Gauribidanur

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Gauribidanuru
city
Gauribidanuru is located in Karnataka
Gauribidanuru
Gauribidanuru
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°36′40″N 77°31′00″E / 13.61111°N 77.51667°E / 13.61111; 77.51667Coordinates: 13°36′40″N 77°31′00″E / 13.61111°N 77.51667°E / 13.61111; 77.51667
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Chikballapur
Elevation 694 m (2,277 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 80,673
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 561208
Vehicle registration KA 40
Lok Sabha constituency Chikballapur (Lok Sabha constituency)
Website http://www.gowribidanurtown.mrc.gov.in/

Gauribidanur is a historical town in Kolar district, now a part of Chikballapur district in the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is about 75 km from Bangalore, and 25 km from the education hub of Muddenahalli-Kanivenarayanapura. Along with the native language of Kannada, the other languages of Telugu and Urdu are spoken since the town borders the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

History[edit]

The name Gauribidanur is derived from Gowri (a Hindu goddess) and Bidanur. Some other sources indicate the name Gauribidanur could have originated from the terms ghori (grave) and bidanur (a common name for towns in the old Mysore state). It has been said that Tipu Sultan had some of his soldiers buried here. A mosque built by him stands with some old graves.

Vidurashwatha an important pilgrim centre which is 6 km from Gauribidanur, is also in this taluk. This place is also known as the second Jallianwallahbagh or Karnataka's Jallianwallahbagh of Indian freedom struggle, as there was a police firing on a peaceful congregation of people on the river banks of Uttara Pinakini where many died. Viduraswatha is the last railway station before entering Andhra Pradesh in the Bangalore-Hyderabad railway line. It lies on the National Highway 234 (Mangalore-Villupuram).[2]

Geography[edit]

Gauribidanur is at 13°37′N 77°31′E / 13.61°N 77.52°E / 13.61; 77.52.[3] It has an average elevation of 694 metres (2276 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Gauribidanur had a population of 80,673. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gauribidanur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 67%. In Gauribidanur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Assembly constituency[edit]

Gauribidanur is an assembly constituency in Chikkaballapur dist.

Notable people[edit]


Sri. N.C. Nagaiah Reddy, from H. Nagasandra village near Vidurashwatha was a freedom fighter. He was imprisoned by the British and lodged in Central Prison Bangalore and Bellary prison during the Indian Freedom Struggle. He was later elected as M.L.A. from the Gowribidanur constituency. He contested for the post of Mysore State Congress President and lost to Sri. S. Nijalingappa who later became Chief Minister of Mysore.

References[edit]

External links[edit]