Gender Parity Index

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The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is a socioeconomic index usually designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females. This index is released by UNESCO. In its simplest form, it is calculated as the quotient of the number of females by the number of males enrolled in a given stage of education (primary, secondary, etc.). It is used by international organizations, particularly in measuring the progress of developing countries. The Institute for Statistics of UNESCO also uses a more general definition of GPI: for any development indicator one can define the GPI relative to this indicator by dividing its value for females by its value for males.[1] For example, some UNESCO documents consider gender parity in literacy.[2]

UNESCO describes attempts to eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education and emphasizes the plight of girls in unequal access in third world countries.[3] However, the GPI ignores the gender disparity that benefits first-world women in tertiary education as in Iceland, for example, where 65% of students enrolling in tertiary education are female.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Koronkiewicz, Michael. "Gender Parity Index" (PDF). UNESCO Bangkok. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
  2. ^ "Education for All (EFA) in least developed countries" (PDF). UNESCO. 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
  3. ^ Koronkiewicz, Michael. "Gender Parity Index" (PDF). UNESCO Bangkok. Retrieved 2008-11-26.