15th century cross, Gelston
|OS grid reference|
|• London||105 mi (169 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Gelston is a village in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 2 miles (3.2 km) west from the A607 road, 5 miles (8 km) north from Grantham, and in the civil parish of Hough-on-the-Hill, a village 1 mile (1.6 km) to the north-east. It is in the civil parish of Brant Broughton and Stragglethorpe.
According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Gelston could be "a farmstead or a village of a man called Gjofull" – 'Gels' from an Old Scandinavian person name and 'ton' Old English for "enclosure, farmstead, village, manor [or] estate".
Gelston is referred to in the 1086 Domesday account as "Chevelestune" in the manor of Hough-on-the-Hill, and in the Loveden Hundred of Kesteven. It had 26 households, 18 villagers, 6 smallholders and 2 freemen, with 16 ploughlands, a meadow of 146 acres (0.6 km2) and a woodland of 200 acres (0.8 km2). In 1066 Earl Ralph was Lord of the Manor; after 1086 this transferred to Count Alan of Brittany, who also became Tenant-in-chief.
In 1885 Kelly's Directory noted: "at Gelston there is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists; and an ancient cross". The Wesleyan chapel was built in 1839, closed in 1958, and is now a private residence. The medieval limestone cross dates from the 15th century, is Grade II listed and a scheduled ancient monument.
- "Hough on The Hill Parish Council", Lincolnshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2013
- "...for Brandon, Gelston, Hough on the Hill and surrounding villages in Lincolnshire", Loveden.org.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, pp.203, 525, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
- "Documents Online: Gelston, Lincolnshire", Great Domesday Book, Folio: 247v; The National Archives. Retrieved 4 July 2012
- "Gelston", Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2012
- Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 490, 491
- Historic England. "Monument No. 1378669". PastScape. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Historic England. "Cross, Gelston Green (1146907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Historic England. "Gelston village cross (1009217)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 504671". PastScape. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Remains of 15th-century cross
- Media related to Gelston, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons