Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport

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Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport
Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy
Logo gdansk airport.jpg
DanzigLechWalesaFlughafen-2.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorPort Lotniczy Gdańsk Spółka z.o.o.
ServesTricity, Poland
Elevation AMSL149 m / 489 ft
Coordinates54°22′39″N 018°27′58″E / 54.37750°N 18.46611°E / 54.37750; 18.46611
Websiteairport.gdansk.pl
Map
GDN is located in Poland
GDN
GDN
Location of airport in Poland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers served4,611,714 Increase
Aircraft Movements43,422 Increase
Source: Polish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1] Statistics: Airport site

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport (Polish: Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy, formerly Polish: Port Lotniczy Gdańsk-Rębiechowo) (IATA: GDN, ICAO: EPGD) is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) northwest[1] of Gdańsk, Poland, not far from the city centres of the Tricity metropolitan area: Gdańsk (12 km (7.5 mi)), Sopot (10 km (6.2 mi)) and Gdynia (23 km (14 mi)). Since 2004 the airport is named after Lech Wałęsa, the former Polish president. With over 4.6 million passengers served in 2017, it is the 3rd largest airport in Poland in terms of passenger traffic.

History[edit]

Early years (1910s–1950s)[edit]

An airpost Junkers F.13 in 1921 in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz

The first passenger flights in Gdańsk were operated in the year 1919 from an airfield in the Langfuhr district of the Free City of Danzig (nowadays Wrzeszcz district of Gdańsk).[2] It was possible thanks to a transformation of that military location into a civilian facility. The airport was at that time additionally used for airmail services and by the police.[citation needed] In the next years the airport continued acquisitions of further areas which allowed it to expand and invest in modern infrastructure at that time. The technical development of Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport (Danzig-Langfuhr Airport) was followed by the launching of regular routes to Warsaw, Berlin, Moscow, Königsberg and other important cities of the region. The flights were already operated by numerous international aviation companies. The first Polish route was served between Gdańsk, Warsaw and Lviv by Aerolloyd and it was started in September 1922.[citation needed] The company initially used Junkers F.13 aircraft on that daily route. This domestic service was the beginning of the company which later gradually became the LOT Polish Airlines, which is still Poland's national carrier.

A railway connection to Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport was built in the 1920s. This was followed by new tram tracks in 1930. The airport itself had a concrete runway which had light and navigation facilities allowing aircraft to land and to take off at night. In the 1930s Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport served less than 2 thousand passengers annually[citation needed] but it was an important international hub that connected four countries and provided transport facilities between Polish cities.

The airport in Wrzeszcz was an important base of the German air forces during World War II. Even before that, German pilots had been trained on the grounds of this airport. Heavy bombings and other military activities led to the destruction of the airport.[citation needed] However, it was reconstructed after the war and it was provided with modern technologies which allowed the airport to develop. Old domestic routes as well as many international destinations were relaunched. The airport had regular connections to countries like Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark and Sweden.

New location since 1970s[edit]

As the airport facilities became old and nonfunctional at the end of the 1960s (including runway lights which forced airport authorities to ban night flights), a new location near the village of Rębiechowo was chosen. The airport had to be built somewhere else also because of further urban development. New areas were needed in order to make it possible for the public investors to construct new buildings for the growing population of Gdańsk. Furthermore, a new longer runway was necessary in order to allow larger jet airliners to take off and land safely as the era of modern jet aircraft began. The old airport in Wrzeszcz was officially closed on 1 May 1974 and it practically ceased to exist as a large housing estate was built on its grounds. Nowadays only a few remaining elements of the old Wrzeszcz airport infrastructure can be found.

After the closure of the old airport, the new one was built and it opened in 1974 near the village of Rębiechowo[2] (on westernmost land incorporated into the Gdańsk borough of Matarnia in 1973). The airport acquired its current name in 2004. There was some controversy as to whether the name should be spelled Lech Walesa (without diacritics, but better recognizable in the world) or Lech Wałęsa (with Polish letters, but difficult to write and pronounce for foreigners, the closest English phonetic approximation being "Vawensa").

Since 1993 Gdańsk Airport has been owned 31.45% by the authorities of Pomeranian Voivodeship, 29.45% by city of Gdańsk, 1.14% by city of Gdynia, 0.35% by city of Sopot and 37.61% by Polish Airports State Enterprise. In 2006 the airport served for the first time in its history more than 1 million passengers per year. In 2010 the passenger number was higher than 2 million. After the construction of a new modern passenger terminal with extended capacities (the opening took place in April 2012 ahead of the UEFA Euro 2012 football championships), the airport continued its development and it served for the first time over 3 million passengers in a single year in 2014. In summer season 2015 the airlines flying to and from the airport served over 50 regular routes as well as charter and cargo flights.

