GeForce 30 series

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GeForce 30 series
RTX 30 series logo with slogan.svgRTX 3090 Founders Edition!.jpg
GeForce RTX 3090 Founders Edition
Release dateSeptember 17, 2020; 2 years ago (2020-09-17)
CodenameGA10x
ArchitectureAmpere
ModelsGeForce RTX series
Transistors
  • 13.3B (GA106)
  • 17.4B (GA104)
  • 28.3B (GA102)
Fabrication processSamsung 8LPU
Cards
Entry-level
  • GeForce RTX 3050
Mid-range
  • GeForce RTX 3060
  • GeForce RTX 3060 Ti
High-end
  • GeForce RTX 3070
  • GeForce RTX 3070 Ti
  • GeForce RTX 3080
  • GeForce RTX 3080 (12 GB)
Enthusiast
  • GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  • GeForce RTX 3090
  • GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
API support
Direct3DDirect3D 12.0 Ultimate (feature level 12_2)
OpenCLOpenCL 3.0[1]
OpenGLOpenGL 4.6
VulkanVulkan 1.3[2]
History
Predecessor
SuccessorGeForce 40 series

The GeForce 30 series is a suite of graphics processing units (GPUs) designed and marketed by Nvidia, succeeding the GeForce 20 series. The GeForce 30 series is based on the Ampere architecture, which feature Nvidia's second-generation ray tracing (RT) cores and third generation Tensor Cores.[3] Through Nvidia RTX, hardware-enabled ray tracing is possible on GeForce 30 series cards.

The lineup, designed to compete with AMD's Radeon RX 6000 series of cards, consist of the entry-level and previously laptop-exclusive RTX 3050 and laptop-exclusive RTX 3050 Ti, mid-range RTX 3060, upper-midrange RTX 3060 Ti, high-end RTX 3070, RTX 3070 Ti and the enthusiast RTX 3080 10 GB, RTX 3080 12 GB, RTX 3080 Ti, RTX 3090, and RTX 3090 Ti. This is the last generation from NVIDIA to have official support for Windows 7 and 8.x as the latest drivers available for this generation require Windows 10.[4]

The GeForce 30 series began shipping on September 17, 2020.[5][6] The initial launch, consisting of the RTX 3070, RTX 3080, and RTX 3090, occurred during the 2020–2022 global chip shortage, resulting in widespread and notable shortages of the series as a whole that lasted from the series' launch until 2022.

The GeForce 30 series was succeeded by the GeForce 40 series, powered by the Ada Lovelace microarchitecture.[7]

Release and availability issues[edit]

Launch day for the RTX 3080 was September 17, 2020.[8] The lack of pre-order functionality and high demand exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, and boost in scalping, resulted in a large number of online retailers struggling with the sheer number of purchases.[8][9] Newegg had completely sold out as expected on Black Friday. Long lines formed outside physical stores with stock, such as Micro Center in the United States,[10] and Dospara [ja] in Japan.[11] Twitter users reported that they used bots to buy large numbers of cards to resell for higher prices.[12]

Nvidia released a statement the following day, apologizing for the difficulties with their online store, which went down on launch day due to high traffic.[13] On October 2, Nvidia announced that it would delay the release of RTX 3070 cards by two weeks to guarantee availability.[14] On October 5, Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang announced delays due to supply shortages, which were expected to go on until 2021.[15] On October 9, the company announced that all Founder's Edition graphic cards in the United States would temporarily be sold via Best Buy, while the official web store would be upgraded to improve the shopping experience.[16][17][18] In early December, Nvidia blamed continued component shortages on Samsung wafer shortages, resulting in chip shortages, among other factors.[19]

Shortages of RTX 30 series cards continued into 2021, and has been ongoing ever since its release.[20] In an effort to limit purchases by cryptominers, Nvidia announced in February that the RTX 3060 cards would be able to detect algorithms for mining of the Ethereum cryptocurrency and halve the hash rate.[21] Shortly after release, NVIDIA accidentally released a driver update which disabled the detection.[22] In March, TechRadar reported that the shortages could continue until the third quarter of the year, in part blaming a global GDDR6 memory shortage and the cards' supply being bought out by cryptominers.[23] In April, Hong Kong Customs and Excise seized 300 non-video CMP cards.[24]

