Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple

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Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple
A trident outside Gavigangadareswara temple in Bangalore.jpg
A Trident of Lord Shiva outside the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple at Bangalore.
DeityShiva as Gavi Gangadhareshwara
FestivalsMaha Shivaratri, Makara Sankranti
Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple is located in Bengaluru
Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple
Location within Bangalore
Geographic coordinates12°56′53.5″N 77°33′46.8″E / 12.948194°N 77.563000°E / 12.948194; 77.563000Coordinates: 12°56′53.5″N 77°33′46.8″E / 12.948194°N 77.563000°E / 12.948194; 77.563000
TypeIndian rock-cut architecture
Completed16th century AD

Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple also Gavipuram Cave Temple, an example of Indian rock-cut architecture, is located in Bangalore in the state of Karnataka in India. The temple is famous for its mysterious stone discs in the forecourt and the exact planning allowing the sun to shine on shrine in certain time of the year. It was built in the 16th-century by Kempe Gowda I, the founder of the city.[1]


This cave temple dedicated to Shiva in Bengaluru is a well visited temple. Built in the 16th century AD by Kempe Gowda, the founder of Bengaluru, Temple Gavi Gangadhareshwara is an architectural marvel that attracts the faithful by the hordes. One of the oldest temples in Bengaluru, Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple was built by Kempe Gowda in recognition after being released from prison of five years by Rama Raya. There are other idols inside idol Agnimurthi including having two heads, seven hands and three legs. Those who worship this deity believe will cure one of the defects of the eye. The temple is also known for its four monolithic pillars, representing Damaru, Trishul and two fans on the patio.

Built in a natural cave in Gavipuram, the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and cut into a monolithic stone. The courtyard of the temple here contains several monolithic sculptures. The main attractions of Gavi Gangadhareshvara temple are two granite pillars that support the giant disk of the sun and moon, while the other two have a number of Nandi at the top.

On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, temple witnesses a unique phenomenon in the evening sunlight passes through an arc between the horns of Nandi and falls directly on the linga inside the cave and illuminating the interior idol.[2]

Illumination of shrine by the Sun[edit]

Thousands of devotees come in mid January every year on Makar sankranti Day to this cave temple. This is a special day when the sunrays fall on the Shivalinga for one hour as it passes between the horns of the Nandi. Comparison of contemporary structures and earlier drawings by Thomas Daniell and William Daniell show that earlier the temple has less structures and the Sun illuminated the shrine in summer and winter solstice.[3] Also today the Sun illuminates Shivalinga two times per year - from 13 to 16 January in late afternoons and from 26 November to 2 December.

Protected temple[edit]

The temple shrine is a protected monument under the Karnataka Ancient and Historical Monuments, and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1961.[4] and many more temples which are of great importance for the Indian culture


People believe that there is a tunnel which may lead to Kashi. However there are no sources to support this.

Nearby holy places[edit]

  • Gosaayi Math
  • Just behind the temple of Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple, there is a samadhi of a great yogi called Bet Narayan Maharaj.
  • Sri Bande Mahakali Temple


Vintage Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Shastry, Vyasa (25 February 2017). "The mysteries of Bengaluru's famed Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple". Livemint. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple at Bangalore(Karnataka)". Retrieved 13 September 2006.
  3. ^ "Astronomical Significance of the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple in Bangalore" (PDF). Current Science, Vol.95, No. 11, 10 December 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple, Bangalore".

Further reading[edit]

  • Hardy, Adam. Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation. New Delhi. ISBN 8170173124.

External links[edit]