Airport infrastructure[edit]

Airside facilities[edit]

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport has a single asphalt-concrete runway in the direction of 11/29.[3] The runway is 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and it is equipped with a modern ILS CAT II allowing aircraft to land in foggy weather. The decision height established for the approach system in Gdańsk is 30 m (98 ft), whereas the visibility minimum for pilots varies from 125 m (410 ft) to 300 m (980 ft), the higher value being required in the initial one-third of the runway's length.[4][5] In addition, the navigation facilities at the airport are supplemented with a modern wide area multilateration system.[6]

The runway as well as taxiways are equipped with light aids system using LED technology. The lighting of the runway can be remotely controlled from the flight control tower. The runway has eight exit taxiways leading to five parking aprons where up to 18 middle-sized aircraft (e.g. Boeing 737 or Airbus 321) can be parked. The airport also has an extra apron used in winter for de-icing of aircraft. The deicing pad has been constructed in a way which allows keeping up ecological standards.

Passenger terminals[edit]

Public area at Terminal T2
Departures area at Terminal T2

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport has two passengers terminals (T1 and T2), of which only Terminal T2 is fully functional. Terminal T1 was built in 1993 and is currently being used for departures (passport control and boarding) to countries which are not part of Schengen Area, mainly to Great Britain, Ireland and holiday destinations e.g. to Egypt. There are no check-in desks in Terminal T1 but passengers waiting for their flights can do the shopping at duty-free stores located close to the departure gates. The building is connected with the newer Terminal T2 with a bridge. The old building is planned to be torn down in the future when the new terminal is extended.

The new terminal, called Terminal T2, is a modern building with characteristic architectural elements, the roof imitating waves at sea being an example of them. It was constructed west of Terminal T1. The first part (departures only) was completed in 2012, and the arrival area started operations in September 2015. Since then, Terminal 1 has not been serving any arriving flights.

The overall area of Terminal 2 amounts to approx. 54,000 m2 (580,000 sq ft). The terminal has a direct link to a railway station. It has 25 check-in desks, a highly modern luggage transport and sorting facility and a spacious departure area with gates. At the airport in Gdańsk, five jet bridges are available for airlines to use. The terminal handled 3.3 million passengers in 2014 which was about 66% of its maximum capacity. However, after the completion of the new arrival area, the maximum capacity of the airport is estimated at 7 million passengers per year. The terminal offers services such as tourist information, shops, kiosks, bars, currency exchange desks, different car rentals and an executive lounge. There is also a conference room and facilities for handling VIP passengers and general aviation flights.

Future development[edit]

According to the airport authorities,[7] Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport will be further developed in the next years. Plans include an installation of an even more modern landing system ILS CAT IIIb which will allow pilots to operate at very poor visibility caused by fog and bad weather.[8] Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport will be the second airport in Poland, after Warsaw Chopin Airport, to have this facility.

The existing terminal is also planned to be extended despite the fact that it is new and can easily handle the current passengers flows. A new concourse will be constructed exclusively for departing flights. When it is finished, the old terminal building serving Non-Schengen flights will be either demolished or rebuilt for other purposes which will not be directly aimed at passenger services.

After the modernization and extension works, the new capacity of the Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport will be at the estimated level of 9 million passenger annually.

