just "well-off."
- Sciolino, Elaine (May 18, 2007). "A Surprising Choice for France's Foreign Minister". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
Elegant and dapper, with movie-star looks despite his age, Mr. Kouchner is half of one of France’s leading power couples. His longtime partner, Christine Ockrent, is probably France’s best-known television journalist. They entertain regularly from their grand duplex apartment overlooking the Luxembourg Gardens; they always get the best restaurant tables. They have been tarred with the label "gauche caviar," champagne-and-caviar socialism at its worst.
- Cas Mudde, "SYRIZA: The Failure of the Populist Promise", Springer, 2016, p. 16, 23
- Vinocur, John (June 20, 2006). "Chirac's Potential Heirs Keeping Change Hidden". International Herald Tribune, republished by The New york Times. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- Boule, Jean Pierre (2002). HIV Stories: The Archaeology of AIDS Writing in France, 1985-1988. Cambridge: Liverpool University Press. p. 20. ISBN 0853235686.
- Joffrin, Laurent (2006). Histoire de la gauche caviar. Paris: Éditions Robert Laffont.
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