Gauliga Baden

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Main article: Gauliga
Gauliga Baden
The initial 16 districts of the Gauliga with Baden in light blue at the bottom left hand corner
Country Nazi Germany
State Baden
Gau (from 1934) Gau Baden
Founded 1933
Folded 1945
Replaced by
Level on pyramid Level 1
Domestic cup(s) Tschammerpokal
Last champions VfR Mannheim
(1943-44)

The Gauliga Baden was the highest football league in the German state of Baden from 1933 to 1945. Shortly after the formation of the league, the Nazis reorganised the administrative regions in Germany, and the Gau Baden replaced the state Baden.

Overview[edit]

The league was introduced in 1933 by the Nazi Sports Office, after the Nazi take over of power in Germany and Baden. It replaced the Bezirksliga as the highest level of play in German football competitions.

The Gauliga Baden was established with ten clubs, all from the state of Baden.

The Gauliga replaced as such the Bezirksliga Württemberg-Baden and Bezirksliga Rhein-Saar, the highest leagues in the region until then.

In its first season, the league had ten clubs, playing each other once at home and once away. The league winner qualified for the German championship while the bottom two teams were relegated. The league remained unchanged until the outbreak of World War II.

In this era, the only success to come for a club from Baden was, when the SV Waldhof Mannheim reached the German cup final in 1939, losing to the 1. FC Nuremberg.

In 1939-40, the league played in four different groups with a finals round at the end to determine the Baden champion. The year after, it returned to its old system.

For the 1941-42 season, the Gauliga Baden split into a northern and a southern group with six teams each and a four-team finals round. In 1942-43 it returned to a single, ten-team format. Another change of system for the season after meant 19 clubs in three groups with a three team-finals round.

The imminent collapse of Nazi Germany in 1945 gravely affected all Gauligas and football in Baden ceased in January 1945 with none of the groups having absolved their full program.

With the end of the Nazi era, the Gauligas ceased to exist and the state of Baden found itself sub divided between two allied occupation zones, the French zone in the south and the US zone in the north.

The northern half soon saw the formation of the Oberliga Süd as the highest football league for the US occupation zone, while the south became part of the Oberliga Südwest.

Founding members of the league[edit]

The ten founding members and their positions in the 1932-33 Bezirksliga Württemberg/Baden and Bezirksliga Rhein/Saar season were:[1]

Winners and runners-up of the Gauliga Baden[edit]

The winners and runners-up of the league:[1]

Season Winner Runner-Up
1933–34 SV Waldhof Mannheim VfR Mannheim
1934–35 VfR Mannheim Phönix Karlsruhe
1935–36 SV Waldhof Mannheim 1. FC Pforzheim
1936–37 SV Waldhof Mannheim VfR Mannheim
1937–38 VfR Mannheim 1. FC Pforzheim
1938–39 VfR Mannheim 1. FC Pforzheim
1939–40 SV Waldhof Mannheim VfB Mühlburg
1940–41 VfL Neckarau VfB Mühlburg
1941–42 SV Waldhof Mannheim VfB Mühlburg
1942–43 VfR Mannheim VfTuR Feudenheim
1943–44 VfR Mannheim VfB Mühlburg

Placings in the Gauliga Baden 1933-44[edit]

The complete list of all clubs participating in the league:[1]

Club 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944
SV Waldhof Mannheim 1 4 1 1 3 4 1 3 1 3 5
VfR Mannheim 2 1 4 2 1 1 2 4 4 1 1
Freiburger FC 3 6 8 4 5 3 1 5 2 6 1
Phönix Karlsruhe 1 4 2 10 6 7 4 6 5 10
1. FC Pforzheim 5 7 2 3 2 2 3 8 3 5 3
Karlsruher FV 6 8 3 9 6 5 9 5
VfL Neckarau 7 3 5 6 4 8 4 1 2 8 4
VfB Mühlburg 8 5 6 5 8 5 1 2 1 4 1
Germania Brötzingen 9 6 7 10
SC Freiburg 10 2 6 6
Germania Karlsdorf 9
FC Mannheim 08 10
Amicitia Viernheim 9 5
SV Sandhofen 8 7 9 3 7 3
FC Rastatt 04 10 6 4 9 2
Kehler FV 9
Offenburger FV 10 2
SGK Heidelberg 6
FC Birkenfeld 2 10
VfR Achern 1
FV Lahr 3
Jahn Offenburg 4
FC Gutach 3
FV Emmendingen 4 4
FC Waldkirch 5
VfTuR Feudenheim 5 2 3
SG Plankstadt 6
FV Daxlanden 7 6
SC Käfertal 2
KSG Walldorf 6
VfR Pforzheim 4
KSG Karlsruhe 1 7
Luftwaffen SV Freiburg 2
SpVgg Wiehre 3
Kickers Haslach 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gauliga final tables". f-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 28 February 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Die deutschen Gauligen 1933-45 - Heft 1-3 (German) Tables of the Gauligas 1933-45, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll

External links[edit]