Gautier, Mississippi

Coordinates: 30°22′54″N 88°38′39″W / 30.38167°N 88.64417°W / 30.38167; -88.64417
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Gautier, Mississippi
City Gautier (Go Chay)
Location of Gautier, Mississippi
Location of Gautier, Mississippi
Gautier, Mississippi is located in the United States
Gautier, Mississippi
Gautier, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°22′54″N 88°38′39″W / 30.38167°N 88.64417°W / 30.38167; -88.64417
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyJackson
Area
 • Total32.12 sq mi (83.20 km2)
 • Land30.26 sq mi (78.37 km2)
 • Water1.86 sq mi (4.83 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total19,024
 • Density628.75/sq mi (242.76/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39553
Area code228
FIPS code28-26860
GNIS feature ID0670341
Websitewww.gautier-ms.gov

Gautier (/ˈɡʃ/ GOH-SHAY) is a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States, along the Gulf of Mexico west of Pascagoula. It is part of the Pascagoula Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 18,572 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 11,681 at the 2000 census. In 2002, Gautier had annexed land more than doubling its area.[3]

Gautier is a bedroom resort community surrounded by bayous and wetlands on three sides. The natural environment of Gautier offers many opportunities for recreation and eco-tourism. The Gulf Coast region, of which Gautier is a part, has been considered a relatively high growth area of the state; however, the loss of houses and jobs after Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005 led to outmigration in 2006.

History[edit]

The town takes its name from the Gautier family that originated in Lyon, France. Fernando Upton Gautier (1822–1891) was born on a cargo ship as his parents were emigrating to New Orleans. In 1867, Gautier established a spacious homestead[4] at the mouth of the Pascagoula River, which still stands. He established a lucrative sawmill business in the area, and the town grew up from it. The home, known by locals as "The Old Place", is owned by the descendants of Fernando Upton Gautier and his wife, Theresa Fayard Gautier (1828–1911),[4] and is used for private and public events.

Geography[edit]

Gautier is located in southern Jackson County along Mississippi Sound of the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the West Pascagoula River, locally known as the "Singing River".[5] The city is bordered to the east by the city of Pascagoula (the Jackson county seat) and to the west by Ocean Springs, and to the north by unincorporated Vancleave.

U.S. Route 90 passes through the center of Gautier, leading east 4 miles (6 km) into Pascagoula and 13 miles (21 km) to Ocean Springs. Interstate 10 passes through the northern part of the city limits, with access from Exit 57 (Mississippi Highway 57) and Exit 61 (Gautier Vancleave Road). I-10 leads west 30 miles (48 km) to the Gulfport area and east 42 miles (68 km) to Mobile, Alabama.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Gautier has a total area of 32.1 square miles (83.2 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.3 km2) are land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), or 5.90%, are water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19702,087
19808,917327.3%
199010,08813.1%
200011,68115.8%
201018,57259.0%
202019,0242.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
Gautier (right center) is east of Ocean Springs and west of Pascagoula, off U.S. Route 90, along the Gulf of Mexico.
Gautier racial composition as of 2020[7]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 10,084 53.01%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,828 30.63%
Native American 105 0.55%
Asian 268 1.41%
Pacific Islander 23 0.12%
Other/Mixed 844 4.44%
Hispanic or Latino 1,872 9.84%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 19,024 people, 7,013 households, and 4,577 families residing in the city.

Government[edit]

The city of Gautier has had a City Manager-Council organizational structure since 1987. Although Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005 slowed growth, the population of Gautier is expected to grow at a steady rate during the coming decades. The socio-economic demographics of the city is similar to that of Jackson County in terms of income, age, gender and education, although Gautier has a higher rate of college-educated persons. The income and employment of residents benefits greatly from the proximity of strong employment centers in Jackson County.

Education[edit]

Most of Gautier is served by the Pascagoula-Gautier School District. Portions are in the Jackson County School District and in the Ocean Springs School District.[8]

The main secondary school in the city, of the Pascagoula-Gautier district, is Gautier High School, whose doors opened in 1996 and which was awarded blue ribbon status by the Department of Education in 2005. The city is also served by Gautier Middle School, Singing River Academy, and three elementary schools.

The Jackson County Campus of Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College is located in Gautier, as one of four campuses of the community college.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Gautier city, Mississippi". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  3. ^ City of Gautier Comprehensive Plan 2030 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, City of Gautier Planning Commission (2009), pages 3, 25.
  4. ^ a b "Ocean Springs Archives by Ray L. Bellande" (2006) web: OS-Archives Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "The Pascagoula - Mississippi's Singing River". exploresouthernhistory.com. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  6. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  8. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Jackson County, MS" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-08-01. Retrieved 2022-07-31. - Text list
  9. ^ Jones, Chris. "Walter Inglis Anderson". Mississippi Writers and Musicians. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  10. ^ Clay, Patrick (March 15, 2019). "Saints sign Gautier native Mario Edwards Jr". WLOX. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  11. ^ Rockwell, Curtis (March 17, 2015). "College basketball: Gautier's Aaron Jones and Ole Miss tip-off NCAA Tournament Tuesday night". gulflive.com. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  12. ^ "MS Gulf Coast Blues & Heritage Festival". Mississippi Blues Trail. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  13. ^ Schmadtke, Alan (September 30, 1993). "FSU'S MCCORVEY HAS RIGHT MOVES". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  14. ^ "John Read's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 18 September 2021.

External links[edit]