Gene Deitch in 2007
August 8, 1924|
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Occupation||Illustrator, animator, director|
Marie Deitch (m. 1943–?)|
Zdenka Deitchova (née Najmanová; m. 1964–present)
|Children||3 (including Kim Deitch)|
Eugene Merril Deitch (born August 8, 1924) is a Czech-American illustrator, animator and film director. Based in Prague since 1959, Deitch is known for creating animated cartoons such as Munro, Tom Terrific, and Nudnik, as well as his work on the Popeye and Tom and Jerry series.
Early life and career
Deitch was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of salesman Joseph Deitch and Ruth Delson Deitch. In 1929, the family moved to California, and Deitch attended school in Hollywood. He graduated from Los Angeles High School in 1942, and began working for North American Aviation, drawing aircraft blueprints. In 1943, Deitch was drafted and underwent pilot training before catching pneumonia and being honorably discharged in May of the following year.
Deitch took a position at the animation studio United Productions of America (UPA) and later became the creative director of Terrytoons, creating such characters as Sidney the Elephant, Gaston Le Crayon, John Doormat, and Clint Clobber. Beginning in 1955, while working at UPA, Deitch wrote and drew the United Feature Syndicate comic strip The Real-Great Adventures of Terr’ble Thompson!, Hero of History, starring a courageous child in fantastical adventures. A skit about Terr'ble Thompson had been recorded by Little Golden Records, with actor Art Carney and bandleader Mitch Miller participating. That led to the daily strip, which ran from Sunday, October 16, 1955, to April 14, 1956.
In the 1950s, Deitch was an early supporter of Connie Converse, one of the first American singer-songwriters. Converse appeared once on CBS television due in part to Deitch's connections with the network, but otherwise found little success and eventually abandoned music only to be rediscovered decades later.
In 1959, Deitch founded Gene Deitch Associates, Inc., which primarily produced television commercials. When client Rembrandt Films promised to fund Munro, an animated theatrical short Deitch wanted to create, Deitch relocated to the company's base in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in October 1959. He originally planned to spend only ten days in Prague, but after meeting his future wife, Zdena, decided to settle permanently in the city. During the following decade, he collaborated with Rembrandt to produce Popeye cartoons for television with King Features, as well as 13 new Tom and Jerry shorts for MGM, despite Deitch's misgiving about the latter character, whom he has cited as the "primary bad example of senseless violence — humor based on pain — attack and revenge — to say nothing of the tasteless use of a headless black woman stereotype house servant." Deitch has stated that, being a "UPA man", he was not a fan of the Tom and Jerry cartoons, thinking they were "needlessly violent." However, after being assigned to work on the series, he quickly realized that "nobody took [the violence] seriously", and it was merely "a parody of exaggerated human emotions." He also came to see what he perceived as the "biblical roots" in Tom and Jerry's conflict, similar to David and Goliath, stating "That's where we feel a connection to these cartoons: the little guy can win (or at least survive) to fight another day." Most fans regard Deitch's shorts as the worst in the Tom and Jerry series; however, some fans wrote positive letters to him, stating that his Tom and Jerry shorts were their personal favorites. Deitch's short film Munro won an Academy Award for Animated Short Film in 1961, the first short composed outside of the United States to be so honored.
With producer William L. Snyder, Deitch co-produced directed a series of TV shorts of Krazy Kat for King Features from 1962 to 1964. The Bluffers, which was based on one of Deitch's ideas, was also co-produced by him. He directed the 1966 film Alice of Wonderland in Paris, and a one-reel animation film of The Hobbit in 1966, on which he worked with Czech animator Jiri Trnka and illustrator Adolf Born. It was never shown in Communist Czechoslovakia. Also in 1966, Deitch created a young girl adventurer in Terr'ble Tessie.
From 1968 until his retirement in 2006, Deitch was the leading animation director for the Connecticut organization Weston Woods/Scholastic, adapting children's picture books. His studio is located in Prague near the Barrandov Studios, where many major films were recorded. Deitch's memoir, For the Love of Prague, is based on his experience of being what he called "the only free American living and working in Prague during 30 years of the Communist Party dictatorship." According to Deitch, while he was followed by the Communist secret police (Stb) and his phone was tapped, he was never aware of their presence and was never interrogated nor arrested.
Deitch met his first wife, Marie, when they both worked at North American Aviation, and they married in 1943. Their three sons, Kim, Simon, and Seth Deitch, are artists and writers for underground comix and alternative comics.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons (Illustrated ed.). New York City: Applause Theatre and Cinema Books. pp. 62–64. ISBN 978-1-55783-671-7.
- "Gene Deitch (born Eugene Merril Deitch), 1924". National Czech and Slovak Museum. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- Sidney the Elephant at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived January 20, 2015, at WebCite from the original on January 20, 2015.
- Gaston Le Crayon at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived April 16, 2012, at WebCite from the original on April 16, 2012.
- Clint Clobber at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived April 15, 2012, at WebCite from the original on April 16, 2012.
- The Real-Great Adventures of Terr’ble Thompson!, Hero of History at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived February 12, 2016, at WebCite from the original on February 12, 2016.
- Jefferson, Cord (August 3, 2010). "The Story of Connie Converse". The Awl. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- MacDougall, Kent (June 11, 1962). "Popeye, Tom & Jerry Join Trend to Shift Production Overseas". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Jsi buď komunista, nebo blázen, slýchával. Československo bylo jako středověk, líčí držitel Oscara / 'You are either a communist or a fool': Czechoslovakia was like the Middle Ages, says the Oscar winner" (in Czech). Czech Republic: DVTV. n.d. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
- Christopher, P. Lehman (2007). "The Cartoons of 1961–1962". American Animated Cartoons of the Vietnam Era: A Study of Social Commentary in Films and Television Programs, 1961–1973. McFarland & Company. pp. 23–24. ISBN 978-0-7864-2818-2.
- Deitch, Gene (2001). "Tom & Jerry: The First Reincarnation". How To Succeed in Animation. Animation World Network. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
- Deitch, Gene (2015). Tom and Jerry...and Gene in Tom and Jerry: The Gene Deitch Collection (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- North, Jonathan (June 21, 2015). "'Tom and Jerry: The Gene Deitch Collection' – DVD Review". Rotoscopers.com. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- "The 33rd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
Short Subject (Cartoon): Winner - Munro, William L. Snyder, Producer
- "Anatomy of an Oscar" Occasional Deitch 2007, page 3, retrieved [2007-11-04].
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Deitch, G., For the Love of Prague, 6th edition (Prague: John Caullkins, 2015).
- "Winsor McCay Award". Annie Awards / ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- Kim Deitch at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved on November 12, 2013. Archived from the original on September 7, 2013.
- Jandová, Lucie (May 5, 2018). "Gene Deitch: Že bych zůstal v Československu žít, tehdy nikoho nenapadlo / Gene Deitch: I would live in Czechoslovakia, then did not think anyone". Právo (in Czech). Czech Republic. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018 – via Novinky.cz.
- Official website Archived from the original on August 1, 2015,
- Gene Deitch Credits (additional official site) Archived from the original on September 22, 2015.
- Gene Deitch on IMDb
- Gene Deitch at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved on November 6, 2013. Archived at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved on November 6, 2013. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015.
- Beck, Jerry, and Amidi, Amid, eds. (April 15, 2010). "TV #22: 'Howdy Doody and His Magic Hat' (1953)". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2015. Includes biographical sidebar by Deitch.
- Deitch, Gene (November 18, 2013). "How To Succeed in Animation". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015. (Online instructional course)
- "Deitch, Gene". ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Archive: Cartoon Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012.