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The Geibi Line (芸備線 Geibi-sen?) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in the mountainous area of the Chūgoku region in Japan. It begins at Bitchū Kōjiro Station on the west side of Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, connecting through Miyoshi Station in Miyoshi, Hiroshima Prefecture, and terminating at Hiroshima Station in Hiroshima. In addition to the Chūgoku Expressway, the Geibi Line is considered the main commuter and local rail line covering the route between northern Hiroshima Prefecture and the city of Hiroshima. The name of the line refers to the ancient provinces of Aki (安芸?) (in Hiroshima Prefecture) and Bitchū (備中?) (in Okayama Prefecture), which the line connects.
Listed in order from Bitchū Kōjiro Station to Hiroshima Station, though the chart shows through Niimi Station for convenience as most schedules show through Niimi and the train will indicate the last stop as Niimi.
- A ● indicates a station at which the train stops, and ｜ indicates a station at which that particular train does not stop. Local trains stop at all stations.
- Stations Karuga to Hiroshima are part of the Hiroshima City Network.
|Hakubi Line||Niimi||新見||Kishin Line||Niimi||Okayama Prefecture|
|Bitchū Kōjiro||備中神代||0.0||Hakubi Line|
|Bingo Ochiai||備後落合||44.6||Kisuki Line|
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The Geibi Line consists of the section opened by the Geibi Railway, which connected Hiroshima Station and Bingo Shōbara, the Shōbara Line between Bingo Shōbara and Bingo Ochiai which was partly built by the Geibi Railway and then nationalised and extended by the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) and the Sanshin Line built by the JGR between Onuka and Bitchū Kōjiro. In 1936, the line between Hiroshima and Bitchū Kōjiro was completed, and the Geibi Railway was nationalised the following year, bringing the entire line under the control of the JGR. Opening dates for individual sections are given below.
- 18 April 1915: The Geibi Railway opened between Higashi Hiroshima (different from the current Higashi-Hiroshima Station) and Shiwachi.
- 1 June 1915: The line is extended from Shiwachi to Miyoshi (the current Nishi Miyoshi Station).
- 15 April 1916: Hesaka Station opens.
- 15 July 1920: The line between Hiroshima and Higashi Hiroshima opens. JNR Hiroshima Station opens.
- 7 June 1922: The line between Miyoshi (the current Nishi Miyoshi Station) and Shiomachi (the current Kamisugi Station) opens.
- 8 December 1923: The line between Shiomachi (the current Kamisugi Station) and Bingo Shōbara opens.
- 20 September 1924: Nakafukawa Station and Yamanouchi Station open.
- 1 February 1925: Wadamura Station becomes Shimowachi Station.
- 20 March 1929: Yaga Station and Kamifukawa Station open.
- 1 January 1930: Shirakiyamaguchi Station, Mita Yoshinaga Station, and Tōkaichi Station open.
- 22 April 1930: Takō Station (the current Shiomachi Station) opens.
- 25 April 1930: Mikkaichi Station opens.
- 1 June 1933: Tōkaichi Station is renamed Bingo Tōkaichi Station and Mikkaichi Station is renamed Bingo Mikkaichi Station. The Geibi Railway line between Bingo Tōkaichi Station (the current Miyoshi Station) and Bingo Shōbara Station is nationalized and renamed the Shōbara Line.
- 1 January 1934: Shiomachi Station is renamed Kamisugi Station, and Takō Station is renamed Shiomachi Station.
- 15 March 1934: The line between Bingo Shōbara Station and Bingo Saijō Station opens.
- 20 December 1935: The line between Bingo Saijō Station and Bingo Ochiai Station opened.
- 10 February 1930: The Sanshin Line opens between Bitchū Kōjiro Station and Yagami Station.
- 25 November 1930: The line opens between Yagami Station and Tōjō Station.
- 15 June 1935: The line between Tōjō Station and Onuka Station opens.
- 10 October 1936: The line between Onuka Station and Bingo Ochia Station opens. The Shōbara Line is absorbed into the Sanshin Line, which now includes everything between Bitchū Kōjiro Station and Bingo Tōkaichi Station.
- 21 November 1936: Dōgoyama Station opens.
- 1 July 1937: The Geibi Railway line between Hiroshima Station and Bingo Tōkaichi Station is nationalized, and the Sanshin Line is absorbed into the Geibi Line. Kawatachi Station is renamed Kamikawatachi Station, Mita Yoshinaga Station is renamed Kamimita Station, Shirakiyamaguchi Station is renamed Shirakiyama Station, and Yaguchi Station is renamed Akiyaguchi Station.
- 10 August 1941: Kamifukawa Station and Yaga Station close.
- 28 October 1942: Yaga Station closes, and a signal box is installed.
- 2 April 1943: Yaga Station reopens.
- 10 August 1948: Kamifukawa Station reopens.
- 1 February 1952: Hirako Station opens.
- 1 October 1953: Ichioka Station opens.
- 10 November 1954: The former Miyoshi Station is renamed Nishi Miyoshi Station.
- 10 December 1954: Bingo Tōkaichi Station is renamed Miyoshi Station.
- 20 July 1955: Uchina Station opens.
- 11 November 1955: The Chidori service begins.
- 20 December 1956: Bingo Kumano Station is renamed Hibayama Station.
- 13 April 1959: The Chidori is upgraded to a local express train.
- 15 March 1962: The Taishaku service begins.
- 5 March 1968: The Taishaku and Chidori services are upgraded to regular express trains.
- 1 March 1983: The line between Miyoshi Station and Hiroshima Station uses CTC.
- 31 October 1983: The line between Bitchū Kōjiro and Miyoshi uses CTC.
- 15 March 1985: The Miyoshi express service begins.
- 1 November 1986: Freight service is discontinued on the Geibi Line.
- 1 April 1987: The Geibi Line becomes part of West Japan Railway Company following privatization of Japanese National Railways.
- 1 April 1991: Wanman driver-only operation commences on the line between Niimi and Miyoshi.
- 1 November 1991: The line between Miyoshi and Hiroshima is converted to wanman driver-only operation.
- 22 March 2002: The Chidori and Taishaku express services are absorbed into the Miyoshi express service.
- 1 October 2003: The Miyoshi Liner and Tsūkin Liner services begin.
- 23 April 2006: The Geibi Line is moved between Kamikawatachi and Kōtachi following widening of Hiroshima Prefectural Route 37 between Hiroshima and Miyoshi.
- 19 July 2006: Services between Bingo Ochiai and Bingo Saijō are suspended due to storm damage of the Geibi Line. An interim bus service begins the following day.
- 1 April 2007: Train service is resumed between Bingo Ochiai and Bingo Saijō.
- 1 July 2007: Miyoshi express services are discontinued, and Tsūkin Liner rapid services are integrated into Miyoshi Liner rapid services.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.
- 平成19年夏のダイヤ改正（広島・山口エリア） [Summer 2007 timetable revision (Hiroshima and Yamaguchi area)]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 9 May 2007. Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2015.