Gawler railway line

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Gawler railway line
GawlerCentralRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Adelaide, South Australia
Termini Adelaide
Gawler Central
Stations 27
Operation
Opened
  • 1857 (to Gawler)
  • 1911 (to Gawler Central)
Operator(s) Adelaide Metro
Rolling stock 3000/3100 class
Events
Re-sleepered
(concrete)
  • June–September 2010 (to Mawson)
  • September 2011–March 2012 (to Gawler Central)
Electrified Works to commence 2018
Technical
Line length 42.2 km (26.2 mi)
Number of tracks
  • 2 (to Gawler)
  • 1 (to Gawler Central)
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Route map
BSicon STRq.svg Broad gauge, BSicon uSTRq.svg Standard gauge (freight or tram)
(GWA)
Edith Street
Murray Street
42.2 km
Gawler Central
Bridge Street
Howard Street
Victoria Terrace
41.4 km
Gawler Oval
(GWA)
Overway Bridge Road
39.8 km
Gawler Aiga bus trans.svg
Gawler Depot
39.3 km
Gawler Racecourse
Race days only
Barnet Road
Para Road
38.3 km
Evanston
Sturt Highway
Tambelin (original; closed 1986)
Clark Road
37.4 km
Tambelin
34.1 km
Kudla
Dalkeith Road
Munno Para (original; closed 2012)
32.2 km
Munno Para Aiga bus trans.svg
Curtis Road
Anderson Walk
30.2 km
Smithfield Aiga bus trans.svg
Munitions Store
28.2 km
Broadmeadows
Womma Road
27.3 km
Womma
Winterslow Road
25.8 km
Elizabeth Aiga bus trans.svg
24.0 km
Elizabeth South
GMH Elizabeth (closed 1992)
Tugger Way (private road)
21.6 km
Nurlutta (to Gawler)
Commercial Road
21.5 km
Nurlutta (to Adelaide)
Penfield line (closed 1991)
Salisbury Highway
20.2 km
Salisbury Aiga bus trans.svg
Park Terrace
18.6 km
Chidda
Kings Road
Australian Alphanumeric State Route A18.svg
17.7 km
Parafield
16.6 km
Parafield Gardens
15.5 km
Greenfields
Elder Smith Road
14.3 km
Mawson Lakes Aiga bus trans.svg
Mawson Lakes Freight Loop
Port Wakefield Road
Dry Creek Depot
formerly Northfield line
10.6 km
Dry Creek
Cormack Road
Grand Junction Road
6.0 km
Tube Mills
Private freight terminal (disused)
7.7 km
Kilburn
Pacific National Freight Terminal
Islington Works (closed 2000)
Regency Road
6.0 km
Islington
Pym Street
4.9 km
Dudley Park
Belford Avenue
3.6 km
Ovingham Aiga bus trans.svg
Torrens Road
Hawker Street
City Ring Route, Adelaide
2.5 km
North Adelaide
City West
Montefiore Road
0 km
Adelaide BSicon TRAM.svg Aiga bus trans.svg

The Gawler railway line (also known as the Gawler Central railway line) is a suburban commuter railway line in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It is the only rail route in Adelaide to have no interchange with another line at any station except Adelaide.

History[edit]

Gawler Central station, one of two terminus stations in the town of Gawler
Elizabeth Interchange before its upgrade in 2011/12
Salisbury Interchange, one of the 3 busiest stations on the entire network
Mawson Interchange station, opened in early 2006

The line was opened in 1857 from Adelaide to Gawler,[1][2] and extended to Kapunda in 1860. Branches were later built from Gawler to termini in Angaston, Truro, Morgan, Robertstown, Peterborough, Spalding and Gladstone. Between Adelaide and Salisbury, the two broad gauge lines are paralleled by one standard gauge line on the Adelaide to Port Augusta line. A little north of Salisbury the standard gauge line heads north-west, and from Salisbury to Gawler there are two broad gauge tracks, with a single broad gauge track north of Gawler.

South of Gawler, there were branches to the Holden factory at Elizabeth South, the Penfield railway line which serviced the former munitions factory and other Defence facilities in the area now called Edinburgh, and the Port Pirie line which also branched from the Gawler line at Salisbury railway station until it was converted to standard gauge with a new track laid alongside the broad gauge tracks. Prior to 1987, at Dry Creek, the Dry Creek-Port Adelaide railway line branched west, and the Northfield railway line used to branch east.

