General People's Congress (Yemen)
|Chairperson||Sadeq Ameen Abu Rass|
|Founder||Ali Abdullah Saleh|
|Founded||24 August 1982|
|House of Representatives||
238 / 301
The General People's Congress (GPC; Arabic: المؤتمر الشعبي العام; transliterated: Al-Mo'tamar Ash-Sha'abiy Al-'Aam) is a political party in Yemen. The party is dominated by a nationalist line, and its official ideology is Arab nationalism, seeking Arab unity.
The party was established on 24 August 1982 in Sana'a, North Yemen, by President Ali Abdullah Saleh, becoming an umbrella organisation that sought to represent all political interests. Following Yemeni unification in 1990, and with Saleh continuing as president of the united country, it emerged as the largest party in the 1993 parliamentary elections, winning 123 of the 301 seats. It went on to win a majority (187) of seats in the 1997 elections amidst a boycott by the Yemeni Socialist Party.
Saleh was re-elected as President in the first direct presidential elections in 1999, and the party won a landslide victory in the 2003 parliamentary elections, winning 226 of the 301 seats. Following the elections, several independent MPs also joined the party. Saleh was re-elected again in 2006. After he was forced to stand down as a result of the Yemeni Revolution, the party's Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi was elected as his successor. The two men were at war with each other from 2015, during the Yemeni Civil War, until Saleh's and GPC's politburo death during the battle of Sana'a against the Houthis.
|Election year||Candidate||No. of overall votes||% of overall vote||Result|
|1999||Ali Abdullah Saleh||3,584,399||96.2%||Won|
|2006||Ali Abdullah Saleh||4,149,673||77.2%||Won|
|2012||Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi||6,621,921||100.0%||Won|
House of Representatives
|Election date||Number of votes received||Percentage of votes||Number of seats|
123 / 301
187 / 301
226 / 301
- Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 134.
- Burrowes, p111
- Al Yemeni, Ahmed A. Hezam (2003). The Dynamic of Democratisation – Political Parties in Yemen (PDF). Toennes Satz + Druck GmbH. ISBN 3-89892-159-X.
- Frank Tachau (1994) Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa, Greenwood Press, p633
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