Gazaria Upazila

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Gazaria
গজারিয়া
Upazila
Gazaria is located in Bangladesh
Gazaria
Gazaria
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°32.5′N 90°36.5′E / 23.5417°N 90.6083°E / 23.5417; 90.6083Coordinates: 23°32.5′N 90°36.5′E / 23.5417°N 90.6083°E / 23.5417; 90.6083
Country  Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
District Munshiganj District
Area
 • Total 130.92 km2 (50.55 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 128,368
 • Density 981/km2 (2,540/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Map of Gazaria

Gazaria Upazila (Bengali: গজারিয়া) is one of the six upazilas of Munshiganj District in the Division of Dhaka, Bangladesh.[1] It is located on the Meghna river delta, 28 km from the capital city of Dhaka.

History[edit]

Gazaria is mainly composed of alluvial land around the Meghna river. The locality became a part of Tippara Thana under the Assam District during British rule. Gazaria became the part of Munshiganj Thana in 1946 and the independent Gazaria Thana was established in 1954.

The Pakistan government established the Dhaka-Chittagong High way through the locality. Gazaria Thana was turned into an upazila in 1983.

War of Independence[edit]

In May 1971, the Pakistani army entered Gazaria by river. A raid on the village of Goshairchar on 9 May killed more than four hundred people. The army proceeded to Bhaberchar where they also killed eleven sheltering in a ditch. Other villages in the area were attacked in the same raid.

Bangladeshi soldiers from Gazaria fought at Bhabercha, Baluakand and Baushia under the leadership of Rafiqul Islam and interrupted communication along the highway by destroying the bridge at Bhaterchar in August 1971, obstructing the advancement of the Pakistani army.

In 2011 the Local Government constructed a memorial at Gosairchar.

Geography[edit]

Gazaria Upazila is located at 23°32′30″N 90°36′30″E / 23.5417°N 90.6083°E / 23.5417; 90.6083, covering a total area of 130.92 km². It is the Meghna River delta, which separates it from the district headquarters of Munshiganj. Two bridges connect it with the mainland: the Meghna Bridge in the west, and the Meghna-Gomotee Bridge in the east. The Kajali river flows through the district.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1991 Bangladesh census, Gazaria had a population of 128,368.

Literacy rate[edit]

Gazaria has a literacy rate of 32.7% (counting people over the age of 7), compared to national figures of 32.4%.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rahman, AKM Habibur (2012). "Gazaria Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006.