Renewal[edit]

In 2008, the State Government announced a plan to rebuild the Gawler line in preparation for the line to be electrified with the Federal Government also to provide funding.[3] This work saw the track removed, and the track bed, sleepers and track renewed. Dual gauge sleepers were laid to allow for the line to be converted to standard gauge at a future date. The line was closed between North Adelaide and Mawson Interchange for four months from June 2010 for this work to be performed, and between Mawson Interchange and Gawler Central station for seven months from September 2011.[4][5][6]

On 6 February 2011, a new Adelaide Metro railcar depot opened to the east of Dry Creek station to replace the facility behind the new Royal Adelaide Hospital site and Adelaide station.[7] The depot is the major maintenance and re-fuelling facility for the 2000 and 3000 class diesel fleets, with capacity to store 70 railcars with over 11 kilometres of track. The depot has been designed to allow future conversion to support electric rollingstock.

The last freight service on the line was the Penrice Stone Train which operated to Penrice until June 2014.[8] Since 2015 the line has been served by Adelaide Metro services using 3000 class railcars operating from Adelaide station to Gawler Central station;[9] the 2000 class railcars were retired in August 2015.[10]

Following the withdrawal of the Federal Government funding, the electrification was postponed in October 2013.[11] In June 2014, it was announced that the electrification of the line as far as Salisbury will commence in 2018.[12] In 2017, the Gawler line between Adelaide and Mawson Lakes was closed along with the Outer Harbor and Grange lines during April, June, July, and August to work on the Torrens Rail Junction Project in Bowden.[13][14][15][16] In mid-September 2017 it was announced that from 1 to 15 October the Gawler and Outer Harbor lines line would be closed for major works to build a rail underpass at Park Terrace, Bowden.[17]

Route[edit]

The line runs from Adelaide station north via Prospect, Mawson Lakes, Salisbury, Elizabeth and Smithfield to the town Gawler on the outer northern metropolitan fringe. The line is 42.2 kilometres (26.2 mi) in length and is currently the longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines. Like the rest of the Adelaide suburban passenger rail network, the line is 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad gauge for its entire length. The Australian Rail Track Corporation's standard gauge Adelaide to Port Augusta line runs parallel to the route from the Adelaide Gaol triangle to Salisbury, then turns north west towards Virginia.

Line guide[edit]

BSicon PARKING.svg Parking /Ic local parking 48px.svg Park ‘n’ Ride / link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg Hi Frequency

Station Image Opened Additional information
Gawler Central Ic local parking 48px.svg GawlerCentralRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1911 Terminus
  • Bus transfer: N224 491
Gawler Oval GawlerOvalRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg ?
Gawler Ic local parking 48px.svglink=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg GawlerStationAdelaide.jpg 1857 Terminus
  • Bus transfer: 491 492a 492c 493 494
Gawler Racecourse GawlerRacecourseRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1913 Race days only
Evanston ?
Tambelin BSicon PARKING.svg ?
Kudia Kudla station 2.jpg 1959
Munno Para Ic local parking 48px.svg 1978 Bus transfer: 440
Smithfield Ic local parking 48px.svg Smithfield Interchange.jpeg 1857 Interchange
  • Bus transfer: 228 T228 441 442
Broadmeadows BSicon PARKING.svg 1950s Opened as Elizabeth North, renamed in 1961
Womma BSicon PARKING.svg 1950
Elizabeth Ic local parking 48px.svglink=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg ElizabethTrainStation02042012.jpg 1960 Interchange
  • Bus transfer: 224 400 430 440 441 442 443 451 452 500 560 900 C1
Elizabeth South BSicon PARKING.svg ElizabethSouthRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1955
Nurlutta Nurlutta Train Station.jpg 1950
Salisbury Ic local parking 48px.svglink=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg Salisbury Interchange 1.jpg 1857-06 Interchange
  • Bus transfer: 225 400 401 403 404 405 411 415 421 430 502 N502 900
Chidda BSicon PARKING.svg ?
Parafield BSicon PARKING.svg link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg 1928
Parafield Gardens BSicon PARKING.svg ParafieldGardensRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1968-05-01
Greenfields BSicon PARKING.svg GreenfieldsRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1969 Opened as Green Fields, renamed later
Mawson Interchange Ic local parking 48px.svglink=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg Mawson Interchange N.jpg 2006-02-26 Interchange
  • Bus transfer: 222 225 411 501 565
Dry Creek BSicon PARKING.svg DryCreekRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1856
Kilburn BSicon PARKING.svg Kilburn Railway Station.jpg 1915
Islington BSicon PARKING.svg link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H sign font awesome.svg IslingtonRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg ? Bus transfer: 300
Dudley Park BSicon PARKING.svg DudleyParkRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1915
Ovingham OvinghamRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1880s
North Adelaide BSicon PARKING.svg North Adelaide Railway Station, Adelaide.JPG 1857 Peak hours only
Adelaide TransAdelaide 3000 class railcar at Adelaide station.jpg 1856-04 Transfer: Belair, Outer Harbor, Seaford, Tonsley lines

