General Inspector of the Armed Forces

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
General Inspector of the Armed Forces
Generalny Inspektor Sił Zbrojnych
Flaga Generalnego Inspektora Sił Zbrojnych.svg
Flag of the GISZ
Jozef Pilsudski1.jpg
Józef Piłsudski
Polish Armed Forces
Abbreviation GISZ
Reports to The President
Residence Belweder Palace, Warsaw
(Piłsudski)
Appointer The President
Term length No fixed term
Formation 27 August 1926
First holder Józef Piłsudski
Final holder Bolesław Bronisław Duch
Abolished 9 October 1980
Succession Military Council

General Inspector of the Armed Forces (Polish: Generalny Inspektor SZbrojnych; GISZ) was an office created in the Second Polish Republic in 1926, after the May Coup.

The General Inspector reported directly to the President, and was not responsible to the Sejm (parliament) or the government. In the event of war, the General Inspector was to become the Commander-in-chief of the Polish Armed Forces.

Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939 and the post-war establishment of the Polish People's Republic, the position was retained by the Polish government-in-exile until 1980.

List of General Inspectors[edit]

Second Polish Republic[edit]

General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1
Józef Piłsudski
Piłsudski, JózefPierwszy Marszałek Polski
Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
27 August 1926 12 May 1935 † 8 years, 258 days
2
Edward Rydz-Śmigły
Rydz-Śmigły, EdwardMarszałek Polski
Edward Rydz-Śmigły
(1886–1941)
12 May 1935 7 November 1939 4 years, 179 days

Rydz-Śmigły went into exile on 18 September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland. Afterwards, all General Inspectors were in exile (and increasingly connected with educational activities such as cooperation with the Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum).

Polish government-in-exile[edit]

General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1
Władysław Sikorski
Sikorski, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
7 November 1939 4 July 1943 † 3 years, 239 days
2
Kazimierz Sosnkowski
Sosnkowski, Kazimierzgen. broni
Kazimierz Sosnkowski
(1885–1969)
8 July 1943 30 September 1944 1 year, 84 days
3
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895–1966)
[a]
30 September 1944 2 October 1944 2 days
-
Władysław Anders
Anders, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Anders
(1892–1970)
Acting
2 October 1944 5 May 1945 215 days
(3)
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895–1966)
5 May 1945 8 November 1946 1 year, 187 days
4
Władysław Anders
Anders, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Anders
(1892–1970)
8 November 1946 1954 8 years
5
Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski
Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, Michałgen. broni
Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski
(1893–1964)
1954 22 May 1964 † 10 years
6
Stefan Dembiński
Dembiński, Stefangen. dyw.
Stefan Dembiński
(1887–1972)
1964 27 March 1972 † 8 years
7
Stanisław Kopański
Kopański, Stanisławgen. dyw.
Stanisław Kopański
(1895–1976)
1972 23 March 1976 4 years
8
Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko
Bohusz-Szyszko, Zygmuntgen. dyw.
Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko
(1893–1982)
19 March 1976 19 February 1980 3 years, 337 days
9
Bolesław Bronisław Duch
Duch, Bolesław Bronisławgen. dyw.
Bolesław Bronisław Duch
(1885–1980)
19 February 1980 9 October 1980 † 233 days

Duch died on 9 October 1980. Afterwards, in place of the GISZ, a Military Council was created, led by gen. bryg. Klemens Rudnicki.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Commander of the Home Army, appointed as General Inspector during the Warsaw Uprising

See also[edit]