Eugene Merril Deitch
August 8, 1924
|Died||April 16, 2020 (aged 95)|
|Occupation||Illustrator, animator, director|
|Spouse(s)||Marie (m. 1943; div. before 1964)|
|Children||3, including Kim|
|Awards||Inkpot Award (2013)|
|Website||Archived at archive.org|
Eugene Merril Deitch (August 8, 1924 – April 16, 2020) was an American illustrator, animator, comics artist, and film director who was based in Prague from the 1960s until his death in 2020. Deitch was known for creating animated cartoons such as Munro, Tom Terrific, and Nudnik, as well as his work on the Popeye and Tom and Jerry series.
Deitch was born in Chicago on August 8, 1924, the son of salesman Joseph Deitch and Ruth Delson Deitch. In 1929, the family moved to California, and Deitch attended school in Hollywood. He graduated from Los Angeles High School in 1942.
After graduating, Deitch began working for North American Aviation, drawing aircraft blueprints. In 1943, he was drafted and underwent pilot training before catching pneumonia and was honorably discharged in May of the following year. From 1940 to 1951, Deitch contributed covers and interior art to the jazz magazine The Record Changer. In the 1950s, Deitch was an early supporter and audio engineer for Connie Converse, one of the first American singer-songwriters. Converse appeared once on CBS television due in part to Deitch's connections with the network, but otherwise found little success and eventually abandoned music only to be rediscovered decades later, through recordings Deitch had made of her music in 1954.
In 1955, Deitch took an apprenticeship at the animation studio United Productions of America (UPA), and later became the creative director of Terrytoons, creating such characters as Sidney the Elephant, Gaston Le Crayon, Tom Terrific, and Clint Clobber. Beginning in 1955, while working at UPA, Deitch wrote and drew the United Feature Syndicate comic strip The Real-Great Adventures of Terr’ble Thompson!, Hero of History, starring a courageous child in fantastical adventures. A skit about Terr'ble Thompson had been recorded by Little Golden Records, with actor Art Carney and bandleader Mitch Miller participating. That led to the daily strip, which ran from Sunday, October 16, 1955, to April 14, 1956. In early 1958, his theatrical cartoon Sidney's Family Tree was nominated for an Academy Award. In August 1958, he was fired from Terrytoons and set up his own studio in New York called Gene Deitch Associates, Inc., which primarily produced television commercials.
When client Rembrandt Films promised to fund Munro, an animated theatrical short Deitch wanted to create, Deitch relocated to the company's base in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in October 1959. He originally planned to spend only ten days in Prague, but after meeting his future wife, Zdenka, decided to settle permanently in the city. Munro premiered in Czechoslovakia in September 1960 and in the U.S. on October 5, 1961, as a short preceding Breakfast at Tiffany's. It won an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 1961, the first short created outside of the United States to be so honored. Munro was preserved by the Academy Film Archive in 2004.
From 1960 to 1963, Deitch collaborated with Rembrandt to direct Popeye cartoons for television with King Features, and from 1961 to 1962 he directed 13 new Tom and Jerry shorts for MGM. Being a "UPA man", Deitch had misgivings about the latter property, thinking they were "needlessly violent". However, after being assigned to work on the series, he quickly realized that "nobody took [the violence] seriously", and it was merely "a parody of exaggerated human emotions". He also came to see what he perceived as the "biblical roots" in Tom and Jerry's conflict, similar to David and Goliath, stating "That's where we feel a connection to these cartoons: the little guy can win (or at least survive) to fight another day." Contemporary critics often regarded Deitch's shorts as the worst in the Tom and Jerry series; Deitch said some fans wrote positive letters to him, stating that his Tom and Jerry shorts were their personal favorites.
With producer William L. Snyder, Deitch co-produced and directed a series of TV shorts of Krazy Kat for King Features from 1962 to 1964. The Bluffers, which was based on one of Deitch's ideas, was also co-produced by him. He directed the 1966 film Alice of Wonderland in Paris. In 1966, he worked with Czech animator Jiří Trnka on a feature-length animated film adaptation of The Hobbit. However, producer William L. Snyder couldn't secure the funds, and in order to not let the rights for the novel expire, he asked Deitch to produce a short film adaptation in 30 days. Deitch and illustrator Adolf Born made a 13-minute animated film never intended for distribution; the film was long considered lost until it was rediscovered by Snyder's son and released on YouTube in 2012. Also in 1966, Deitch created a young girl adventurer in Terr'ble Tessie.
From 1969 until his retirement in 2008, Deitch was the leading animation director for the Connecticut organization Weston Woods Studios, adapting children's picture books. Deitch adapted 37 films for Weston Woods, from Drummer Hoff in 1969 to Voyage to the Bunny Planet in 2008. His studio was located in Prague near the Barrandov Studios, where many major films were shot. In 2003, Deitch was awarded the Annie Awards' Winsor McCay Award by ASIFA-Hollywood for a lifetime contribution to the art of animation.
