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A gender crime is a hate crime committed against a specific gender. Specific gender crimes may include some instances of rape, genital mutilation, forced prostitution, and forced pregnancy. Often gender crimes are committed during armed conflict or during times of political upheaval or instability. Some examples of these conflicts include the Yugoslavian Civil War and the Rwandan genocide.
Gender crime is not universally recognized as a category of hate crime but is increasingly being included in the United States as a category in state and federal hate crime laws. Internationally most gender crimes committed during times of war are recognized as war crimes as set forth by the Fourth Geneva Convention. Revenge porn and other online behavior are seen as a hate crime.
- Jessica P. Hodge (2011). Gendered Hate: Exploring Gender in Hate Crime Law. UPNE. ISBN 978-1-55553-757-9.
- Danielle Keats Citron (22 September 2014). Hate Crimes in Cyberspace. Harvard University Press. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-674-36829-3.
- GÜLEN ÖZEL (April 2006). SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN CIVIL WARS: AN ANALYSIS OF YUGOSLAVIAN CIVIL WAR (PDF).
- Joseph Schaeffer (6 August 2010). "TANZANIA: Prosecution of Rwanda Gender Crimes at the ICTR". Jurist. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Collyer Bristow (10 October 2014). "Hate crimes and drag queens in cyber space". The Lawyer. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Soraya Chemaly (October 14, 2014). "A Million Peeping Toms: When Hacking Is Also a Hate Crime". Time. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
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