Gelston, Lincolnshire

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Gelston
Ancient Cross - geograph.org.uk - 166840.jpg
15th century cross, Gelston
Gelston is located in Lincolnshire
Gelston
Gelston
Location within Lincolnshire
OS grid referenceSK913453
• London105 mi (169 km) S
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGRANTHAM
Postcode districtNG32
Dialling code01400
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
52°59′50″N 0°38′28″W / 52.997254°N 0.641095°W / 52.997254; -0.641095Coordinates: 52°59′50″N 0°38′28″W / 52.997254°N 0.641095°W / 52.997254; -0.641095

Gelston is a village in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is 2 miles (3 km) west from the A607 road, 5 miles (8 km) north from Grantham, and in the civil parish of Hough-on-the-Hill,[1] a village 1 mile (1.6 km) to the north-east. It is in the civil parish of Brant Broughton and Stragglethorpe.

The village is included in the ecclesiastical parish of Hough-on-the Hill, part of the Loveden Deanery of the Diocese of Lincoln.[2]

History[edit]

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Gelston could be "a farmstead or a village of a man called Gjofull" – 'Gels' from an Old Scandinavian person name and 'ton' Old English for "enclosure, farmstead, village, manor [or] estate".[3]

Gelston is referred to in the 1086 Domesday account as "Chevelestune"[4] in the manor of Hough-on-the-Hill, and in the Loveden Hundred of Kesteven. It had 26 households, 18 villagers, 6 smallholders and 2 freemen, with 16 ploughlands, a meadow of 146 acres (0.6 km2) and a woodland of 200 acres (0.8 km2). In 1066 Earl Ralph was Lord of the Manor; after 1086 this transferred to Count Alan of Brittany, who also became Tenant-in-chief.[5]

In 1885 Kelly's Directory noted: "at Gelston there is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists; and an ancient cross".[6] The Wesleyan chapel was built in 1839, closed in 1958, and is now a private residence.[7] The medieval limestone cross on the village green dates from the 15th century, is Grade II listed and is a scheduled ancient monument.[8][9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hough on The Hill Parish Council", Lincolnshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2013
  2. ^ "...for Brandon, Gelston, Hough on the Hill and surrounding villages in Lincolnshire", Loveden.org.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2013
  3. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, pp.203, 525, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
  4. ^ "Documents Online: Gelston, Lincolnshire", Great Domesday Book, Folio: 247v; The National Archives. Retrieved 4 July 2012
  5. ^ "Gelston" Archived 20 April 2013 at Archive.today, Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2012
  6. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 490, 491
  7. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1378669". PastScape. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Cross, Gelston Green (1146907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Gelston village cross (1009217)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 504671". PastScape. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  11. ^ SK9130245324 Remains of 15th-century cross

External links[edit]