Personal life and death
Deitch met his first wife, Marie, when they both worked at North American Aviation, and they married in 1943. Their three sons, Kim, Simon, and Seth Deitch, are artists and writers for underground and alternative comics.
Several days after arriving in Prague in October 1959, Deitch met Zdenka Najmanová, the production manager at the studio Bratři v triku where he worked. They married in 1964. Deitch's memoir, For the Love of Prague, is based on his experience of being what he called "the only free American living and working in Prague during 30 years of the Communist Party dictatorship". According to Deitch, although he was followed by the StB and his phone was tapped, he was never aware of their presence and was never interrogated nor arrested.
- "Gene Deitch, Part 1: The Oscar-winning US animator who made Tom and Jerry cartoons in communist Prague". Czech Radio. July 11, 2019.
Gene Deitch, who turns 95 next month, is by some distance the US citizen longest resident in Prague.
- Inkpot Award
- "Gene Deitch". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons (Illustrated ed.). New York City: Applause Theatre and Cinema Books. pp. 62–64. ISBN 978-1-55783-671-7.
- "Gene Deitch (born Eugene Merril Deitch), 1924". National Czech and Slovak Museum. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- "Mort de Gene Deitch, le papa de "Tom et Jerry" et de "Popeye"". Yahoo! Actualités. April 20, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- Jefferson, Cord (August 3, 2010). "The Story of Connie Converse". The Awl. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- Fishman, Howard (November 21, 2016). "Connie Converse's Time Has Come". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- Sidney the Elephant at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived January 20, 2015, at WebCite from the original on January 20, 2015.
- Gaston Le Crayon at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived April 16, 2012, at WebCite from the original on April 16, 2012.
- Clint Clobber at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived April 15, 2012, at WebCite from the original on April 16, 2012.
- The Real-Great Adventures of Terr’ble Thompson!, Hero of History at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived February 12, 2016, at WebCite from the original on February 12, 2016.
- MacDougall, Kent (June 11, 1962). "Popeye, Tom & Jerry Join Trend to Shift Production Overseas". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Jsi buď komunista, nebo blázen, slýchával. Československo bylo jako středověk, líčí držitel Oscara / 'You are either a communist or a fool': Czechoslovakia was like the Middle Ages, says the Oscar winner" (in Czech). Czech Republic: DVTV. n.d. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
- "The 33rd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
Short Subject (Cartoon): Winner – Munro, William L. Snyder, Producer
- "Anatomy of an Oscar" Archived March 3, 2005, at the Wayback Machine Occasional Deitch 2007, page 3, retrieved [2007-11-04].
- "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive.
- Christopher, P. Lehman (2007). "The Cartoons of 1961–1962". American Animated Cartoons of the Vietnam Era: A Study of Social Commentary in Films and Television Programs, 1961–1973. McFarland & Company. pp. 23–24. ISBN 978-0-7864-2818-2.
- Deitch, Gene (2001). "Tom & Jerry: The First Reincarnation". How To Succeed in Animation. Animation World Network. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
- Deitch, Gene (2015). Tom and Jerry...and Gene in Tom and Jerry: The Gene Deitch Collection (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- North, Jonathan (June 21, 2015). "'Tom and Jerry: The Gene Deitch Collection' – DVD Review". Rotoscopers.com. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
These shorts are some of the series' most controversial, as the animation style differs from the rest of the series, and critics of the time called them the worst of the entire series. Gene Deitch said that, despite the critics, he regularly had fans write and tell him that his shorts were among their personal favorites.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Cech, John. (2009). Imagination and innovation : the story of Weston Woods (1st ed.). New York: Scholastic Press. ISBN 978-0-545-08922-7. OCLC 310398653.
- "Winsor McCay Award". Annie Awards / ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "Kim Deitch". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Jandová, Lucie (May 5, 2018). "Gene Deitch: Že bych zůstal v Československu žít, tehdy nikoho nenapadlo / Gene Deitch: I would live in Czechoslovakia, then did not think anyone". Právo (in Czech). Czech Republic. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018 – via Novinky.cz.
- Deitch, G., For the Love of Prague, 6th edition (Prague: John Caullkins, 2015).
- "American animator, longtime Prague expat Gene Deitch passes away at age 95". Czech News Agency. April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020 – via Expats.cz.
- Amidi, Amid (April 17, 2020). "Gene Deitch, Cartoon Modernist Who Headed UPA New York And Terrytoons, Dies At 95". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on April 18, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- Kevin Scott Collier. The Amazing Transformations of Tom Terrific. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2017 Abc Marker manager. ISBN 1974583899
- Official website Archived from the original on August 1, 2015,
- Gene Deitch Credits (additional official site) Archived from the original on September 22, 2015.
- Gene Deitch at IMDb
- Beck, Jerry, and Amidi, Amid, eds. (April 15, 2010). "TV #22: 'Howdy Doody and His Magic Hat' (1953)". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2015.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Includes biographical sidebar by Deitch.
- Deitch, Gene (November 18, 2013). "How To Succeed in Animation". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015. (Online instructional course)
- "Deitch, Gene". ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Archive: Cartoon Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012.