Syed Ahmed El Edroos

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El Edroos
Born 3 March 1899
Died 1962
Allegiance Hyderabad State
Rank Commander-in-chief
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Operation Polo
Major General El Edroos (at right) offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri at Secunderabad.

Major-General Syed Ahmed El Edroos (Arabic: سيد احمد العيدروس‎‎, Saiyid Aḥmad al-‘aidarūs) was the commander-in-chief of the Hyderabad State army at the time of the annexation of Hyderabad State by India in 1948.


Syed Ahmed El Edroos was of Arab Hadhrami descent. He was commissioned in 1919. El Edroos participated in both World Wars, serving in the 1st Hyderabad Lancers.

El Edroos was a close confidante and trusted aide of the Nizam of Hyderabad. His brothers were also senior officers and distinguished members of the Nizam's army.

He advised the Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, not to fight and surrendered to the Indian Army forces outside of Hyderabad city.[1]

In September 1948 El Edross held the rank of Major-General and Commander of the State Army of Hyderabad. This numbered 6,000 men and consisted of three armoured regiments, a horse cavalry regiment, 11 infantry battalions and artillery. It was supported by 18,000 poorly armed and trained irregulars. In the course of Operation Polo the Indian Army was able to scatter this mixed force in five days of fighting. General El Edross, who had advised the Nizam against opposing the entry of Indian forces, surrendered on 17 September.


His autobiography "Hyderabad of the Seven Loaves" was published in April 1994 and presented a historical account of the Asaf Jahi dynasty with an autobiographical sketch of the author, covering the events of Hyderabad's merger with the Indian Union. It narrates several anecdotes and facts about the city during the Nizami reign. The book also contains some rare pictures of the royal and aristocratic events that took place at the time.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Leonard, Karen Isaksen (2007). Locating Home: India's Hyderabadis Abroad. Stanford University Press. pp. 25, 111. ISBN 0-8047-5442-X. 

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