General Electric T31

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General Electric T31, Presidential Gallery, National Museum USAF.jpg
A T31 in the Presidential Gallery of the National Museum of the United States Air Force
Type Turboprop
National origin United States
Manufacturer General Electric
First run May 1945
Major applications Consolidated Vultee XP-81
XF2R Dark Shark
Number built 28

The General Electric T31 (company designation TG-100) was the first turboprop engine designed and built in the United States.

Design and development[edit]

The XC-113, with T31 in the No. 2 position

The TG-100 benefited from the Anglo/American technology exchange with one of its designers, Glenn Warren, stating that one of the most important British contributions was the concept of multiple combustion cans.[1] The GE axial compressor design was directly influenced by NACA with their 8-stage compressor.[1] NACA had developed the theory and designed and tested the compressor.[2]

The General Electric XT31 was first used in the experimental Consolidated Vultee XP-81.[3] The XP-81 first flew in December 1945, the first aircraft to use a combination of turboprop and turbojet power.

The T31 engine was the first American turboprop engine to power an aircraft.[4] It made its initial flight in the Consolidated Vultee XP-81 on 21 December 1945. The T31 was mounted in the nose; an Allison J33 turbojet engine mounted in the rear fuselage provided added thrust. The T31 was also used on the Navy XF2R-1, similarly powered by a turboprop/turbojet engine combination. The engine was to have been flown experimentally on a Curtiss XC-113 (a converted Curtiss C-46), but the experiment was abandoned after the XC-113 was involved in a ground accident. Only 28 T31s were built; none were used in production aircraft, but improved production turboprop engines were developed from the technology pioneered by the T31.

A derivative of the T31, the General Electric TG-110, given the military designation T41, was ordered but subsequently cancelled.


Specification (XT31)[edit]

A T31 at Presidential Gallery, National Museum of the United States Air Force

General characteristics

  • Type: Turboprop
  • Length:
  • Diameter:
  • Dry weight: 1,980 lb


  • Compressor:


See also[edit]

Related development
Comparable engines
Related lists


  • Gunston, Bill (2006). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, 5th Edition. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire, England, UK: Sutton Publishing Limited. p. 79. ISBN 0-7509-4479-X. 

External links[edit]