Important Bronze Age finds have been made in the village. In historical records, the village was first mentioned in 1198 as Gomur (1216 Gumur, 1289 Gemer) as a settlement below the much older Gemer Castle (which was originally a Slavic fortified settlement). The castle was the capital of Gemer and control point of all the ways for Spiš County.
The settlement below the castle was a royal dominion and in the 14th century it became the capital of Gemer. It was besieged by the Bohemian condottiere Jiskra in the 15th century and it was pillaged by Turks in the 16th century. From 1938 to 1945 it belonged to Hungary under the First Vienna Award.
- Samo Chalupka
- István Gyöngyösi
- Ján Kalinčiak
- Janko Kráľ
- Janko Matúška
- Francis II Rákóczi
- Sándor Rudnay
- Sándor Petőfi
- Pavel Jozef Šafárik
- Jonáš Záborský
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Banska Bystrica, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1733-1896 (parish B)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1730-1895 (parish A)
- Reformated church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1707-1870 (parish B)
- Surnames of living people in Gemer
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