General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
|General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
Junta General del Principado de Asturias
Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies
Pedro Sanjurjo, FSA–PSOE
Majority Leader and President of the Principality of Asturias (In-Office)
Leader of the Opposition
Mercedes Fernández, PP
|Closed party lists in three constituencies (center 34, East 6, West 5) with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method|
|24 May 2015|
|Regional Palace, Oviedo|
The General Junta of the Principality of Asturias (in Spanish: Junta General del Principado de Asturias, in Asturian: Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies) is the parliament of Asturias, an autonomous community of Spain. Its Statute of Autonomy —the basic organic law of the community—defines it as the supreme institution of representation of the Asturian people.
Established in 1982 with its name as a remembrance to a former Asturian political institution that existed from the Middle Ages to the 19th century, the General Junta exercises the legislative power, approves the budgets of the community, and guides and controls the action of the Council of Government—the executive power—whose leader it elects as the "President of the Principality of Asturias". It also exercises all competences conferred or devolved to the autonomous communities in the Constitution of Spain and assumed by the community itself in its Statute of Autonomy and any other relevant law.
The General Junta is integrated by forty-five members called "deputies" (in Spanish: diputados) for a period of four years, unless it is dissolved by the President of the Principality calling for new elections. The General Junta meets at the Regional Palace, in Oviedo.
The election is in three electoral districts. 34 members are returned for the Central district, which contains Avilés, Gijón and Oviedo, the three largest municipalities, and in total represents 888,293 people in 2010. Six members are returned for the Western district (121,903 people) and five for the Eastern district (73,511 people). A threshold of the 3% is established for having any seats.
Presidents of the General Junta
|Provisional||Agustín José Antuña Alonso||6 March 1982||14 January 1983||UCD|
|Provisional||Eugenio Carbajal Martínez||14 January 1983||31 May 1983||FSA/PSOE|
|I||Juan Ramón Zapico García||31 May 1983||8 July 1987||FSA/PSOE|
|II||Antonio Landeta y Álvarez-Valdés||8 July 1987||21 June 1991||PP|
|III||Laura González Álvarez||21 June 1991||8 January 1993||IU-IX|
|III||Eugenio Carbajal Martínez||4 March 1993||23 June 1995||FSA/PSOE|
|IV||Ovidio Sánchez Díaz||23 June 1995||5 March 1999||PP|
|IV||Faustino González Alcalde||18 March 1999||7 July 1999||FSA/PSOE|
|V||María Jesús Álvarez González||7 July 1999||17 June 2003||FSA/PSOE|
|VI||María Jesús Álvarez González||17 June 2003||21 July 2007||FSA/PSOE|
|VII||María Jesús Álvarez González||21 July 2007||15 June 2011||FSA/PSOE|
|VIII||Fernando Goñi Merino||15 June 2011||27 April 2012||PP|
|IX||Pedro Sanjurjo González||27 April 2012||16 June 2015||FSA/PSOE|
|X||Pedro Sanjurjo González||16 June 2015||Present||FSA/PSOE|