Geeta Dutt

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Geeta Dutt
Portrait of Indian playback singer Geeta Dutt.jpg
BornGeeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri
(1930-11-23)23 November 1930
Faridpur, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died20 July 1972(1972-07-20) (aged 41)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Cause of deathCirrhosis of liver
OccupationPlayback Singer, Classical artist, actress
Years active1946–1971
Spouse(s)
Guru Dutt (m. 1953–1964)

(his death)

Geeta Dutt (born Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri; 23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972[1]) was a prominent Indian playback singer and a famous bengali-hindi classical artist, born in Faridpur before the Partition of India. She found particular prominence as a playback singer in Hindi cinema. She also sang many modern Bengali songs, both in film and non-film genre.

Early life[edit]

Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri was one of 10 children born to a wealthy Zamindar family in a village named Idilpur, presently under Gosairhat Upzilla of Shariatpur District, Bangladesh, formerly under Faridpur district in Bengal, British India. Her family moved to Calcutta and Assam in the early forties, leaving behind their land and properties. In 1942, her parents moved to an apartment in Bombay. Geeta was twelve and continued her schooling at the Bengali High School.[1]

Singing career[edit]

2016 postcard and stamp featuring Geeta Dutt from the series Legendary Singers of India

K. Hanuman Prasad took Geeta under his patronage, trained and groomed her in singing and later launched her into singing for movies. In 1946, she got the first break with an opportunity to sing in the mythological film Bhakta Prahlad for which Prasad was the music director. She was given two lines to sing for two songs. She was sixteen at that time.

In 1947, she sang for Hanuman Prasad's other releases.

  • "Nainon Ki Pyaali Se Hoto Ki Madira" (Rasili)
  • "Neha Lagake Mukh Mod Gaya" (Rasili)
  • "Aaja Ri Nindiya Aaja": a lullaby alongside the established playback singer Parul Ghosh (Nai Maa)

Personal life[edit]

During Geeta's recording of songs for the movie Baazi, she met its young up-and-coming director, Guru Dutt. Their romance culminated in marriage on 26 May 1953. Together they had three children: Tarun (1954-1985), Arun (1956-2014) and Nina (b. 1964). She also cut a number Non-film discs, singing to the tune of notable music directors like Sudhin Dasgupta and Anal Chatterjee.

In 1957, Guru Dutt launched a movie Gauri with Geeta Dutt as its singing star. If was to be India's first movie in cinemascope but the project was shelved only by a few days of the shooting. By then, Guru Dutt had got romantically involved with Waheeda Rehman and Geeta had taken to drinking. The break up or their marriage affected Geeta's singing career.

In 1958, S.D. Burman had developed discord with Lata Mangeshkar as a playback singer and he attempted to work with Geeta as the main singer of his compositions rather than the upcoming Asha Bhosle who, he felt, was relatively raw. However, out of her personal problems, Geeta would not practice her art sufficiently and failed to meet Burman's demanding standards. He and O.P. Nayyar then started to work with Asha and helped her blossom as a singer.

In 1964, Guru Dutt died from a combination of alcohol and an overdose of sleeping pills. (His death was widely perceived as a suicide following two earlier attempts.[2]) Geeta then suffered a serious nervous breakdown and ran into financial problems. She tried to resume her singing career, cutting discs at Durgā Pujā and giving stage shows. She performed in a leading role in a Bengali movie, Badhu Baran (1967), and sang admirably Anubhav (1971), which was her final performance to the music of Kanu Roy.

Death[edit]

Geeta died of cirrhosis of the liver due to excessive consumption of alcohol on 20 July 1972 in Mumbai.

Notable songs[edit]

She is supposed to have sung over 1200 songs in Hindi films. In addition, she has sung songs in many Indian regional languages including Marathi, Bengali, Maithili, Bhojpuri and Punjabi. She has sung in Nepali evergreen movie Maitighar.[3]

Some of the songs sung under S. D. Burman's direction:[4]

  • "Mera Sundar Sapna Beet Gaya" (Do Bhai – 1947 )[5]
  • "Woh Sapne Waali Raat" (Pyaar – 1950)
  • "Tadbir Se Bigdi Hui Taqdeer" (Baazi – 1951)
  • "Aan Milo Aan Milo" (Devdas – 1955 ) With Manna Dey
  • "Aaj Sajan Mohe Ang Lagalo" (Pyaasa – 1957)
  • " Jane kya tune kahi" (Pyaasa – 1957)
  • "Hum Aap Ke Aankhon Main" (Pyaasa – 1957) with Mohd. Rafi
  • "Hawa Dhire Aana" (Sujata – 1959)
  • "Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam" (Kaagaz Ke Phool – 1959)
  • "Janu janu re" (Insaan Jaag Utha) with Asha Bhonsle