Also, a completely new district of Gdansk is planned to be built directly next to the airport. It will be called Gdansk Airport City and it will consist mainly of new buildings with offices and services as well as hotels. The construction works are planned to begin in 2018.[9] However, some facilities that will become a part of the Airport City in the future already exist. These include the Allcon Park offering office areas, as well as the first of the planned five buildings of BCB Business Park. The existing Hampton by Hilton hotel located opposite the airport terminal will also be part of the new Airport City district in Gdansk.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Mediterranean Seasonal charter: Heraklion[10]
Enter Air Seasonal: Málaga
Charter: Hurghada[11]
Seasonal charter: Almería,[10] Antalya (begins 2 May 2019),[11] Barcelona,[12] Bodrum (begins 6 June 2019),[11] Burgas (begins 11 June 2019),[11] Catania,[12][10] Corfu,[12] Girona,[10] Kos,[10] Palma de Mallorca,[12] Tenerife-South,[11] Tirana[12]
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada[10]
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Kraków, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Monastir[10]
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya,[10] Bodrum[13]
Ryanair Aarhus, Alicante, Belfast-International, Bergamo, Birmingham, Bristol, Cork, Dublin, Edinburgh, Kiev-Boryspil, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Malta, Manchester, Pisa, Reus (begins 1 April 2019), Sandefjord, Stockholm-Skavsta, Växjö, Wrocław
Seasonal: Athens, Eilat-Ovda, Naples, Newcastle
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Antalya (begins 4 May 2019),[11] Burgas (begins 18 May 2019),[11] Palma de Mallorca (begins 5 May 2019),[11] Rhodes (begins 3 May 2019),[11] Varna (begins 4 June 2019)[11]
Scandinavian Airlines Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya[11]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich (begins 31 March 2019)[14]
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Burgas,[12] Chania,[10] Dubrovnik,[10] Palma de Mallorca,[10] Rhodes,[10] Tenerife-South,[11][12] Thessaloniki,[10] Verona[12]
Wizz Air Aberdeen, Ålesund, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bergen, [15] Bremen (begins 2 April 2019), Cologne/Bonn, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Haugesund, Kharkiv, Kiev-Zhuliany, Kristiansand, Kutaisi (begins 2 April 2019), Liverpool, London-Luton, Lviv, Malmö, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 4 April 2019),[16] Reykjavík-Keflavík, Sandefjord, Stavanger, Skavsta, Tromsø, Trondheim, Turku, Vienna, Vilnius
Seasonal: Barcelona, Billund

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle, Tallinn
FedEx Feeder Berlin-Schönefeld, Paris-Charles de Gaulle[17]
SprintAir Warsaw-Chopin

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Aircraft at Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport
Year Passengers Passengers Change Cargo (t) Flight operations
1999 249,913 1,472 10,512
2000 269,960 Increase 8.0% Increase 1,552 Increase 11,586
2001 319,174 Increase 18.2% Increase 1,953 Increase 14,052
2002 318,033 Decrease 0.4% Increase 2,211 Decrease 13,450
2003 365,036 Increase 14.8% Increase 2,686 Increase 14,346
2004 463,840 Increase 27.1% Increase 2,742 Increase 17,500
2005 677,946 Increase 46.2% Increase 3,433 Increase 19,000
2006 1,249,780 Increase 84.3% Increase 4,037 Increase 24,200
2007 1,708,739 Increase 36.7% Increase 4,757 Increase 28,200
2008 1,954,166 Increase 14.4% Decrease 4,610 Increase 31,000
2009 1,890,925 Decrease 3.2% Decrease 4,067 Decrease 30,000
2010 2,232,590 Increase 18.1% Increase 4,487 Increase 32,000
2011 2,483,000 Increase 11.2% Increase 4,943 Increase 34,360
2012 2,906,000 Increase 17.0% Decrease 4,851 Increase 37,022
2013 2,843,737 Decrease 2.1% Increase 4,918 Increase 42,041
2014 3,288,180 Increase 15.6% Increase 5,658 Decrease 39,974
2015 3,706,108 Increase 12.7% Decrease 5,162 Increase 40,261
2016 4,004,081 Increase 8.0% Decrease 4,863 Increase 41,079
2017 4,611,714 Increase 15.0% Increase 5,500 Increase 43,422
2018 (Jan-Sep) 3,876,199 Increase 8.9% Increase 4,576 Increase 36,192

Routes[edit]

Most popular scheduled destinations (2016-September 2018)
City 2018 (September) 2017 2016
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London, United Kingdom 401,766 513,563 Increase 486,864 Increase
Flag of Norway.svg Oslo, Norway 286,263 324,518 Increase 291,794 Increase
Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm, Sweden 234,625 279,970 Increase 231,435 Increase
Flag of Poland.svg Warsaw, Poland 204,519 Decrease 522,449 Increase 443,418 Increase
Flag of Denmark.svg Copenhagen, Denmark 125,884 167,793 Increase 154,872 Increase
Flag of Germany.svg Munich, Germany 117,535 132,550 Decrease 156,865 Decrease
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany 101,293 149,872 Increase 143,346 Increase
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Eindhoven, Netherlands 97,594 ? ?
Flag of Finland.svg Turku, Finland 90,801 Increase 92,712 Increase 88,098 Increase
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam, Netherlands 90,197 Increase 47,826 Increase 0
Flag of Germany.svg Dortmund, Germany 81,451 105,209 Increase 101,625 Decrease
Flag of Norway.svg Alesund, Norway 80,208 ? ?

