Gaustad Hospital (Norwegian: Gaustad sykehus) is a psychiatric hospital in the neighborhood of Gaustad in Oslo, Norway. Founded in 1855, it is Norway's oldest purpose-built psychiatric hospital. It opened as the nation's first insane asylum designed according to the guidelines in the Insane Act of 1848 (Sinnssykeloven). The facility was planned by Herman Wedel Major, based on the model of foreign institutions, and the building complex was designed by architect Heinrich Ernst Schirmer.
During the occupation of Norway in 1940-1945, the hospital's workers, knowing German soldiers would send their patients to concentration camps, devised a plan to save them. For months, they collected urine in buckets. When the day came that the soldiers knocked on the door, they threw the urine on every radiator and heater, creating a tremendous stink. The soldiers left and didn't return, and the patients's lives were saved.
The hospital was owned by the State until it was taken over by the City of Oslo in 1985. Since 1996, Gaustad Hospital been part of Aker University Hospital; and since January 2009, Aker University Hospital has been part of Oslo University Hospital, a subsidiary of the Southern and Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority.
- Svein Atle Skålevåg. "Gaustad sykehus". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Svein Atle Skålevåg. "Sinnssykeasyl". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Svein Atle Skålevåg. "Herman Wedel Major". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Oslo University Hospital (2009). "Om oss" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 11 March 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2009.
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