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Geisel is a river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is a tributary of the Saale River. The source of the Geisel, the Geiselquell, is located in the village of Sankt Micheln just west of Mücheln (Geiseltal). The Geisel flows east through Geiseltal, or Geisel valley, until it joins briefly with the Klia under the Vor den Klausentor Bridge in Merseberg just before emptying into the Saale River.
It is probable that the name is related to Geusa, a small village in the Geisel valley dating back to the early 9th century, but since both names date back to the days of Charlemagne, the original spelling and etymology have been lost. One possibility is that the name originates from the Old High Germangewi, from the Gothicgavi, (neuter) or gaujis (genitive), a medieval term for a region within a country, often a former or actual province. The name may also originate from the LangobardicpatronymGiso, a variant of Adalgis, meaning "noble, precious promise." Finally, the name may be related to the German geiß, meaning "goat".