The site was originally established in the 12th century by the Cistercians as a grange of the nearby Fontfroide Abbey. Fontfroide was dissolved and its buildings and assets, including the grange at Gaussan, were sold off in 1791 during the French Revolution.
During the later 19th and 20th centuries the buildings were refurbished by the proprietor, Charles Lambert de Sainte Croix, who also developed the land for viticulture
It became an abbey in 2004.
The monks also produce wine.
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