Services[edit]

Commuter[edit]

All suburban rail passenger services are operated by Adelaide Metro. On 28 April 2008, new timetables were introduced on the Gawler line in an effort to boost efficiency. Shorter secondary services that terminated at Dry Creek and Salisbury were withdrawn, new limited express services were introduced, and a new Hi-Frequency station policy adopted.[9] Nearly all services either start or terminate their journey at Gawler or Gawler Central stations, apart from a morning peak express service that commences its journey at Salisbury.[9]

Under this policy, the Hi-Frequency stations (Islington, Mawson Interchange, Parafield, Salisbury, Elizabeth, Smithfield, Tambelin and Gawler) have services every 15 minutes, while all other stations have a 30-minute service. This is in addition to several peak hour express services that stop only at selected Hi-Frequency stations.[9]

Weekend services operate with 30 minute frequency, and every second train runs express between Adelaide and Dry Creek using 3000 class railcars. Evening/Night services are hourly and stop at all stations with the exception of North Adelaide.[9] Until April 2008, most services along the line were operated by 3000 class railcars. However, with the introduction of the new timetable, 2000 class railcars became more frequent, especially during peak hour.

Freight[edit]

Freight is still a major factor along this transport corridor, with the Australian Rail Track Corporation's standard gauge Adelaide to Port Augusta line running parallel to the broad gauge track between Adelaide and Salisbury. Since 1984, this line has been standard gauge and had no interface with the suburban lines. Aurizon, Genesee & Wyoming Australia, Pacific National, SCT Logistics, and Great Southern Rail operate services via the line, with the latter operating The Ghan and Indian Pacific passenger trains along this section. Until 2007, grain trains operated from Roseworthy to Port Adelaide. The last freight service on the Gawler line was the Penrice Stone Train which operated to Penrice until it ceased operating in June 2014.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bassett Town & the Railway Town of Gawler
  2. ^ "Place ID 6072". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. 
  3. ^ 2008/09 State Budget South Australian Department of Treasury & Finance June 2008
  4. ^ Gawler Line Reconstruction Coleman Rail
  5. ^ Gawler Line timetable Adelaide Metro
  6. ^ Rail Revitalisation Gawler Line Department for Transport, Energy & Infrastructure
  7. ^ Railcar Depot Relocation Archived 13 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure
  8. ^ a b Penrice soda ash plant at Osborne closing ABC News 25 June 2014
  9. ^ a b c d e Gawler timetable Archived 10 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Adelaide Metro, 4 February 2013
  10. ^ "Limited life for 2000 class Jumbo railcars" Railway Digest January 2015 page 20
  11. ^ Federal Government pulls plug on $76m Gawler Line electrification Adelaide Advertiser 24 October 2013
  12. ^ Rail Revitalisation Gawler Line Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure
  13. ^ Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler rail line closures
  14. ^ Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler train lines temporary closures June long weekend
  15. ^ Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler line July closure
  16. ^ Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler rail line closures August 2017
  17. ^ Miles Kemp (13 September 2017). "Major disruption to Outer Harbor and Gawler train lines as work starts on Park Tce underpass". The Advertiser. news.com.au. 

External links[edit]