Generación del 51
Generación del 51 is a designation for one of a series of "generations" of Spanish composers, identifying a group born between 1924 and 1938.
Members of this group of composers from the Basque and Castilian-speaking regions of Spain include (Perez Castillo 2001):
- Carmelo Alonso Bernaola (1929–2002)
- Miguel Alonso (1925–2002)
- Angel Arteaga
- Cristóbal Halffter (b. 1930)
- Ramón Barce (1928–2008)
- Agustín Bertomeu (b. 1929)
- Amando Blanquer (1935–2005)
- Francisco Calés (1925–1985)
- Manuel Castillo (1930–2005)
- Juan José Falcón Sanabria (b. 1936)
- Antón García Abril (b. 1933)
- Agustín González Acilu (b. 1929)
- Juan Hidalgo (b. 1927)
- Ángel Oliver (1937–2005)
- Luis de Pablo (b. 1930)
- Claudio Prieto (b. 1934)
In their earlier works, members of this generation tended toward the avant-garde, with post-Webernian serialism evident in the work of Halffter and Luis de Pablo in particular. By the end of the 1970s a mellowing of their language becomes apparent, and during the 1980s many of them began to turn to tonality of one sort or another (Perez Castillo 2001).
- Xavier Benguerel i Godó (b. 1931)
- Joan Guinjoan Gispert (b. 1931)
- Josep Mestres Quadreny (b. 1929)
- Josep Soler i Sardà (b. 1935)
Soler's compositional palette involves serial techniques, and he is particularly noted for his dramatic music (Perez Castillo 2001).
- Gómez, Maricarmen. 2001. "Barcelona". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Perez Castillo, Belen. 2001. "Spain, §I: Art music: 6. 20th century". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Charles Soler, Agustín. 2002. Análisis de la música española del siglo XX: En torno a la Generación del 51. Valencia: Rivera.
- Sagastume, Manu. 1996. "La Generación del 51." Kantuz, no. 32 (July–August): 27.