Gavin Andresen on the centre stage during Day 3 of the 2014 Web Summit
|Residence||Amherst, Massachusetts, USA|
|Other names||Gavin Bell|
|Alma mater||Princeton University|
|Known for||Bitcoin, software|
Originally a developer of 3D graphics and virtual reality software, he became involved in developing products for the bitcoin market in 2010, and was declared by Satoshi Nakamoto as the lead developer of the reference implementation for bitcoin client software after Satoshi Nakamoto had announced his departure. In 2012 he founded the Bitcoin Foundation to support and nurture the development of the bitcoin currency, and by 2014 left his software development role to concentrate on his work with the Foundation.
Andresen graduated from Princeton University in 1988. He began his career working on 3D graphics software at Silicon Graphics Computer Systems. In 1996, he co-authored the VRML 2.0 specification, and later published a reference manual for VRML 2.0.
Since leaving Silicon Valley in 1996, Andresen has tackled a wide variety of software-related ventures, including CTO of an early voice-over-the-Internet startup and co-founder of a company that made multiplayer online games for blind people and their sighted friends.
Andresen was the lead developer for a part of the bitcoin digital currency project, working to create a secure, stable "cash for the Internet." Andresen discovered bitcoin in 2010, quickly recognising the brilliance of its design. Soon after he created a website named The Bitcoin Faucet which gave away bitcoin. In April 2011, Forbes quoted Andresen as saying, "Bitcoin is designed to bring us back to a decentralized currency of the people," and "this is like better gold than gold." After joining the developers contributing to Bitcoin along with Satoshi Nakamoto, he went on to become lead developer of the client software for the bitcoin network which is now known as Bitcoin Core. He stepped back as lead maintainer in 2014.
Andresen also created ClearCoin, an escrow-type of service, which was closed on about June 23, 2011. After several years working on the software, Andresen left the role of lead developer of bitcoin to work on the strategic development of its technology. He conceived of the Bitcoin Foundation which became reality in 2012.
Andresen has not contributed to Bitcoin Core since February 2016. He had become critical of the failure of bitcoin developers to increase network capacity, and helped put together Bitcoin XT as alternative software. His commit access to Bitcoin Core on GitHub was revoked in May 2016 after stating Wright is Satoshi Nakamoto. In November 2017, Andresen expressed support for rival currency Bitcoin Cash, stating "Bitcoin Cash is what I started working on in 2010".
- Simonite, Tom (15 August 2014). "The Man Who Really Built Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Popper, Nathaniel (2016-01-14). "A Bitcoin Believer's Crisis of Faith". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
- "VRML 2.0".
- "The Annotated VRML 2.0 Reference Manual".
- "Crypto Currency". Forbes. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Davies, Caroline; Safi, Michael (2016-05-02). "Craig Wright: scepticism surrounds bitcoin inventor's identification". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- Mullin, Joe (2016-05-04). "Craig Wright promises "extraordinary proof" that he is Satoshi, coming soon". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
- "Satoshi". 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- HAL 90210 (2016-05-06). "Bitcoin project blocks out Gavin Andresen over Satoshi Nakamoto claims". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- Lee, Timothy B. (2017-11-12). "Bitcoin rival doubles in price in four days as Bitcoin price slumps". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2019-06-13.