Gaya–Mughalsarai section

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Gaya–Mughalsarai section
including Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar-Barkakana branch lines
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh
Termini Gaya
Mughalsarai
Stations 31
Operation
Opened 1907
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) East Central Railway
Technical
Line length 197 km (122 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad Gauge
Electrification 1962
Operating speed up to 160 km/h (99 mph)
Gaya–Mughalsarai Section
km
km
 
 
to Mughalsarai–Kanpur section
Up arrow
of Howrah–Delhi main line
and Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line
0
Mughalsarai   
9
Ganikhwaja   
17
Chandauli Majhwar 
26
Saidraja 
 
Uttar Pradesh
Bihar
border
34
Karamnasa 
Karmanasa River 
Arrah
  0
Uttar Pradesh
Bihar
border 
Right arrowHowrah–Delhi main line
39
Dhanichha 
Garhani
19
Durgavati River 
Samraon
24
46
Durgaoti 
Charpokhari Halt
29
55
Bhabua Road 
Piro
37
60
Muthani 
Hasan Bazar Halt
47
67
Pusauli 
Bikramganj
56
78
Kudra 
Mani Halt
63
84
Khurmabad Road Halt 
Sanjhauli Halt
68
89
Shiusagar Road 
Garhnoka
77
94
Kumhau 
Khairadih Halt
87
102
Sasaram
Sasaram
97
109
Karwandiya 
115
Pahleja Halt 
Dehri-on-Sone
120
 
Nehru Setu bridge
across Son River
0
Son Nagar   
Son Nagar
126
9
Bagaha Bishnupur   
Chirailla Halt
131
16
Ankorha Akorha 
Anugrah Narayan Road
136
18
Barki Salaiya 
Phesar
145
34
Nabinagar Road 
Baghoikusa
151
Bihar
Jharkhand
border 
Jakhim
156
42
Kajrat Nawadih 
Rafiganj
168
50
Japla 
Ismailpur
177
57
Haidarnagar 
Gurau
183
62
Kosiara 
Paraiya
189
68
Mohammadganj 
Kastha
195
75
Satbahani 
Gaya
205
80
Untare Road 
Down arrowAsansol–Gaya section
86
Karkatta 
90
Sigsigi 
to ChopanLeft arrow
97
Garhwa Road 
102
Tolra 
108
Lalgarh Halt 
112
Rajhura 
124
Kajri 
Amanat River 
130
Daltonganj 
137
Chianki 
Auranga River 
145
Kechki 
      
Mangra Halt 
157
Barwadih 
166
Chhipadohar 
174
Hehegara Halt 
184
Kumendi 
192
Bendi 
198
Latehar 
204
Demu 
212
Richuguta 
220
Chetar 
230
Tori 
Damodar River 
243
Mahuamilan 
252
McCluskieganj 
Pipawar CPP/CHP
& colliery sidings
 
Khalari cement plant 
258
Khalari 
Hesalong colliery 
267
Ray 
279
Hendegir 
287
Tokisud 
294
Patratu 
Sayal, Giddi &
Religara collieries
 
Patratu TPS
of JSEB
 
303
Bhurkunda 
Right arrowto
Gomoh–Barkakhana
branch line
313
Barkakana 
Down arrowto Tatanagar–Bakakana line

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section is a railway line connecting Gaya and Mughalsarai. This 197-kilometre (122 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar branch lines. It is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway.

Grand Chord[edit]

Ever since the railway connection of Delhi with Howrah in 1866, the East Indian Railway Company was making regular efforts to reduce the distance of the Howrah–Delhi main line. After a survey in 1888-89 and two more subsequently, a route was determined from Dhanbad to Mughal Sarai via Koderma and Gaya. The major works in this section were a bridge across the Son River at Dehri, and tunnelling and ghat line construction between Gurpa and Gujhandi.[1] The Grand Chord was opened in 1907. Even when the Grand Chord was under construction, the Son Nagar-Daltonganj branch line was opened in 1902.[2]

Bridging the Soane/Son[edit]

The total length of the Upper Soane Bridge across the Soane, as the river was then called, over abutments is 3,064 metres (10,052 ft).[3] It was opened for traffic on 27 February 1900. When it was built, it was the longest bridge in India and was believed to be the second longest bridge in the world, short of the Tay bridge near Dundee.[1][3] Subsequently, longer road bridges were built but it remained the longest rail bridge in India for many years.[4] The opening of the 4.62 km Vembanad Rail Bridge, connecting the Container Transshipment Terminal on Vallarpadam Island to Edappally, in February 2011, pushed it to the second position.[5][6]

Electrification[edit]

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section was electrified in 1962.[2] In 1965, Asansol-Bareilly Passenger was the first long-distance train on Eastern Railway hauled by an AC loco.[7]

Arrah–Sasaram[edit]

The Arrah–Sasaram line was opened as a narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) section of Martin's Light Railways in 1914 and was closed in 1978.[2][8] A new broad gauge line was laid by Indian Railways from Sasaram to Arrah in 2006-07.[9]

Speed limits[edit]

Most of the Gaya–Mughalsarai section is classified as ‘A’ class line where trains can run up to 160 km per hour but in certain sections speeds may be limited to 120–130 km per hour. The Howrah Rajdhani (between Howrah and New Delhi) travels at an average speed of 85.8 km per hour and the Sealdah Rajdhani (between Sealdah and New Delhi) travels at an average speed of 84.70 km per hour.[10][11]

Freight corridor[edit]

Son Nagar is expected to be connected with Ludhiana as part of the Eastern Corridor. The primary feeder routes for this will be from Sonnagar to Durgapur via Gomoh, Sonnagar to Tatanagar via Garhwa Road, and Barkakana to Bokaro via Chandrapura.[12]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

In 1952, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North Eastern Railway were formed. Eastern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company, east of Mughalsarai and Bengal Nagpur Railway. Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway. North Eastern Railway was formed with Oudh and Tirhut Railway, Assam Railway and a portion of Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway.[13] East Central Railway was created in 1996-97.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "As the traffic continued to grow even beyond the capacity of the". Tripod. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b c R. P. Saxena. "Indian Railway History Time line". Irse.bravehost.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b O’malley, L.S.S. Bihar and Orissa Gazeteers Sahabad. p. 166, Dehri. Google Books. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Longest Railway Bridge in India". Colours of India. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "A bridge over Vembanad Lake". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Longest railway bridge in Kochi". ForumCo.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "IR History Part IV (1947-1970". IRFCA (Indian Railways Fan Club). Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  8. ^ "Non-IR Railways in India". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Speech of Shri Lalu Prasad Introducing the Railway Budget 2006-07 On 24th February 2006". New lines. Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  10. ^ "Permanent Way". Track Classifications. Retrieved 2012-01-15. 
  11. ^ "Trivia". Highest speed sections of track. Retrieved 2012-01-15. 
  12. ^ "Freight Trains". What is dedicated freight corridor?. IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  13. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "East Central Railway". ECR. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 

External links[edit]