For people with Gaume as a surname, see Gaume (surname).
Gaume is a region in the extreme southeast of Belgium. Situated at a lower altitude than the Ardennes, it borders to the south the french region of Lorraine, to the east the Land of Arlon (in Luxembourgish: Arelerland) and to the north the Belgian part of the Ardennes.
Gaume was part of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg till 1839, the year it was integrated in the newly created Belgian province of Luxembourg.
It is composed of the districts of Chiny, Étalle, Florenville, Habay, Meix-devant-Virton, Musson, Rouvroy, Tintigny and Virton, although some villages in the northern districts are not in Gaume (as Suxy or Hachy).
The unofficial capital of the Gaume region is Virton.
Gaume is a popular destination for tourism in Belgium.
The Lorrain language, a langue d'oïl distinct from the Walloon language, is a minority idiom in Gaume where it is known as Gaumais. Although it is in decline, several local authors are trying to revive its usage. Lorrain is recognised as a regional language of Wallonia.
The Semois river near Florenville
- Font-de-Gaume, a cave in Dordogne, France
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