General Holmes Drive

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General Holmes Drive
New South Wales
General Holmes Drive from aircraft window.jpg
General Holmes Drive, looking southwest from a airplane located at the Sydney Airport
Coordinates 33°56′44″S 151°10′49″E / 33.94556°S 151.18028°E / -33.94556; 151.18028Coordinates: 33°56′44″S 151°10′49″E / 33.94556°S 151.18028°E / -33.94556; 151.18028
General information
Type Motorway
Length 5 km (3.1 mi)
Route number(s)
  • (No shield)
  • Joyce Drive to Southern Cross Drive
  • M1 (2013–present)
  • Southern Cross Drive to M5 Motorway
  • A1 (2013–present)
  • M5 Motorway to The Grand Parade
Former
route number
  • Metroad 1 (1993–2013)
  • Southern Cross Drive to The Grand Parade
  • National Route 1 (??-1993)
  • Southern Cross Drive to The Grand Parade
Major junctions
NW end Joyce Drive
Mascot, Sydney
  Southern Cross Drive (M1)
M5 East Motorway (M5)
SE end The Grand Parade (A1)
Brighton-Le-Sands, Sydney
Location(s)
Major suburbs / towns Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in New South Wales

General Holmes Drive is a 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) major divided road located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The road forms part of the M1, the A1, the Sydney Orbital Network, and the Australian Highway 1 network. Initially built in 1919 as a two-lane road and duplicated in 1951, the road partially circumnavigates Sydney Airport with its north-western terminus in Mascot, heading east and then south and then south-east, with its south-eastern terminus with The Grand Parade in Ramsgate.[1]

The road forms major links with the Southern Cross Drive and the M5 East, both part of the Sydney Orbital Network.

The road is named in honour of William Holmes, a distinguished Australian general who died in action during World War I.

Route[edit]

In the northwest, General Holmes Drive starts from Joyce Drive in Mascot, and heads east, reaching a major intersection with Wentworth Drive that carries all traffic exiting from the domestic terminals at Sydney Airport.[2][3] Further east in Botany, the road meets the Mill Pond Road, a short road that connects with the Southern Cross Drive, carrying traffic north towards the Sydney central business district, with the south-westbound route providing access to both the international and the domestic terminals at Sydney Airport. Via an interchange, General Holmes Drive heads south, forming a junction with Foreshore Drive that carries traffic to Port Botany and La Perouse. General Holmes Drive then heads through the Sydney Airport Tunnel, an eight-lane tidal flow culvert under the south-eastern runways of Sydney Airport. As the road exits the tunnel, there is a major exit to the M5 East. The road crosses over the Cooks River via the Endeavour Bridge, continues southeast into the suburbs of Kyeemagh and Brighton-Le-Sands, before terminating in Ramsgate at the junction with The Grand Parade that carrier traffic towards Sutherland and Wollongong.[1]

Traffic runs in three lanes in both directions through Kyeemagh, becoming four lanes after the M5 East junction. The M5 East can only be accessed southbound, and traffic joins General Holmes Drive northbound.

Several major billboards are situated towards the northwestern terminus of the General Holmes Drive.[4]

Exits and interchanges[edit]

LGA Location km[5] mi Destinations Notes
Bayside Mascot 0 0.0 Botany Road – Mascot, Redfern, Maroubra, Sydney CBD North-eastern terminus at traffic lights
0.2 0.12 Joyce Drive north / Ross Smith Avenue west – Sydney Airport Traffic light intersection
Botany 0.7 0.43 Mill Pond Drive – Botany, Maroubra, Sydney CBD Traffic light intersection
1.0 0.62 To Foreshore Road – Port Botany Southbound exit only
1.2 0.75 Southern Cross Drive (M1) – Randwick, Sydney CBD Northbound exit and southbound entrance at partial Y interchange;
Route transition: no route number north, M1 continues south from Southern Cross Drive
1.6 0.99 Foreshore Road – Port Botany, La Perouse North-eastbound exit and entrance
2.2 1.4 Foreshore Road – no exit Westbound entrance only
Sydney Airport 2.4–
3.0
1.5–
1.9
Airport Tunnel
3.1 1.9 M5 Motorway – Liverpool, Canberra Westbound exit and eastbound entrance at partial Y interchange;
Route transition: M1 eastbound, A1 south-westbound
Kyeemagh 4.3 2.7 Bestic Street – Rockdale Traffic light intersection
Ramsgate Beach 5.1 3.2 The Grand Parade (A1) – Wollongong, Nowra South-Western terminus: continues south as The Grand Parade

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Southern Cross Drive and General Holmes Drive". Ozroads. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "WestConnex Enabling Works: Airport East Precinct" (PDF) (Map). Roads & Maritime Services. Government of New South Wales. 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Projects: Sydney South: Airport East Precinct". Roads & Maritime Services. Government of New South Wales. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "M1 – General Holmes Drive". Digital Billboards. APN Outdoor. 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  5. ^ Google (22 June 2015). "General Holmes Drive" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

KML is from Wikidata