General Insurance Corporation of India

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General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC Re)
Public-sector undertaking
Traded asBSE540755
Founded22 November 1972 (1972-11-22)
Number of locations
Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, London, Moscow[1]
Area served
Key people
(Chairman-cum-Managing Director)[2]
RevenueIncrease 184.36 billion (US$2.7 billion) (2015-16)
Increase28.48 billion (US$410 million) (2015-16)[3]
AUMIncrease 795.54 billion (US$12 billion) (2015-16)
OwnerGovernment of India
SubsidiariesGIC Re South Africa Ltd (Wholly owned)

GIC of India (GIC Re) is a state owned enterprise in India. It was the sole reinsurance company in the Indian insurance market until the insurance market was open to foreign reinsurance players by late 2016 including companies from Germany, Switzerland and France. GIC Re has its registered office and headquarters in Mumbai.


The entire general insurance business in India was nationalized by the Government of India (GOI) through the General Insurance Business (Nationalization) Act (GINA) of 1972[4]. 55 Indian insurance companies and 52 other general insurance operations of other companies were nationalized.

The General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC) was formed in pursuance of Section 9(1) of GIBNA. It was incorporated on 22 November 1972 under the Companies Act, 1956 as a private company limited by shares. GIC was formed to control and operate the business of general insurance in India.

The GOI transferred all the assets and operations of the nationalized general insurance companies to GIC and other public-sector insurance companies. After a process of mergers and consolidation, GIC was re-organized with four fully owned subsidiary companies: National Insurance Company Limited, New India Assurance Company Limited, Oriental Insurance Company Limited and United India Insurance Company.

GIC and its subsidiaries had a monopoly on the general insurance business in India until the landmark Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act (IRDA Act) of 1999 came into effect on 19 April 2000. This act also amended the GIBNA Act and Insurance Act of 1938. The act along with the amendments ended the monopoly of GIC and its subsidiaries and liberalized the insurance business in India.

In November 2000, GIC was notified as India's Re insurer, but its supervisory role over its subsidiaries was ended. This was followed by the General Insurance Business (Nationalization) Amendment Act of 2002[5]. Coming into effect from 21 March 2003, this amendment ended GIC's role as a holding company of its subsidiaries. The ownership of the subsidiaries was transferred to the Government of India.

As a result of these reforms, GIC became the sole Re-Insurer in India, and is now called GIC Re. Indian insurance companies are required by law to cede 5% of every policy value to GIC Re w.e.f. 1 April 2013, subject to some limitations and exceptions. GIC Re has diversified its operations and is now emerging as an important Re-Insurer in SAARC countries, Southeast Asia, Middle East and Africa, Europe and America. As an Indian Reinsurer with global footprint GIC Re has expanded its international operations through branches in London, Moscow, Dubai and Kuala Lumpur and is further planning to establish offices in key regions.

As of 2012 GIC Re ranked 14th largest Re insurer and 4th largest Aviation Re insurer in the world (S&P Ratings). GIC Re has a rating of A- (Excellent) from A. M. Best for its financial strength.[6] As of 2014, GIC Re has been assigned National Scale ‘AAA’ Reliability Rating And Global Scale ‘iA-’ Credit Rating by Russian National Rating Agency (NRA).


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Board of Directors". General Insurance Corporation of India. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  3. ^ Laskar, Anirudh (29 June 2016). "GIC Re records a net profit of Rs2,848 crore". Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  4. ^ "The General Insurance Business Nationalization Act - 1972 - Daily Tools". Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  5. ^ "The General Insurance Business (Nationalization) Amendment Act, 1985". Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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