Nvidia officially announced new RTX 3080, RTX 3070, RTX 3060 Ti Lite Hash Rate (LHR) SKUs on May 18, 2021, which limits the Ethash mining hash rate.[25]

Nvidia released the RTX 3080 Ti on June 3, and the RTX 3070 Ti one week later, on June 10. Both included the cryptocurrency mining hash rate limiter.[26]

There have been multiple attempts to meet the demand. EVGA has a system designed to put people into a queue; the goal is to prevent cards from selling out quickly and decrease wait time.[27]

An aftermarket variant of the RTX 3090, made by manufacturer Gigabyte

Besides the Founders Edition, there are also a variety of aftermarket cards, referred to as "custom cards" by Nvidia. The graphics chip is taken from Nvidia and parts of the card are modified according to the company's specifications. Such modifications include: clock speeds, fans, heat sinks, connectors, and aesthetics. Such aftermarket cards tend to perform better than Nvidia's in-house cards, but such increased performance comes with tradeoffs in temperature and power consumption. Manufacturers include: Gigabyte, MSI, ZOTAC, Asus, EVGA, INNO3D.[28][29][30][31][32]

Nvidia officially released the GeForce RTX 3080 12GB graphics card on January 11, 2022 and the desktop GeForce RTX 3050 graphics card on January 27, 2022. The RTX 3050 had previously only had a laptop variant that was launched on May 11, 2021 along with the laptop variant of the RTX 3050 Ti that currently still has no desktop variant. Nvidia officially released the GeForce RTX 3090 Ti on March 29, 2022.

Details[edit]

Architectural improvements of the Ampere architecture include the following:

  • CUDA Compute Capability 8.6[33]
  • Samsung 8 nm 8N process (custom designed for NVIDIA)[34]
  • Doubled FP32 performance per SM on Ampere GPUs
  • Third-generation Tensor Cores with FP16, bfloat16, TensorFloat-32 (TF32) and sparsity acceleration
  • Second-generation Ray Tracing Cores, plus concurrent ray tracing and shading and compute
  • GDDR6X memory support (RTX 3070 Ti, RTX 3080, RTX 3080 12 GB, RTX 3080 Ti, RTX 3090, RTX 3090 Ti)
  • PCI Express 4.0
  • NVLink 3.0 (RTX 3090, RTX 3090 Ti)
  • HDMI 2.1 supporting FRL6 (48 Gbit/s) transmission speed[35]
  • PureVideo Feature Set K hardware video decoding with AV1 hardware decoding[36]

GeForce 30 (30xx) series for desktops[edit]

  • Only the RTX 3090 and RTX 3090 Ti support 2-way NVLink.
  • All the RTX 30 GPUs are made using the 8 nm Samsung node.[37]
  • Double-precision (FP64) performance of the Ampere chips are 1/64 of single-precision (FP32) performance.
Model Launch Code
name
(s)[a]
Transistors (billion)
Die size (mm2)
Core
config[b]
SM
count[c]
L2
cache

(MB)
Clock speeds[d] Fillrate[e][f] Memory Processing power (TFLOPS)[g] TDP
(watts)
Launch
MSRP
(USD)
Core
clock
(MHz)
Memory
(GT/s)[h]
Pixel
(Gpx/s)
Texture
(Gtex/s)
Size
(GB)
Bandwidth
(GB/s)
Type Bus
width
(bit)
Half
precision

(boost)
Single
precision

(boost)
Double
precision

(boost)
Tensor
compute
[sparse]

