Gazit

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Gazit
גָּזִית
Gazit.jpg
Gazit is located in Israel
Gazit
Gazit
Coordinates: 32°38′15″N 35°26′49.55″E / 32.63750°N 35.4470972°E / 32.63750; 35.4470972Coordinates: 32°38′15″N 35°26′49.55″E / 32.63750°N 35.4470972°E / 32.63750; 35.4470972
District Northern
Council Jezreel Valley
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1948
Founded by New immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 655

Gazit (Hebrew: גָּזִית‎) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 655.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name is symbolic, derived from the Book of Isaiah. It was originally called "Argentina A".[2]

History[edit]

The kibbutz community was formed in 1947 by immigrants from Argentina, Poland, Romania and Turkey, and the physical kibbutz was established in 1948 on the lands of the Palestinian village of al-Tira, which was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, 1.5 km southwest of the village site.[3][4]

Gazit became a permanent settlement in 1950. Initially a communist kibbutz, its members decided to swear allegiance to the state in 1952, expelling 22 Maki members in the process.[5]

Economy[edit]

The main Traditional livelihood branches of the kibbutz are field crops, orchard (near Nahal Tavor ), almond and olive groves, barn, house sheep, beef, and chicken coop. The Kibbutz also runs a community pub. Apart from these fields, The Kibbutz's main income is largely based on the Factory " Plazit "[6] that produces rigid plastic sheets, plastic products primarily for the food trays for the food industry (with grouping ascending ). In recent years, the factory has incorporated a number of other factories, and even bought factories in Bulgaria and Chile. In 1952 "Naaman Gazit ", a factory producing porcelain plates, was established at the kibbutz, but closed several years later.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 107. ISBN 965-7184-34-7. 
  3. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. xxi. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. 
  4. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 63, ISBN 0-88728-224-5 
  5. ^ Be careful what you dig for Haaretz
  6. ^ Plazit web site