Some of the songs she sang under O. P. Nayyar's direction:[6]

  • "Zara Saamne Aa" (Baaz – 1953)
  • "Babuji Dhire Chalna" (Aar Paar – 1954)
  • "Thandi Hawa Kali Ghata" (Mr. & Mrs. '55 – 1955)
  • "Jaane Kahan Mera Jigar Gaya Ji" (Mr. & Mrs. '55 – 1955)
  • "Jab Badal Lehraya" (Chhoomantar – 1956)
  • "Mere Zindagi Ke Humsafar" (Shrimati 420 – 1956)
  • "Jaata Kahan Hai" (CID – 1956)
  • "Aye Dil Hain Mushkil" (Aka "Bombay Meri Jaan") (CID – 1956), With Mohammed Rafi
  • "Chor, Lutere, Daku" (Ustad – 1957)
  • "Mera Naam Chin Chin Chu" (Howrah Bridge – 1958)
  • "Kaisa Jadoo Balam Tune Dara" (12 O'clock – 1958)

Some of the songs sung under Hemant Kumar's direction[7]

Madan Mohan's direction

For movie Anubhav (1971)

  • "Mujhe Jaan Nah Kaho Meri Jaan" (Anubhav – 1971) Music: Kanu Roy
  • "Mera Dil Jo Mera Hota" (Anubhav – 1971) Music: Kanu Roy
  • "Koi Chupke Se Aake" (Anubhav – 1971) Music: Kanu Roy

Several songs from Jogan:

  • "Ghunghat Ke Pat Khol"
  • "Mein Tou Girdhar Ke Ghar Jaon"
  • "Mat Ja Mat Ja Jogi"
  • "Dag Mag Dag Mag Dole Naiya"
  • "Mein Tou Prem Diwani"

Some Bengali songs:[9]

  • 'Shachimata Go Char Juge Hai' (1950)
  • 'Ekhan-O Dustar Lajja' (1952)
  • 'Ei Sundar Swarnali Sandhyay' (Hospital, 1960; Music: Amal Mukherjee)
  • 'Katha Achhe Tumi Aj Asbe (Kanu Ghosh 1960)
  • 'Ei Mayabi Tithi' (Shonar Horin, 1959; Music: Hemant Mukherjee)
  • 'Tumi Je Amar'[10] (Harano Sur, 1958; Music: Hemant Kumar)
  • 'Nishiraat Banka Chand Aakashe' (Prithibi Aamare Chaay, 1957; Music: Nachiketa Ghosh)
  • 'Jhanak Jhanak Kanak Kankan Baaje' (Indrani, 1958; Music : Nachiketa Ghosh)
  • ' Sundar, jano na ki.....' ( Indrani, 1958; Music : Nachiketa Ghosh)
  • ' Nir chhoto kshati nei ' [duet with Hemanta Mukherjee]( Indrani, 1958; Music : Nachiketa Ghosh)
  • ' Kancher churir chhata' ( Dak Harkara; Music : Sudhin Dasgupta)

A few Bengali songs of non-film genre:

  • ' Kato gaan haralam tomar majhe ' (Music : Anal Chatterjee)
  • ' Krishnachura aagun tumi ' (Music : Sudhin Dasgupta)
  • ' Ektu chaoya, ektu paoya ' (Music : Sudhin Dasgupta)
  • '..Aay aay moynamotir ganye ' (Music : Kanu Roy)

Government recognition[edit]

2013 stamp of India featuring Dutt

Postage stamps featuring Dutt were issued by India Post in 2013 and 2016.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ali, Nasir. "The Impact of Geeta Roy in Nineteen Forties". geetadutt.com. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  2. ^ 'Guru Dutt attempted suicide thrice' Rediff.com 8 October 2004.
  3. ^ 'The Geeta Dutt Website'. Geetadutt.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-06.
  4. ^ 'Geeta Dutt's Collaboration with S.D. Burman'. Geetadutt.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-06.
  5. ^ Video on YouTube
  6. ^ 'Geeta Dutt's Collaboration With O.P. Nayyar' Archived 29 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ 'Geeta Dutt's Collaboration With Hemant Kumar' Archived 24 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Video on YouTube
  9. ^ 'Geeta Dutt's Bengali Film Career' Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Tumi Je Amar". Youtube.Com. Retrieved 29 March 2008.

External links[edit]