From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ruvettus pretiosus.jpg
Oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Suborder: Scombroidei
Family: Gempylidae
T. N. Gill, 1862

The Gempylidae are a family of perciform fishes, commonly known as snake mackerels or escolars. The family includes about 25 species.

They are elongated fishes with a similar appearance to barracudas, having a long dorsal fin, usually with one or finlets trailing it. The largest species, including the snoek, Thyrsites atun, grow up to 2 m long. Like the barracudas, they are predators, with fang-like teeth.[2]

They are deep-water benthopelagic fishes, and several species are important commercial and game fishes.



See also[edit]

  • Euzaphlegidae, an extinct group, or possibly subtaxon of extinct relatives endemic to Late Miocene Southern California.


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Gempylidae" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  2. ^ Johnson, G.D.; Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.

External links[edit]