Gayles

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Gayles
Gayles, Richmondshire (2008).jpg
Looking into Gayles from the west
Gayles is located in North Yorkshire
Gayles
Gayles
Location within North Yorkshire
Population180 
OS grid referenceNZ123075
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRichmond
Postcode districtDL11
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°27′46″N 1°48′39″W / 54.46283°N 1.81079°W / 54.46283; -1.81079Coordinates: 54°27′46″N 1°48′39″W / 54.46283°N 1.81079°W / 54.46283; -1.81079

Gayles is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. Gayles is established in the district ward of Gilling West.[1] This small village consists of 80 households,[2] with a total population (including Kirby Hill) of 180 according to the 2011 UK census.[2] The area also includes two farms by the names of Gayles Hall Farm and Slip Farm.[3] The village is roughly 10 miles (16 km) west of Darlington.

In 1870–72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales describes Gayles as follows:

GAYLES, a township in Kirkby Ravensworth parish, N. R. Yorkshire; 5 miles NW by N of Richmond, North Yorkshire. Acres, 2,467. Real Property , £2,160. Pop., 197. Houses, 45.[4]

History[edit]

Gayles, Dalton, Kirkby-on-the-hill, New Forest, Newsham, Ravensworth and Whashton are the townships that compose the Kirkby Ravensworth Parish.[5] Kirkby Ravensworth was historically situated in the North Riding of Yorkshire, and has been a part of North Yorkshire since 1974. According to the UK census data, the population of Gayles has declined from 224 in 1811,[6] to 180 in 2011. On 19 December 1951 the Gayles Hall (grid reference NZ1221207138) was registered as a grade II British listed building with the Richmondshire District Council having local authority.[7] The Duchess Dowager of Northumberland is the most extensive owner, and also lady of the manor, but the Rev. John Shaw and Miss E. Hind have estates here, besides whom there are several small freeholders. The village is situated on the Barnard Castle and Richmond road, and is distant about eight miles from the former place, and five from the latter. Gayles Hall was long the seat of a branch of the Wycliffe family, but is now occupied by a farmer.[8]

Geography[edit]

Swinery Wood from above Gayles

The village is 216 miles (348 km) from London and 16 miles (26 km) from the county town of Northallerton. The closest settlements are Kirby Hill, Dalton and Ravensworth. Other local villages are Newsham, East Layton, West Layton, Gilling West and Hartforth. Gayles is 505 feet (154 m) above sea level.[9] Gayles is approximately 2 miles (3 km) south of the A66 major road which runs from east of Middlesbrough to Workington in Cumbria.[3] Gayles has one minor road running straight through the centre of the village, the Slip Inn Bank.[3] Gayles is situated 11.9 miles from Greta Bridge, 12.1 miles from Richmond, 14.6 miles from Scotch Corner and 19.3 miles from Barnard Castle.[10]

Climate data for closest available data source to Gayles
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13
(56)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
0
(32)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
0
(32)
4
(40)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54
(2.1)
44
(1.7)
40
(1.6)
45
(1.8)
43
(1.7)
64
(2.5)
50
(2.0)
65
(2.6)
45
(1.8)
64
(2.5)
58
(2.3)
59
(2.3)
631
(24.9)
Average snowy days 6 7 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 27
Source: [11]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Gayles House, Gayles

The first recorded census of Gayles was registered in 1881 with a population of 125. This census continued to be carried out every ten years up to 1961 with statistics on total population, population change and a male to female ratio. There are no census records for 1941 owing to the Second World War. In 1931, Gayles population was at an all-time low of 90 people.[12] There was no great change in the population from 1881 to 1961, with the largest range in population being 38. From 1961 the census data began gathering information from some places by wards and no longer by parishes.

The 2011 census data shows a population of 180, with a male to female ratio split 51 per cent to 49 per cent respectively.[13] The census data shows that 52.2 per cent of Gayles' population are aged 30–59 years old and the mean age of the area is 43.4.[14] Out of 180 people, 166 were born in England.

Occupations of Gayles

Occupation[edit]

The 1881 census data provides information into which employment category the population fall into. Sixty-two of the population of 110 were employed. The data shows that 19 of the 27 employed males worked in agriculture, while the other working males were spread out in categories including domestic services, catering and professionals in gentrification. In contrast, 12 females work in domestic services and 15 females work in occupations that cannot be specified.[15]

According to the 2011 census 104 people out of 180 are employed,[16] 53 of which are males[17] and 51 females.[18] Human, health and social work activities and agriculture are the two main industries in Gayles dominating 27.9 per cent of occupational share.[19]

Land use[edit]

Richmond Castle, North Yorkshire

Housing[edit]

Gayles has been described as a hamlet or isolated settlement in an accessible inhabitant countryside.[20] Housing in Gayles is typically detached and semi-detached,[21] with an average asking house price £198, 143.[22] Housing ownership is typically owner occupied and private rental.[21] There is a total of 80 households in Gayles,[23] 40 per cent of which are owned outright,[24] with 79 per cent of the total households maintaining central heating.[25] 13.8 per cent of the total population of Gayles are over 65 living in a one-person household.[26] With 99 per cent of the population of Gayles 16 and over in these households speaking English or Welsh as their main language.[27]

Leisure[edit]

Miniature World Riding Academy, 8 miles (13 km) away, is an attraction for tourists in the area.[10] The academy maintains an indoor and outdoor facility and offers individual and group lessons with safety equipment provided.[28] Richmond Castle is 11.2 miles (18.0 km) from Gayles.[10] It is described by English Heritage as one of the "finest tourist attractions in North Yorkshire", with views of the Yorkshire Dales, and a tranquil cockpit garden.[29] The castle was originally built to subdue the unruly North of England it is one of the greatest fortresses in the United Kingdom.[29] Moulton Hall (grid reference NZ235035), National Trust, 19 miles (31 km) east of Gayles, registered as a grade I listed building, is another tourist location.[30] Moulton Hall is a 17th-century manor house with an intricately carved staircase rebuilt in approximately 1650 on an ancient site. The house is surrounded by approximately 25 acres (10 ha) of grounds. It is open to the public on a limited basis by arrangement with the tenant.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British Streets: Local Authority and Regional Data". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Google Maps: Gayles, North Yorkshire". Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Vision of Britain: Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales". Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. 1870–72. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  5. ^ "British History: Kirkby Ravensworth". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  6. ^ "HistPop: Observation and Enumeration abstract". 1811. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  7. ^ "British Listed Buildings: History in Structure". 1951. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  8. ^ "GENUKI: Geographical and Historical Information of Kirkby Ravensworth". 1890. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Earth Tools". Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "Eyez and Earz: Visiting Gayles, North Yorkshire". Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Gayles Climate History". weather2. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Vision of Britain: Gayles". Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  14. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Vision of Britain: Gayles Industry". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  16. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  19. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Industry: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  20. ^ "British Streets: Local Authority and Regional Data". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  21. ^ a b "British Streets: Socio-Demographic Data". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  22. ^ "Zoopla: Gayles". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  23. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". Neighbourhood Statistics. The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  24. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  25. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  26. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  27. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Gayles". The Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  28. ^ "Yell: Miniature World Riding Academy". Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  29. ^ a b "English Heritage: Richmond Castle". Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  30. ^ "Eyez and Earz: Visiting Gayles, North Yorkshire". Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  31. ^ "National Trust: Moulton Hall". Retrieved 26 March 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gayles at Wikimedia Commons