GeForce RTX
3050[40][41][42]
Jul 18, 2022 GA106 13.25 276 2304
72:32:18:72
18 2 1515
(1755)
14.0 48.5
(56.2)
109.1
(126.4)
8 224 GDDR6 128 6.981
(8.087)
6.981
(8.087)
0.109
(0.126)
32.4[34]
[64.8]
130 OEM[43]
Jan 27, 2022 GA106-150 2560
80:32:20:80
20 1552
(1777)
49.6
(56.9)
124.1
(142.2)
7.946
(9.098)
7.946
(9.098)
0.124
(0.142)
36.4[44]
[72.8]
$249
GeForce RTX
3060[45][46][47]
Feb 25, 2021 GA106-300 3584
112:48:28:112
28 3 1320
(1777)
15.0 63.4
(85.3)
147.8
(199.0)
12 360 192 9.462
(12.738)
9.462
(12.738)
0.148
(0.199)
51.2[34]
[102.4]
170 $329
May 2021 GA106-302
Oct 2022 8 240 128 ?
Sep 2021 GA104-150[48] 17.4 392.5 12 360 192 $329
GeForce RTX
3060 Ti[45][49][50]
Dec 2, 2020 GA104-200 4864
152:80:38:152
38 4 1410
(1665)
14.0 112.8
(133.2)
214.3
(253.1)
8 448 256 13.716
(16.197)
13.716
(16.197)
0.214
(0.253)
64.8[34]
[129.6]
200 $399
May 2021 GA104-202
Oct 2022 19.0 608 GDDR6X ?
Feb 23, 2022 GA103-200[51] ? 496 14.0 448 GDDR6 $399
GeForce RTX
3070[40][52]
Oct 29, 2020 GA104-300
GA104-302
17.4 392.5 5888
184:96:46:184
46 1500
(1725)
144.0
(165.6)
276
(317.4)
17.664
(20.314)
17.664
(20.314)
0.276
(0.317)
81.3[34]
[162.6]
220 $499
GeForce RTX
3070 Ti[40][53][54]
Jun 10, 2021 GA104-400 6144
192:96:48:192
48 1580
(1770)
19.0 151.6
(169.9)
303.3
(339.8)
608 GDDR6X 19.415
(21.700)
19.415
(21.700)
0.303
(0.340)
87[55]
[174]
290 $599
Oct 2022 GA102-150[56] 28.3 628.4 320
GeForce RTX
3080[40][57]
Sep 17, 2020 GA102-200
GA102-202
8704
272:96:68:272
68 5 1440
(1710)
138.2
(164.2)
391.7
(465.1)
10 760 320 25.068
(29.768)
25.068
(29.768)
0.392
(0.465)
119[34]
[238]
$699
GeForce RTX
3080 (12 GB)[40][58]
Jan 11, 2022 GA102-220 8960
280:96:70:280
70 1260
(1710)
120.9
(164.2)
325.8
(478.8)
12 912 384 22.579
(30.643)
22.579
(30.643)
0.353
(0.478)
122[59]
[244]
350 $799
GeForce RTX
3080 Ti[40][60]
Jun 3, 2021 GA102-225 10240
320:112:80:320
80 6 1365
(1665)
152.8
(186.5)
436.8
(532.8)
27.955
(34.100)
27.955
(34.100)
0.437
(0.533)
136[55]
[273]
$1199
GeForce RTX
3090[40][61]
Sep 24, 2020 GA102-250[62]
GA102-300
10496
328:112:82:328
82 1395
(1695)
19.5 156.2
(189.8)
457.6
(556.0)
24 936 29.284
(35.581)
29.284
(35.581)
0.458
(0.556)
142[34]
[284]
$1499
GeForce RTX
3090 Ti[40][63]
Mar 29, 2022 GA102-350 10752
336:112:84:336
84 1560
(1860)
21.0 174.7
(208.3)
524.1
(625.0)
1008 33.546
(39.997)
33.546
(39.997)
0.524
(0.625)
160[64]
[320]
450 $1999

GeForce 30 (30xx) series for laptops[edit]

  • All mobile RTX 30 GPUs support fourth-generation Max-Q. The decision to enable Max-Q Technologies such as Dynamic Boost 2.0 and WhisperMode 2.0 on devices is handled by its manufacturer.[65][66][67]
  • All models feature GDDR6 memory.
Model Launch Code
name
(s)
Transistors (billion)
Die size (mm2)
Core
config[b]
SM
count[c]
L2
cache

(MB)
Clock speeds[d][i] Fillrate[e][f] Memory Processing power (TFLOPS) Ray tracing performance TDP
(watts)
Core
clock
(MHz)
Memory
(GT/s)
Pixel
(Gpx/s)
Texture
(Gtex/s)
Size
(GB)
Bandwidth
(GB/s)[i]
Bus
width
(bit)
Half
precision

