Gaz (candy)

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Gaz Candy From Iran.jpg
Persian gaz candy
Type Confectionery (nougat)
Place of origin Iran
Region or state Isfahan[citation needed]
Main ingredients Gaz of Khunsar or sugar or corn syrup, pistachio or almond kernels, rosewater, egg whites[citation needed]
Cookbook: Gaz  Media: Gaz

Gaz (Persian: گز‎‎) is the traditional name of a Persian nougat which originated from the Isfahan region.[citation needed]

The name gaz is associated with gaz-angebin which translates to 'sap of angebin', in reference to a species of Tamarisk, T. gallica[1] that is native to the Zagros mountain range located to the west of the Esfahan and Boldaji.

The sweet, milky sap (gaz of Khunsar) found on the angebin plant is associated with manna, a food mentioned in the religious texts of the Abrahamic religions. The sticky white substance is exuded from the anus of the nymph of a psyllid insect, either Cyamophila astragalicola[2] or C. dicora,[3] in its final instar, which live on plants of Astragalus adscendens,[2] and is collected annually and is combined with other ingredients including pistachio or almond kernels, rosewater and egg white. Modern versions of gaz may not contain gaz of Khunsar and may use sugar and corn syrup as substitutes for psyllid manna.[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wulff, Hans, M.I.T. Press, 1966, The traditional crafts of Persia: their development, technology, and influence on Eastern and Western civilizations
  2. ^ a b Grami, Bahram (1998). "Gaz of Khunsar: The manna of persia". Economic Botany 52 (2): 183–191. doi:10.1007/BF02861207. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  3. ^ "Gaz(1)". Encyclopædia Iranica. 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  4. ^
  5. ^