|100,000 (2000 census)|
Gayo is an Austronesian language spoken by some 100,000 people (2000) in the mountainous region of Aceh around Central Aceh, Bener Meriah and Gayo Lues regencies. It is classified as belonging to the Western Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages, but is not closely related to other languages. Ethnologue lists Deret, Lues, Lut, and Serbejadi-Lukup as dialects.
The word gayo comes from an ancient Aceh language adopted from Sanskrit which means 'mountain'. In general, people living in the mountains are called gayo people or mountain people. It is eventually used to address Gayonese that we know today. Gayo people or mountain people are Karo people migrants from northern Sumatra who settled in Aceh and formed a large community. Gayo is distinguished from other languages in Aceh. The art and culture of Gayo people and also significantly different compared with other Acehnese people.
In 1907, G.A.J. Hazeu wrote a first Gayo–Dutch dictionary for the colonial authorities of the Dutch East Indies.
- An open access of recordings in Gayo are available through Paradisec, including traditional stories, historical narratives and conversation.
- Gayo at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gayo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Gajosch-Nederlandsch Woordenboek, by G.A.J. Hazeu, Landsdrukkerij Batavia 1907. It is available online as a Google scan.
|Gayo language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
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