Airlines[edit]

Wizz Air Airbus A321 landing at Gdansk Airport
Passenger airlines serving GDN (2015-2017)[18]
Airline Passengers (2017) Passengers (2016) Passengers (2015)
Wizz Air 2,037,832 Increase 1,862,137 Increase 1,772,840
Ryanair 1,312,084 Increase 1,026,016 Increase 820,590
LOT Polish Airlines 328,905 Increase 299,902 Increase 250,268
Lufthansa 246,301 Decrease 270,349 Decrease 277,245
Scandinavian Airlines 219,827 Increase 199,351 Increase 164,628
Norwegian Air Shuttle 86,668 Increase 79,986 Increase 73,829
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 47,826 Increase 0 0
Finnair 33,131 Increase 31,099 Increase 21,563
Air Berlin 17,891 Increase 15,239 Decrease 69,156
Ukraine International Airlines 0 Decrease 3,310 Increase 0

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

SA 136 passenger train at the railway station at Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport

Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna (PKM, the 'Pomeranian Metropolitan Railway) connects Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport with Wrzeszcz, Gdynia Główna railway station and downtown Gdańsk. It connects to the Szybka Kolej Miejska (Tricity) the 'Fast Urban Railway' which provides further connections by frequent trains[19] every 6 minutes to 30 minutes to 27 stations throughout the Tricity.

As of October 2015, the tickets for the train to and from Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport can be purchased in ZTM as well as SKM ticket machines located at stations throughout the city. Tickets are also sold in the trains by the conductors and they should be in this case purchased immediately after getting on the train. Regular tickets to and from Gdańsk (City ticket) cost 3,50 PLN one way. Regular tickets to/from Gdynia (Tricity ticket) cost 6,50 PLN one way. It is possible to change trains and to get to other areas of Tricity. In this case, the ticket prices may vary depending on the final station of the journey.

Bus[edit]

As of January 2018, the following city bus lines connect the airport:

  • to Gdańsk-Centre, (Orunia Gościnna), Route 210[20] via Gdańsk-Morena, Gdańsk Main Railway Station, old city.
  • to Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz, Route 110 to Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz railway station.
  • to Sopot, Route 122 to Sopot – Kamienny Potok railway station via Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz
  • night bus line N3 to Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz railway station and Gdańsk main railway station

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ a b Wałęsy, Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha. "Historia lotniska - Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy". Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy.
  3. ^ Wałęsy, Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha. "Droga startowa - Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy". Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy.
  4. ^ Gdańsk Airport with ILS CAT II – Official website of Gdańsk Airport (in Polish)
  5. ^ Fog ceases to be a problem. New era for Gdańsk Airport. – Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish)
  6. ^ Wałęsy, Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha. "Pierwszy w Polsce system multilateracyjny uruchomiony w Gdańsku. - Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy".
  7. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". trojmiasto.wyborcza.pl.
  8. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". trojmiasto.wyborcza.pl.
  9. ^ "Nowa dzielnica przy lotnisku. Gdańsk będzie miał swoje Airport City? [WIZUALIZACJE]".
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Charter flights". charterflights.r.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Charter flights". tui.pl.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Onur Air expands Polish network in S18". routesonline.com. 15 May 2018.
  14. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/281190/swiss-adds-gdansk-heringsdorf-service-in-s19/?highlight=heringsdorf
  15. ^ http://www.pasazer.com/news/39343/wizz,air,rezygnuje,z,kolejnych,dwoch,tras,z,polski.html
  16. ^ https://www.ntbinfo.no/pressemelding/wizz-air-coming-to-avinor-oslo-airport?publisherId=17507039&releaseId=17853529
  17. ^ FedEx Express expands network in Europe, Middle East and Asia – Post & Parcel
  18. ^ Wałęsy, Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha. "Ponad 4,6 mln obsłużonych pasażerów i cel 5 mln w 2018! - Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy".
  19. ^ "SKM Trójmiasto: Strona główna". www.skm.pkp.pl.
  20. ^ Gdańsk, Silesia Transport na zlecenie ZTM. "ZTM Gdańsk » Rozkłady jazdy". ztm.gda.pl.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport at Wikimedia Commons