General Junta of the Principality of Asturias

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General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
Junta General del Principado de Asturias
Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Pedro Sanjurjo, FSA–PSOE
Majority Leader and President of the Principality of Asturias (In-Office)
Javier Fernández, PSOE
Since 24 May 2015
Leader of the Opposition
Mercedes Fernández, PP
Structure
Seats 45
General Junta of Asturias election, 2015 results.svg
Political groups
     PSOE (14)
     PP (11)
     Podemos (9)
     IU-IX (5)
     FAC (3)
     C's (3)
Elections
Closed party lists in three constituencies (center 34, East 6, West 5) with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method
Last election
24 May 2015
Next election
2019
Meeting place
Edificiu Xunta Xeneral d'Asturies.JPG
Regional Palace, Oviedo
Website
www.jgpa.es

The General Junta of the Principality of Asturias (in Spanish: Junta General del Principado de Asturias, in Asturian: Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies) is the parliament of Asturias, an autonomous community of Spain. Its Statute of Autonomy —the basic organic law of the community—defines it as the supreme institution of representation of the Asturian people.

Established in 1982 with its name as a remembrance to a former Asturian political institution that existed from the Middle Ages to the 19th century, the General Junta exercises the legislative power, approves the budgets of the community, and guides and controls the action of the Council of Government—the executive power—whose leader it elects as the "President of the Principality of Asturias". It also exercises all competences conferred or devolved to the autonomous communities in the Constitution of Spain and assumed by the community itself in its Statute of Autonomy and any other relevant law.

The General Junta is integrated by forty-five members called "deputies" (in Spanish: diputados) for a period of four years, unless it is dissolved by the President of the Principality calling for new elections. The General Junta meets at the Regional Palace, in Oviedo.

Election[edit]

The election is in three electoral districts. 34 members are returned for the Central district, which contains Avilés, Gijón and Oviedo, the three largest municipalities, and in total represents 888,293 people in 2010. Six members are returned for the Western district (121,903 people) and five for the Eastern district (73,511 people). A threshold of the 3% is established for having any seats.

Presidents of the General Junta[edit]

The President of the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias is the presiding officer of that legislature.

Legislature Name Start End Party
Provisional Agustín José Antuña Alonso 6 March 1982 14 January 1983 UCD
Provisional Eugenio Carbajal Martínez 14 January 1983 31 May 1983 FSA/PSOE
I Juan Ramón Zapico García 31 May 1983 8 July 1987 FSA/PSOE
II Antonio Landeta y Álvarez-Valdés 8 July 1987 21 June 1991 PP
III Laura González Álvarez 21 June 1991 8 January 1993 IU-IX
III Eugenio Carbajal Martínez 4 March 1993 23 June 1995 FSA/PSOE
IV Ovidio Sánchez Díaz 23 June 1995 5 March 1999 PP
IV Faustino González Alcalde 18 March 1999 7 July 1999 FSA/PSOE
V María Jesús Álvarez González 7 July 1999 17 June 2003 FSA/PSOE
VI María Jesús Álvarez González 17 June 2003 21 July 2007 FSA/PSOE
VII María Jesús Álvarez González 21 July 2007 15 June 2011 FSA/PSOE
VIII Fernando Goñi Merino 15 June 2011 27 April 2012 PP
IX Pedro Sanjurjo González 27 April 2012 16 June 2015 FSA/PSOE
X Pedro Sanjurjo González 16 June 2015 Present FSA/PSOE

Sources[edit]