General Directorate of Security (Turkey)
|General Directorate of Security|
Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü
|Elected officer responsible|
|Parent agency||Ministry of the Interior|
In the provinces, it operates under the command of governors (Turkish: vali) and district governors (Turkish: kaymakam). Civil administrators (Turkish: mülki amir) are responsible for the security and wellbeing of towns and districts. The Turkish national Police (TNP) operates within the network of the civil administration system and carries out its duties under the command and control of the civil authority. Town governors and heads of district administrations supervise the force.
The TNP is organised as follows:
- Central organisation
- Provincial organisation
Function and mission
In general, the police’s realm of responsibility is geographically located inside the municipal boundaries in Turkey. In accordance with the “Law on Duties and Powers of the Police”, the duties of the Police are to:
- provide public peace and order
- provide security of persons and properties
- detect, arrest and transfer both offenders and case evidence to the appropriate judicial bodies
- perform duties apart from the administrative such as judicial assigned by laws, regulations and government acts
- prevent crime in order to protect public safety and order
The TNP also has political duties such as the protection of the integrity of the state and the preservation of constitutional order. Furthermore, the TNP has administrative functions, including preventive, protective and assistance duties.
A Traffic Services Department, a Highways Traffic Security Council and a Supreme Board for Highway Security have been established in order to deal with traffic problems more effectively.
The TNP hosts the Istanbul Conference on Democracy and Global Security.
All Turkish police officers wear navy-blue uniforms and caps. Patrol cars can be identified by their unique blue-white design and the writing “Polis” (Turkish for 'Police') on the side doors and hood. Superintendents and inspectors wear silver stars rank on their shoulders. Highest-ranking officers wear gold stars.
Çevik Kuvvet armpatch
Some well-known police units in Turkey are:
- Martılar (English: Gulls) bike patrol units
- Yunuslar (English: Dolphins) motorcycle units
- Şahinler (English: Falcons) motorcycle units of the traffic department.
- TOMA's armored water cannon designed for riot control.
- Çevik Kuvvet (English: Agile Force) who handle riot control cases.
- Özel Harekat(English: Special Operations) which is the special response unit of the directorate (quite like the American SWAT or the German GSG 9).
- Karşı Atak Timi (English: Counter Attack Team) close protection service for Prime minister and president.
The TNP receives two categories of training, the first being in-service training provided by the Department of Education operating directly under the General Directorate of Security; whereas pre-profession training is provided by the Police Academy. The Police Academy offers five different training programs:
- Undergraduate Education (Police Professional High Schools; 2 years);
- Bachelor’s Degree Education (Security Sciences Faculty; 4 years);
- Postgraduate Training (Security Sciences Institute; four semesters);
- Training at State Higher Educational Institutions in Ankara;
- Management Training (Security Sciences Institute; Higher Level Management Training for Third Degree Chief Superintendents and in-service Mid-Level Management Training for Chief Inspectors.
Two Police Colleges (high school), in Ankara and Bursa, also operate directly under the General Directorate of Security. There are other educational institutions that give expert in-service training, such as the Turkish International Academy Against Drugs and Organized Crime and the Crime Investigation and Research Education Center.
- Beechcraft Super King Air
- Bell 206
- Bell 429
- MD Helicopters MD 600
- Sikorsky S-70
- TAI Anka
- Bayraktar UAV
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