(boost)
Single
precision

(boost)
Double
precision

(boost)
Rays/s
(billions)
RTX-OPS
(trillions)
Tensor
TFLOPS

GeForce RTX
3050
Laptop[68][69][70]
May 11, 2021 GA107
(GN20-P0)
? ? 2048
64:32:16:64
16 2 712–1530
(1057–1740)
12.0 48.96
(55.68)
97.92
(111.4)
4 192 128 2.916
(4.329)
2.916
(4.329)
0.046
(0.067)
2.92–6.27
4.33–7.13
0.016–0.098
0.068–0.111
2.92–6.27
4.33–7.13
35–80
GeForce RTX
3050 Ti
Laptop[68][71][72]
GA107
(GN20-P1)
2560
80:32:20:80
20 735–1463
(1035–1695)
46.82
(54.24)
117.0
(135.6)
3.763
(5.299)
3.763
(5.299)
0.059
(0.082)
3.76–7.49
5.30–8.68
0.059–0.117
0.083–0.136
3.76–7.49
5.30–8.68
GeForce RTX
3060
Laptop[68][73][74]
Feb 25, 2021 GA106
(GN20-E3)
13.25 276 3840
120:48:30:120
30 3 817–1387
(1283–1703)
14.0
(12.0)
66.58
(81.74)
166.4
(204.4)
6 336
(288)
192 6.912
(10.94)
6.912
(10.94)
0.108
(0.171)
6.91–10.65
9.85–13.08
0.108–0.166
0.154–0.204
6.91–10.65
9.85–13.08
60–115
GeForce RTX
3070
Laptop[68][75][76]
Jan 12, 2021 GA104-770
(GN20-E5)
17.4 392 5120
160:80:40:160
40 4 780–1215
(1290–1620)
97.20
(129.6)
194.4
(259.2)
8 448
(384)
256 11.36
(15.97)
11.36
(15.97)
0.178
(0.249)
11.37–12.44
13.21–16.59
0.178–0.194
0.206–0.259
11.37–12.44
13.21–16.59
80–125
Geforce RTX
3070 Ti
Laptop[68][77][78]
Feb 1, 2022 GA104
(GN20-E6)
5888
184:96:46:184
46 510–1035
(1035–1485)
99.36
(142.6)
190.4
(273.2)
12.93
(14.62)
12.93
(14.62)
0.202
(0.228)
GeForce RTX
3080
Laptop[68][79][80]
Jan 12, 2021 GA104-775
(GN20-E7)
6144
192:96:48:192
48 780–1350
(1245–1710)
129.6
(164.2)
259.2
(328.3)
8
16
13.64
(18.98)
13.64
(18.98)
0.213
(0.296)
13.64–16.59
15.30–21.01
0.213–0.259
0.239–0.328
13.64–16.59
15.30–21.01
80–150
Geforce RTX
3080 Ti
Laptop[68][81][67]
Feb 1, 2022 GA103
(GN20-E8)
? 496 7424
232:96:58:232
58 585–1230
(1125–1590)
16.0
(12.0)
118.1
(152.6)
285.4
(368.9)
16 512
(384)
14.43
(18.71)
14.43
(18.71)
0.225
(0.292)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Models with GA1xx-x02 chips feature improved Lite Hash Rate (LHR) limiter for cryptomining.[38][39]
  2. ^ a b Shader Processors , Texture mapping units : Render output units : Ray tracing cores : Tensor Cores
  3. ^ a b The number of Streaming multi-processors on the GPU.
  4. ^ a b Core boost values (if available) are stated below the base value inside bracket.
  5. ^ a b Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of render output units (ROPs) multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  6. ^ a b Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of texture mapping units (TMUs) multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  7. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation. Calculation for accumulated Tensor (FP16) computation is: Tensor Cores * core clock * 256 / 1000.When used with sparsity feature, ratio is 2:1.
  8. ^ Cards with GDDR6X send two bits per transfer. The transfer rate should not be confused with the bit rate.
  9. ^ a b Max-Q design values are also accounted inside final clock rate value. For models with Max-Q technology the effective speeds of memory transfer and bandwidth is stated below inside brackets.

References[edit]

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  4. ^ "Support Plan for Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 | NVIDIA". nvidia.custhelp.com. Retrieved November 25, 2021.
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  6. ^ "GeForce Special Event". Nvidia. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "NVIDIA Delivers Quantum Leap in Performance, Introduces New Era of Neural Rendering With GeForce RTX 40 Series | NVIDIA Newsroom". nvidianews.nvidia.com. September 20, 2022.
  8. ^ a b D'Anastasio, Cecilia (November 13, 2020). "Desperate Gamers Camp Out in the Pandemic for $700 GPUs | WIRED". Wired.
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