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Gebru Asrat is an Ethiopian politician, president of Tigray Region (1991–2001), and one of the top leaders and executive central committee member as well as politburo member of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRF).
After the TPLF defeated the Derg in the Ethiopian Civil War, Gebru became President of Tigray Region. Under Gebru a number of institutions of higher education, industries, hospitals and infrastructures were established in Tigray.
In May 1998, Eritrea started a border war which led to the death of tens of thousands of people on both sides. By the end of the war, the Ethiopian army recovered the town of Badme and drove back Eritrean forces until they controlled around one-third of Eritrean territory, including Barentu region.
However, Meles Zenawi signed a controversial UN peace treaty that was seen to have favored Eritrea. A faction led by Defense Minister Siye Abraha and Gebru Asrat disagreed with those aligned with Meles over "key issues of ideology", accused their supporters of corruption and Meles of failing to act quickly or decisively enough over the crisis with Eritrea. "Meles was certainly seen as a reluctant warrior," according to a source quoted by IRIN. The party was divided into two groups. One group, which included Gebru, Tewolde Wolde Mariam, Aregash, and Siye Abraha, believed that the leadership was bent on serving foreign "imperialist" interests. The other group which included Meles Zenawi argued that the TPLF was sinking into decadence, involving itself in Bonapartism.
Gebru left TPLF and EPRDF in the early 2000s after the division and went on to establish Arena Tigray, an alternative political party to TPLF in Tigray. Gebru became its chairman in 2007; Arena Tigray merged with other opposition parties in Ethiopia to form Medrek. Gebru run for the parliamentary seat representing the city of Mekelle in the 2010 parliamentary elections but lost.
- "Eritrea broke law in border war", BBC News website, published 21 December 2005
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 2015-04-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Ethiopia: Government moves on dissident group", IRIN, published 27 March 2001 . Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- Issayas Mekuria, "Seeye Abraha Out from Jail", Addis Fortune, 7 July 2007 (Internet Archive mirror, accessed 20 May 2009)[dead link]