Gay Apostolic Pentecostals

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Gay Apostolic Pentecostals are people who adhere to the beliefs and theology of the Oneness Pentecostal churches, but who identify as LGBT. Gay Apostolic Pentecostals first began to organize separately from mainline Apostolic churches in 1980 in Schenectady, NY.[1][2]


The movement to create gay-affirming churches had begun in 1968 with the founding of the Metropolitan Community Church.[3]

NGPA and ARM[edit]

The movement to create LGBT-affirming Apostolic or Oneness Pentecostal churches began in 1980 in the city of Schenectady, New York.[4] The founder of the affirming Apostolic movement, Reverend William H. Carey, envisioned an international network of affirming Apostolic churches, including the more fundamentalist theology inherent with such churches. He began what was known as the National Gay Pentecostal Alliance (NGPA). The organization opened its first church in Omaha, Nebraska in 1981. The first three ministers were Carey, E. Samuel Stafford, and Frances Cervantes.[5]

Although NGPA was an Apostolic (Oneness) Pentecostal organization, due to the lack of affirming Trinitarian Pentecostal churches, NGPA originally welcomed all affirming Pentecostals to belong to their churches.[2] Once Trinitarian Pentecostals began to organize their own churches, NGPA became fully Apostolic.[1][2]

The Apostolic Intercessory Ministries (AIM) was formed in 1999 by Rev. Margaret Lewis, Rev. Phildora Prigmore, and Rev. Donald Rollins. This offshoot of the NGPA was organized to help establish new churches.[6] In August 2003, AIM officially joined with the NGPA under the new name Apostolic Restoration Mission (ARM). AIM retained its name as a discrete mission within the ARM organization.[6]


The Fellowship of Reconciling Pentecostals International (FRPI) got its start in 1998 in Little Rock, Arkansas with a meeting of five Apostolic ministers who were interested in forming an affirming Pentecostal ministry. Following a second meeting in Fall 1999 in Tampa, Florida, two of the ministers, Douglas E. Clanton and Robert L. Morgan, officially organized the FRPI in Tampa in June 2000.[7] The organization was incorporated in 2003,[8] and is currently headquartered in LaPorte, Indiana. The FRPI is affiliated with seven churches in the US and the Philippines.[9]


About the same time the FRPI was being formed, another organization was coming together in Atlanta, Georgia. The Covenant Network was initially formed in 1998 by Randy and Johnny Layton-Morgan.[10] The Covenant Network is currently affiliated with 18 churches and a variety of missions in the US, Australia, and South Africa.[11]


The Global Alliance of Affirming Apostolic Pentecostals (GAAAP) was formed in 2007 in Tampa, Florida. In March 2010, ARM merged with the larger GAAAP under the GAAAP name. At their 2011 annual conference, the alliance reformed under a new Constitution and Bylaws and consecrated their first Presiding Bishop and Assistant Bishop. GAAAP currently has ministries in four countries.[12]


The Affirming Pentecostal Church International has 32 churches in the US and ministries in 24 countries.[13]


Since God called Rev. William H. Carey to found the Apostolic Institute of Ministry in 1981, students from across the United States and around the world have been enrolled in his enlightened classes. Now called Affirming Institutes of Ministry, the time honored tradition continues in our online courses for ministers, future ministers, and students of the Word under Rev.Gem Embrey. [14]


LGBT-affirming Apostolic Pentecostals share the same basic doctrinal beliefs as other Apostolic (Oneness) Pentecostals. These include the Oneness of God, the plan of salvation consisting of repentance, water baptism by immersion in Jesus' name for the forgiveness of sins, and receiving the infilling of the Holy Ghost with the initial evidence of speaking in other tongues. One major area of difference is the belief that homosexuality is not sinful, and that God blesses same-sex marriage.[15][16][17] Affirming Apostolics maintain that scripture in the original languages did not condemn homosexuality, but did record same-sex marriage.[18][19][20] This view is disputed by mainline Apostolics, who view homosexuality as sinful and satanic in origin.[21]


  1. ^ a b Comstock, Gary David (1996). Unrepentant, Self-Affirming, Practicing. Continuum. p. 74. ISBN 978-0826414298. 
  2. ^ a b c 20th Century Pentecostal History, part of the Ministerial Training Course of the Apostolic Institute of Ministry (AIM). AIM is the educational division of the Affirming Pentecostal Church.
  3. ^ Bickle, Mike (2014). "Can Christians Be Gay?". Charisma Magazine. Charisma Media. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 
  4. ^ Newspaper Enterprises (1983). The World Almanac and Book of Facts: 1984. Doubleday. p. 353. ISBN 978-0385189989. 
  5. ^ Claude J. Summers (ed.) (2011). "Affirming Apostolic Organizations". glbtq, Inc. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  6. ^ a b "Apostolic Restoration Mission: Church History". Apostolic Restoration Mission. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 
  7. ^ "Fellowship of Reconciling Pentecostals International". RFPI. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 
  8. ^ "Arizona Corporation Commission". Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  9. ^ "FRPI Directory of Ministers and Churches". Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  10. ^ "Covenant Network: About Us". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  11. ^ "Covenant Network Churches". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  12. ^ "Our History". GAAAP. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 
  13. ^ "APCI Directory". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  14. ^ Cite web []
  15. ^ "Our Faith". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  16. ^ "Statement of Faith". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  17. ^ "Beliefs". Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  18. ^ "Hope Remains: Homosexuality and the Bible". 2007. Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  19. ^ Carey, William H. (2013). Gay and Christian? Yes!. Lighthouse Ministries. pp. 1–70. ISBN 9781257259571. 
  20. ^ Pennington, Sylvia (1985). Good News for Modern Gays: A Pro-Gay Biblical Approach. Lambda Lite Productions. pp. 1–214. ISBN 978-9996558696. 
  21. ^ "Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ Articles of Faith and General Constitution" (PDF). ALJC. 14. Retrieved 2014-10-30.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°08′02″N 86°13′31″W / 40.133865°N 86.225188°W / 40.133865; -86.225188