Gayasan National Park

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가야산국립공원, 伽倻山國立公園
Gaya Mountain National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
GayaSanghwangbong.jpg
Sanghwang peak, 2004.
Nearest cityDaegu, South Korea
Area64.71 sq mi (167.6 km2)[1]
Established13 October 1972[1]
Governing bodyKorea National Park Service
Gayasan National Park
Hangul
가야산 국립공원
Hanja
伽倻山 國立公園
Revised RomanizationGayasan Gungnip Gongwon
McCune–ReischauerKayasan Kungnip Kongwŏn

Gayasan National Park, also known as Gaya Mountain National Park (Korean: 가야산국립공원), is a large national park in the eastern part of South Korea. The park is named in honor of Gaya Mountain and became a National Park in 1972.

The park includes Haeinsa, which is one of the main temples of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism.

Geography[edit]

Gayasan National Park covers an area of more than 160 square kilometers. The national park extends from the northern edge of South Gyeongsang Province, to the southern limit of North Gyeongsang Province. The Sobaek Mountain range runs through this area.

Gaya Mountain[edit]

The national park is named in honor of Gaya Mountain. This mountain has two major peaks: one of them is Sangwangbong Peak, for which the height is 1,430 meters, and the other slightly higher peak, Chulbulbong, is 1,433 above sea level.

Special features[edit]

Stone image of the standing Buddha (Korean Treasure No. 222)

One significant feature of the national park is Haeinsa. This Buddhist temple includes in its grounds a standing Buddha figure carved into a vertical rock.

Another feature of the park is Yongmun Falls and Hongnyudong Valley. 380 different species of plant have been identified as growing there, as well as 100 species of birds, and other wild animals.

History[edit]

The area was declared scenic site number 5 by the Korean government in 1966, and it became an official National Park in 1972.

The remoteness of the area has played a role in protecting it from destruction in the past, specifically during the Japanese invasions of 1592-98, when much of the country was razed.

Since that time, legend says that the area around Gaya Mountains is free from the Three Disasters: fire, floods and wind.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gayasan: Intro". Korea National Park Service. Retrieved 18 September 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°49′N 128°07′E / 35.817°N 128.117°E / 35.817; 128.117