Gaurishankar Conservation Area
|Gaurishankar Conservation Area|
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
View of Gaurishankar
|Area||2,179 km2 (841 sq mi)|
|Established||11 January 2010|
|Governing body||Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Ministry of Forests|
Gaurishankar Conservation Area is a protected area in the Himalayas of Nepal that has been established in January 2010, covering 2,179 km2 (841 sq mi) in the Ramechhap, Dolakha and Sindhupalchok districts and encompassing 22 Village Development Committees. It is contiguous with Tibet in the north. The protected area connects the Langtang and Sagarmatha National Parks. The Government of Nepal handed over the management of Gaurishankar Conservation Area to National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) for 20 years in 2010. Following the models of Annapurna and Manaslu Conservation Areas, NTNC has been managing the area through its Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project.
In January 2010, the Federation of Community Forest Users, Nepal expressed its disagreement against the decision to establish a conservation area and formed a National Struggle Committee to launch a campaign against the declaration, demanding that the community people should obtain management responsibility of the protected area.
Conservation Area Boundary
The Gaurishankar Conservation Area encompasses 22 VDCs, covering three districts. In Ramechhap, it includes the Chuchure and Gumdel VDCs. The Shyama, Suri, Chankhu, Marbu, Khare, Orang, Bulung, Laduk, Chilankha, Aalampu, Bigu, Kalinchok, Lamabagar and Gaurishankar VDCs of Dolakha also fall within its boundaries. And six VDCs of the Sindhupalchok District - Ghorthali, Marming, Listikot, Tatopani, Fulpingkatti and Gumba - are now part of the conservation area.
Flora and Fauna
The Gaurishankar Conservation Area is rich in bio-diversity. A total of 16 varieties of vegetation have been identified in the area, including forests of Pinus roxburghii, Schima-Castanopsis, Alnus, Pinus wallichiana, Pinus patula, Rhododendron, Quercus lanata and Temperate mountain oak forest.
A total of 235 species of birds have been recorded from the Gaurishankar Conservation Area.
The conservation area also has 14 snake species, 16 species of fish, 10 types of amphibians and 8 lizard species.
Kalinchowk Bhagwati Shrine
There is a famous shrine of the Kalinchowk Bhagwati in Kuri village in the Kalinchowk VDC. It is a famous pilgrimage site for Hindus.
- NTNC (2010). Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project. National Trust for Nature Conservation, Nepal.
- Bhuju, U.R., Shakya, P.R., Basnet, T.B., Shrestha, S. (2007). Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book. Protected Areas, Ramsar Sites, and World Heritage Sites. Archived July 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, in cooperation with United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Kathmandu, Nepal. ISBN 978-92-9115-033-5
- World Wildlife Fund (2012). "Nepal REDD+ Readiness" (PDF). WWF Nepal.
- Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (2014). "Gaurishankar Conservation Area". Government of Nepal.
- Fecofun (2010) An update on FECOFON's Movement against Gaurishankar Conservation Area Declaration Federation of Community Forest Users, Nepal
- "Gaurishankar: New Conservation Area Under NTNC Management". National Trust for Nature Conservation. Retrieved 22 February 2013.