General-purpose modeling

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General-purpose modeling (GPM) is the systematic use of a general-purpose modeling language to represent the various facets of an object or a system. Examples of GPM languages are:

  • The Unified Modeling Language (UML), an industry standard for modeling software-intensive systems
  • EXPRESS, a data modeling language for product data, standardized as ISO 10303-11
  • IDEF, a group of languages from the 1970s that aimed to be neutral, generic and reusable
  • Gellish, an industry standard natural language oriented modeling language for storage and exchange of data and knowledge, published in 2005
  • XML, a data modeling language now beginning to be used to model code (MetaL, Microsoft .Net [1])

Contrast GPM languages with dedicated domain-specific modeling (DSM) languages, which like domain-specific languages (DSLs), are maturing and becoming a viable alternative to GPM languages.

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