|Oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus|
T. N. Gill, 1862
The Gempylidae are a family of perciform fishes, commonly known as snake mackerels or escolars. The family includes about 25 species.
They are elongated fishes with a similar appearance to barracudas, having a long dorsal fin, usually with one or finlets trailing it. The largest species, including the snoek, Thyrsites atun, grow up to 2 m long. Like the barracudas, they are predators, with fang-like teeth.
They are deep-water benthopelagic fishes, and several species are important commercial and game fishes.
- Euzaphlegidae, an extinct group, or possibly subtaxon of extinct relatives endemic to Late Miocene Southern California.
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
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